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Web Basics
Jim Barton
Glenside Public Library District
Terminology & Descriptions
Web Browsers & URLs
Search Tools & Tips
Internet Safety
Terminology & Descriptions
The Internet: A system of interconnected global
computer networks that allow people to share
digital information with one another.
Terminology & Descriptions
The Web: A system of online documents that are
linked together, like a spider “web” (hence the term
World Wide Web).
Terminology & Descriptions
Web Browser: A program that allows you to
view websites and navigate between them using
hyperlinks. Also used to access web-based
applications—like Yahoo Mail—and to store and
access documents using web services such as
Google Drive.
The four most popular web browsers are:
Terminology & Descriptions
Website: A collection of Web Pages that provide
information about a business, group, organization,
or person (such as the Library or the Village Parks &
Terminology & Descriptions
Web Page: An electronic document with text,
images and other links that is accessed by clicking
a hyperlink from the Results List in a Web Browser.
Terminology & Descriptions
Home Page: The page of a website that appears
first when someone clicks on the site’s hyperlink in
his or her Web Browser Results List.
Terminology & Descriptions
The Cloud: A term used to describe web-based
applications and/or files that are stored on a shared,
remote server and accessible to users through a log
in (such as Google Docs or Facebook).
Web Browsers & URLs
Address Bar: Used to type in the address of a
website or web page.
Web Browsers & URLs
Search Box: Used to enter keywords when the
exact address is unknown.
Note: Some browsers only have a single “omnibox”
that is used to enter both web addresses and
keywords (like Google Chrome).
Web Browsers & URLs
Tabs: Used to open a new web page without
closing the current one and navigate back and forth
between them.
Web Browsers & URLs
Buttons: Used to direct the web browser to
perform specific functions. Buttons common to
most browsers include:
Web Browsers & URLs
Web Address: Tells the computer the correct
combination of letters, numbers, and/or characters
to reach a particular website.
Uniform Resource Locator
• Contain NO SPACES and require correct spelling.
• Usually begin with www, http, or https
Web Browsers & URLs
Domains (the last few letters of the address after
the .) USUALLY give users an indicator about the
type of site they’re visiting
.com = commercial business or company
.org = non-profit
.gov = government agency
.info = informational site
.edu = educational institutions
.net = internet service provider (Ex: AT&T)
.mil = United States military branches
Search Tools & Tips
Search Engine Tools: Different search engines
offer various search tools like news, maps, weather
and sports.
Search Tools & Tips
• Quotation Marks (“Illinois State Fair”)
• Connectors (Chicago AND events)
• “Also try” or “Searches related to”
• Check for multiple pages before changing
• Review the results before clicking
Web Safety
• The Internet is not evil, but some people are
• Keep your family safe with a few simple
o Be cautious of entering personal information into websites
that aren’t secure (https: or feature a lock icon)
Web Safety
• Use antivirus software
Web Safety
• Keep your programs and software applications
Web Safety
• Use strong passwords
o At least 7 characters
o Mix of upper/lowercase letters
o Contain at least 1 number
o Contain a symbol
o Unique to the website (no repeat passwords)
Example: Jellos2yummy!
• DO NOT create a folder in your email program or
computer called “Passwords” and store them in