Download SQL Server 2008 R2 Parallel Data Warehouse: Under the

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Concurrency control wikipedia, lookup

Oracle Database wikipedia, lookup

Microsoft Access wikipedia, lookup

Entity–attribute–value model wikipedia, lookup

Database wikipedia, lookup

Extensible Storage Engine wikipedia, lookup

Btrieve wikipedia, lookup

Microsoft Jet Database Engine wikipedia, lookup

Ingres (database) wikipedia, lookup

Tandem Computers wikipedia, lookup

Clusterpoint wikipedia, lookup

Database model wikipedia, lookup

Relational model wikipedia, lookup

Open Database Connectivity wikipedia, lookup

Microsoft SQL Server wikipedia, lookup

SQL wikipedia, lookup

PL/SQL wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
SQL Server 2008 R2 Parallel Data
Warehouse: Under the Hood
Brian Mitchell
Senior Premier Field Engineer
Introducing Parallel Data Warehouse
•
Tier 1 Enterprise Data Warehouse Appliance Offering
–
–
•
Flexibility and Choice
–
–
•
High scalability from 10s to100s of terabytes
High performance through MPP system
Choice of deployment options through distributed architecture
Highly Scalable
Most Comprehensive Solution
–
–
–
Complete data warehouse solution spanning desktop, enterprise
data warehouse (EDW), and data marts
Deep integration with Microsoft business intelligence (BI)
Comprehensive toolset for BI, ETL, MDM, and streaming data
Agenda
•
•
•
•
SQL Server 2008 R2 PDW Overview
Disk
CPU
Memory
Appliance Model
• Sold as a “black box” to customers
• End-to-end solution includes software and
hardware
• Preconfigured from vendor
• Based on a balanced reference architecture
• Hardware specifications promote data
warehousing workloads
• Provides enterprise-level redundancy
Appliance Hardware Schema
PDW: High Availability
• Failover Clustering
• Dual Networking
– Dual Infiniband
– Dual Ethernet
– Dual Fiber Channel
• Dual Power
• Storage
– RAID 0
– Hot Spare
PDW Benefits
• Appliance Model
– System arrives assembled with software preinstalled
• Appliance optimized for DW Workloads
• CPU and IO bandwidth is balanced for
scan-intensive queries
• Simple to get running and productive
PDW Advantages
• All loads and queries are highly parallel,
automatically
• All DML (Inserts, Updates) are also parallel*
• Can increase scale and reduce execution
time by adding compute racks
• Fewer ‘knobs’, less complexity at DBA level
– Eliminates physical file layout considerations from
database and table creation
– Memory, parallelism, and many other SQL
configuration options preset and fixed
PDW: Built on Tech You Know
•
•
•
•
•
Windows Server 2008 (SP2)
SQL Server 2008 (SP2)
Failover Clustering
Web Based Admin Console
SQL Server 2008 R2 BI Tools connect natively
–
–
–
–
Analysis Services
Reporting Services
Integration Services
PowerPivot
Demo: PDW Built on Tech You Know
PDW: Basic Concepts
Create Database
Syntax
• CREATE DATABASE database_name
WITH ( [ AUTOGROW = ON | OFF , ]
REPLICATED_SIZE = replicated_size [
GB ]
, DISTRIBUTED_SIZE
= distributed_size [ GB ]
, LOG_SIZE = log_size [ GB ] ) [;]
Example
• CREATE DATABASE BigData
WITH (AUTOGROW = ON
, REPLICATED_SIZE = 1024
, DISTRIBUTED_SIZE =
16384
, LOG_SIZE = 1024 )
Create Table Examples
Replicated Table
Distributed Table
• CREATE TABLE myTable
(
id integer NOT NULL,
lastName varchar(20),
zipCode varchar(6)
);
• CREATE TABLE myTable
(
id integer NOT NULL,
lastName varchar(20),
zipCode varchar(6)
WITH ( DISTRIBUTION
= HASH (id))
);
PDW: Handling Disk I/O
Replicating Tables
dimTime
dimProduct
Date Dim ID
Calendar Year
Calendar Qtr
Calendar Mo
Calendar Day
Prod Dim ID
Prod Category
Prod Sub Cat
Prod Desc
Date Dim ID
Store Dim ID
Prod Dim ID
Mktg Camp
Id
Qty Sold
Dollars Sold
SQL
DimMktCampaign
Store Dim ID
Store Name
Store Mgr
Store Size
SQL
SQL
factSales
dimStore
Smaller Dimension
Tables are Replicated
on Every Compute
Node
SQL
Mktg Camp ID
Camp Name
Camp Mgr
Camp Start
Camp End
15
Ultra Shared Nothing
• SQL Server PDW
– Stores a portion of each table in each compute
node
– Stores 8 “portions” per compute node
• Called Distributions
– Table Scan: all distributions on all nodes
Distributing Tables
dimTime
Date Dim ID
Calendar Year
Calendar Qtr
Calendar Mo
Calendar Day
dimProduct
Prod Dim ID
Prod Category
Prod Sub Cat
Prod Desc
Larger Fact Table is
Hash Distributed
Across All Compute
Nodes
SQL
SQL
factSales
Date Dim ID
Store Dim ID
Prod Dim ID
Mktg Camp Id
Qty Sold
Dollars Sold
SQL
SQL
dimMktCampaign
dimStore
Store Dim ID
Store Name
Store Mgr
Store Size
Mktg Camp ID
Camp Name
Camp Mgr
Camp Start
Camp End
17
PDW: Database Filegroups
PDW: Database Files
PDW Compute Node SAN Architecture
**N+1 cluster architecture
Handling Processing Throughput
CPU
• Each Compute Node is set up using Soft-Numa
• Each Compute Node Listens on Multiple Ports
• Each Port is mapped to a Soft-Numa Node
PDW: Affinity
SELECT Name
FROM tableA
WHERE state = ‘TX’
Filegroups
LUNs
1500
A
1
1501
B
2
1502
C
3
1503
D
4
1504
E
5
1505
F
6
7
1506
G
7
8
1507
H
8
Affinitized
to Cores
Affinitized to Tables
on FileGroups
Affinitized
to Disks
Soft-Numa
1
3
PDW
Engine
4
5
6
8 Connections
to SQL Server
Compute Node
2
PDW: Memory For Everyone
PDW Memory: Resource Governor
SELECT Name
FROM tableA
WHERE state = ‘TX’
Compute Node 1
RAM
1
1500
QueryGroup_A
1501
QueryGroup_B
1502
QueryGroup_C
1503
QueryGruop_D
1504
QueryGroup_E
6
1505
QueryGroup_F
7
1506
QueryGroup_G
8
1507
QueryGroup_H
2
3
PDW
Engine
4
5
QueryPool_A
11%
QueryPool_B
11%
QueryPool_C
11%
QueryPool_D
11%
QueryPool_E
11%
QueryPool_F
11%
QueryPool_G
11%
QueryPool_H
11%
Monitoring PDW
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Admin Console
DMV’s
DBCC Commands
PDW Logs
DMS Logs
SQL Server Logs
Event Logs
Cluster Logs
Monitoring PDW - Demo
Please Complete the Evaluation Form
Pick up your evaluation form:
• In each presentation room
Drop off your completed form
• Near the exit of each presentation room
• At the registration area
Presented by Dell
SQL Server 2008 R2 Parallel Data Warehouse: Under the Hood
28
THANK YOU!
Presented by Dell
For attending this session and
PASS SQLRally Orlando, Florida
29
Session Code | Session Title