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China’s Great Dynasties – Qin and Han Dynasties
Qin Dynasty
~ After the Zhou dynasty collapsed in 256 B.C.E., the Qi, Chu, and Qin ________________________ one another
for control. The Qin won in 221 B.C.E., and the Emperor united China under the ______________ Empire. The
emperor changed his name to ___________________________________ (the “First Emperor”).
~ China was now ruled following the idea of ___________________________________, which taught that people
obeyed their rulers out of ___________________________, not respect as Confucius had taught. Shi Huangdi ruled
the Chinese people harshly, but brought important ____________________________ to China. By uniting China,
the Qin ended the power of the nobles and formed a strong __________________________________ government,
with a bureaucracy that that helped the government run smoothly. Many ______________________________
projects were organized to link the peoples of China and ____________________________ them from invaders.
What are some building projects? __________________________________________________________________
~ Shi Huangdi ordered many things be made ______________________________ across the empire, such as coins,
weights, and writing. Wanting to control the education of the people, the emperor ordered non-approved books
_______________________________, including many copies of ________________________________________.
Han Dynasty
~ High taxes and harsh laws led to civil war. By _______________ B.C.E. the Qin dynasty had collapsed and was
replaced in 202 B.C.E. by the _______________ dynasty. This dynasty ruled for 400 years and relied on the ideas of
both ____________________________________ and _____________________________________. The Han
emperor employed people to run the government. People with certain skills were given _____________________
_________________________ jobs, taking care of the day-to-day running of the government.
~ The Han established a _________________________________ to train people for civil service jobs. The Han
supported the teaching of the ideas of Confucianism but also ____________________________, which teaches that
the key to long life and happiness is to ______________________ life as it is. They invented __________________
Han influence spread by the ____________________________________________. The Han dynasty ended in
_____________ C.E., but their ideas can still be seen in Chinese culture today. Chinese people still call themselves
______________________________________________________________________________.