Download File

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Extended female sexuality wikipedia, lookup

Sexual conflict wikipedia, lookup

Sexual reproduction wikipedia, lookup

Terrestrial locomotion wikipedia, lookup

Drosophila melanogaster wikipedia, lookup

Fertilisation wikipedia, lookup

Sperm competition wikipedia, lookup

Anisogamy wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
CRAYFISH
DISSECTION
ARTHROPODA
“jointed foot”
“Arthro” = joint
“pod” = foot
NAMING CRAYFISH
Kingdom:
Phylum:
CLASS:
ANIMALIA
Arthropoda
“jointed foot”
CRUSTACEA
crusta = “flexible shell”
EXOSKELETON- Outside body; NON-LIVING
Made of CHITIN (polysaccharide)
PROTEINS, LIPIDS, CALCIUM CARBONATE
All animals with an EXOSKELETON must
MOLT (shed their exoskeleton) to grow
bigger
SEGMENTED BODY
(like earthworms)
Fusion of smaller segments to make
one bigger section
Head + thorax = cephalothorax
CARAPACE
Part of exoskeleton that
covers the cephalothorax
CHELIPED = Pincher (defense; capture food)
ROSTRUM = “visor” protects eyes
ANTENNAE- touch, taste
ANTENNULES- touch,
taste, & equilibrium
DECAPODS (10 legs)
(4 pair walking legs + 2 chelipeds)
SWIMMERETS (5 pair)
SWIMMERETS
HELP with
REPRODUCTION
Males – transfer sperm
Females – carry eggs/young
Create water currents
Telson
Uropods
MAXILLA – Manipulate food
MANDIBLE
Appendages
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Walking legs
Cheliped
Maxillipeds
2nd maxilla
(gill bailer)
1st maxilla
Mandible
Antenna
Antennule
APPENDAGES
ANTENNA
ANTENNULE
MANDIBLE
Touch, taste
Touch, taste, equilibrium
Chew food
MAXILLA
Manipulate food
Last pair “bailers”Move water over gills
Touch, taste, manipulate food
MAXILLIPEDS
CHELIPED
WALKING LEGS
SWIMMERETS
UROPOD
Capture food, defense
Locomotion,
move water over gills
Move water over EGGS,
transfer sperm (males)
carry young/eggs (females)
Propulsion during tailflips
Is it a MALE OR FEMALE?
MALES:
first two pair
of swimmerets
form a channel
to transfer
sperm to female
seminal receptacle
SWIMMERETS
MALES
Top pair
make a
“V”
Females “in berry”
carry developing embryos on swimmerets
REPRODUCTIVE
SEPARATE SEXES
Male and Female
EXTERNAL FERTILIZATION
sperm & eggs join outside body
INDIRECT DEVELOPMENT
Starts as a LARVA
Examine the inside
of your crayfish
RESPIRATORY
GILLS
Exchange gases
Remove nitrogen waste (AMMONIA)
What keeps water moving over gills?
“BAILERS”
WALKING LEGS:
are attached to gills so walking moves
water
INTERNAL
OPEN CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
HEART with openings (OSTIA)
ARTERIES leaving heart but NO VEINS to
return hemolymph
STOMACH
PYLORIC
CARDIAC
GASTRIC MILL
“teeth” inside stomach
DIGESTIVE GLAND
Makes bile; finishes digestion; absorbs nutrients
GONADS
Females:
OVARIES – make eggs
SEMINAL RECEPTACLES-store received sperm
Males:
TESTES – make sperm
VAS DEFERENS- tubules inside that carry sperm
from testes to exit opening
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM:
controls sexual development
Also: molting, heart rate
ABDOMEN
INTESTINE – finish digestion; absorb nutrients;
collect & remove feces
GREEN GLANDS - collect and remove excess water &
nitrogen waste (AMMONIA)
NERVOUS SYSTEM
(like earthworms)
VENTRAL NERVE CORD
CEREBRAL GANGLIA
GANGLIA along body
VENTRAL NERVE CORD
CEREBRAL GANGLIA = BRAIN
Nerves connect
the eyes, antennae,
and antennules
to the brain.
COMPOUND EYE
AUTOTOMY & REGENERATION
Crayfish have
the ability to
“self amputate”
parts to escape
predators and
regenerate to
repair injuries