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Fig. 1.8-1
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
l
© McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Inc./Eric Wise, photographer
Fig. 1.9
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Head
(cephalic)
Neck
Frontal (forehead)
Orbital (eye)
Nasal (nose)
Oral (mouth)
Otic (ear)
Buccal (cheek)
Cranial (skull)
Occipital (base of skull)
Mental (chin)
Nuchal (back of neck)
Cervical
Clavicular (collarbone)
Acromial (point of shoulder)
Scapular (shoulder blade)
Thoracic
(thorax)
Pectoral (chest)
Sternal (breastbone)
Axillary (armpit)
Dorsal
(back)
Brachial (arm)
Mammary (breast)
Trunk
Vertebral (spinal column)
Antecubital (front of elbow)
Abdominal (abdomen)
Umbilical (navel)
Pelvic (pelvis)
Inguinal (groin)
Pubic (genital)
Olecranon (point of elbow)
Antebrachial (forearm)
Upper limb
Lumbar (loin)
Upper limb
Trunk
Sacral (between hips)
Carpal (wrist)
Dorsum (back of hand)
Palmar (palm)
Digital (fingers)
Manual (hand)
Gluteal (buttock)
Coxal (hip)
Perineal (perineum)
Femoral (thigh)
Popliteal (hollow behind knee)
Patellar (kneecap)
Crural (leg)
Sural (calf)
Lower limb
Lower limb
(a)
Talus (ankle)
Dorsum (top of foot)
Digital (toes)
Plantar (sole)
Pedal (foot)
(b)
© McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Inc./Eric Wise, photographer
Calcaneal (heel)
Fig. 1.8
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Superior
Left
Right
Superior
Midline
Proximal
Medial
Anterior
Posterior
(Ventral)
(Dorsal)
Distal
Lateral
Inferior
Proximal
Distal
Distal
Proximal
© McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Inc./Eric Wise, photographer
Inferior
Fig. 1.11
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brainstem
Nasal cavity
Tongue
Spinal cord
Pharynx (throat)
Vertebral
column
Trachea
(b) Sagittal section of the head
Sagittal
plane
Transverse,
or horizontal,
plane
Stomach
Large
intestine
Liver
Spleen
Kidney
Vertebra
Kidney
Spinal
cord
Frontal, or
coronal, plane
(c) Transverse section through the abdomen
Skin
Fat
Hip muscle
(a)
Femur
(thighbone)
Coxal bone
(hipbone)
Thigh muscles
(d) Frontal section through the right hip
a: © McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Inc./Eric Wise, photographer; b–d: © R. T Hutchings
Fig. 1.12
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Longitudinal section
Intestine
Transverse
section
Oblique
section
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Fig. 1.3a
Hair
Skin
Ribs
Skull
Temporalis
Clavicle
Pectoralis
major
Sternum
Humerus
Biceps
brachii
Vertebral
column
Pelvis
Rectus
abdominis
Radius
Ulna
Femur
Tibia
Sartorius
Quadriceps
femoris
Gastrocnemius
Fibula
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Provides protection, regulates temperature,
prevents water loss, and helps produce
vitamin D. Consists of skin, hair, nails, and
sweat glands.
Provides protection and support, allows
body movements, produces blood cells, and
stores minerals and fat. Consists of bones,
associated cartilages, ligaments, and joints.
Produces body movements, maintains
posture, and produces body heat. Consists of
muscles attached to the skeleton by tendons.
Tonsils
Nose
Thymus
Cervical
lymph
node
Nasal
cavity
Pharynx
(throat)
Pharynx
(throat)
Larynx
Oral cavity
(mouth)
Esophagus
Trachea
Axillary
lymph
node
Lymphatic
vessel
Mammary
plexus
Stomach
Bronchi
Pancreas
Lungs
Thoracic
duct
Liver
Gallbladder
Spleen
Inguinal
lymph node
Salivary
glands
Small
intestine
Large
intestine
Appendix
Rectum
Anus
Lymphatic System
Respiratory System
Digestive System
Removes foreign substances from the blood
and lymph, combats disease, maintains
tissue fluid balance, and absorbs fats from
the digestive tract. Consists of the lymphatic
vessels, lymph nodes, and other lymphatic
organs.
Exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide
between the blood and air and regulates
blood pH. Consists of the lungs and
respiratory passages.
Performs the mechanical and chemical
processes of digestion, absorption of
nutrients, and elimination of wastes. Consists
of the mouth, esophagus, stomach,
intestines, and accessory organs.
Fig. 1.3b
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Hypothalamus
Brain
Pituitary
Spinal cord
Thyroid
Thymus
Pineal
gland
Carotid
artery
Parathyroids
(posterior
part of
thyroid)
Jugular
vein
Nerve
Adrenals
Cauda
equina
Ovaries
(female)
Pancreas
(islets)
Testes
(male)
Heart
Brachial
artery
Inferior
vena cava
Superior
vena cava
Pulmonary
trunk
Aorta
Femoral
artery and
vein
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Cardiovascular System
A major regulatory system that detects
sensations and controls movements,
physiological processes, and intellectual
functions. Consists of the brain, spinal cord,
nerves, and sensory receptors.
A major regulatory system that influences
metabolism, growth, reproduction, and many
other functions. Consists of glands, such as
the pituitary, that secrete hormones.
Transports nutrients, waste products, gases,
and hormones throughout the body; plays a
role in the immune response and the
regulation of body temperature. Consists of
the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Mammary
gland
(in breast)
Kidney
Seminal
vesicle
Uterine
tube
Ureter
Ovary
Urinary
bladder
Ductus
deferens
Prostate
gland
Testis
Uterus
Urethra
Vagina
Epididymis
Penis
Urinary System
Female Reproductive System
Male Reproductive System
Removes waste products from the blood and
regulates blood pH, ion balance, and water
balance. Consists of the kidneys, urinary
bladder, and ducts that carry urine.
Produces oocytes and is the site of fertilization
and fetal development; produces milk for the
newborn; produces hormones that influence
sexual function and behaviors. Consists of the
ovaries, vagina, uterus, mammary glands, and
associated structures.
Produces and transfers sperm cells to
the female and produces hormones that
influence sexual functions and behaviors.
Consists of the testes, accessory structures,
ducts, and penis.
Co 1
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