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Web Basics Jim Barton Librarian Glenside Public Library District Agenda • • • • Terminology & Descriptions Web Browsers & URLs Search Tools & Tips Internet Safety Terminology & Descriptions The Internet: A system of interconnected global computer networks that allow people to share digital information with one another. Terminology & Descriptions The Web: A system of online documents that are linked together, like a spider “web” (hence the term World Wide Web). Terminology & Descriptions Web Browser: A program that allows you to view websites and navigate between them using hyperlinks. Also used to access web-based applications—like Yahoo Mail—and to store and access documents using web services such as Google Drive. The four most popular web browsers are: Terminology & Descriptions Website: A collection of Web Pages that provide information about a business, group, organization, or person (such as the Library or the Village Parks & Recreation). Terminology & Descriptions Web Page: An electronic document with text, images and other links that is accessed by clicking a hyperlink from the Results List in a Web Browser. Terminology & Descriptions Home Page: The page of a website that appears first when someone clicks on the site’s hyperlink in his or her Web Browser Results List. Terminology & Descriptions The Cloud: A term used to describe web-based applications and/or files that are stored on a shared, remote server and accessible to users through a log in (such as Google Docs or Facebook). Web Browsers & URLs Address Bar: Used to type in the address of a website or web page. Web Browsers & URLs Search Box: Used to enter keywords when the exact address is unknown. Note: Some browsers only have a single “omnibox” that is used to enter both web addresses and keywords (like Google Chrome). Web Browsers & URLs Tabs: Used to open a new web page without closing the current one and navigate back and forth between them. Web Browsers & URLs Buttons: Used to direct the web browser to perform specific functions. Buttons common to most browsers include: Web Browsers & URLs Web Address: Tells the computer the correct combination of letters, numbers, and/or characters to reach a particular website. Uniform Resource Locator • Contain NO SPACES and require correct spelling. • Usually begin with www, http, or https Example: www.ssa.gov Web Browsers & URLs Domains (the last few letters of the address after the .) USUALLY give users an indicator about the type of site they’re visiting .com = commercial business or company .org = non-profit .gov = government agency .info = informational site .edu = educational institutions .net = internet service provider (Ex: AT&T) .mil = United States military branches Search Tools & Tips Search Engine Tools: Different search engines offer various search tools like news, maps, weather and sports. Search Tools & Tips • Quotation Marks (“Illinois State Fair”) • Connectors (Chicago AND events) • “Also try” or “Searches related to” • Check for multiple pages before changing keywords • Review the results before clicking Web Safety • The Internet is not evil, but some people are • Keep your family safe with a few simple guidelines: o Be cautious of entering personal information into websites that aren’t secure (https: or feature a lock icon) Web Safety • Use antivirus software Web Safety • Keep your programs and software applications updated Web Safety • Use strong passwords o At least 7 characters o Mix of upper/lowercase letters o Contain at least 1 number o Contain a symbol o Unique to the website (no repeat passwords) Example: Jellos2yummy! • DO NOT create a folder in your email program or computer called “Passwords” and store them in there QUESTIONS? THANK YOU FOR COMING!