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Transcript
The Use of
ANIMALS IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
ORGANS SYSTEMS REVIEW
The human body is made up of several organ systems that work together as one unit.
The ten major organ systems of the body are listed below, along with several organs that are associated with each system.
Circulatory:
Cardiovascular: heart and blood
Lymphatic: Lymph nodes and vessels, thymus, spleen
Digestive:
Primary organs: mouth, stomach, intestines, rectum
Accessory organs: teeth, tongue, liver, pancreas
Endocrine:
pituitary gland, pineal gland, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland
Integumentary:
nails, hair, skin, sweat glands
Muscular:
muscles
Nervous:
brain, spinal cord, nerves
Reproductive:
Male: testes, scrotum, penis, vas deferens, prostate
Female: ovaries, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
Respiratory:
lungs, nose, trachea, bronchi
Skeletal:
bones and joints
Urinary/Excretory:
kidneys, urinary bladder, urethra, ureters
It is important to keep in mind that these systems don't just exist as individual units. The final product of these cooperating systems is one unit
called the body. Each system depends on the others, either directly or indirectly, to keep the body functioning normally
The Use of
ANIMALS IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH
ORGANS SYSTEMS WORKSHEET
1) The lungs, nose, and trachea are part of which organ system?
a) Digestive
6) Most of the nutrient absorption that takes place during digestion
occurs in the:
b) Respiratory
a) Liver
c) Muscular
b) Large Intestines
d) Circulatory
c) Stomach
d) Small Intestines
2) The kidneys and urethra are part of which organ system?
a) Skeletal
7) This system contains the largest organ in the body.
b) Digestive
a) Cardiovascular
c) Urinary
b) Reproductive
d) Reproductive
c) Digestive
d) Integumentary
3) Which of the following are NOT part of the integumentary
system?
a) Nails
8) The skeletons of sharks and human embryos are composed of
which type of connective tissue?
b) Hair
a) Bone
c) Skin
b) Adipose
d) Teeth
c) Cartilage
d) Collagen
b) Urinary
c) Endocrine
d) Lymphatic
5) Which system helps to protect the body by destroying germs
within the body?
a) Lymphatic
9) Parts of the urinary system remove liquid waste from the blood.
Which system removes gaseous waste (carbon dioxide) from the
blood?
a) Digestive
b) Circulatory
c) Respiratory
d) Nervous
10) From what source do cells get their food?
b) Cardiovascular
a) Blood
c) Skeletal
b) Oxygen
d) Respiratory
c) Other cells
d) Carbon dioxide
Answer Key:
a) Nervous
1)B; 2) C; 3) D; 4) C; 5) A; 6) D; 7) D; 8) C; 9) C; 10) A
4) The pituitary gland, pineal gland, and the thyroid gland are part
of which system?