Download Buddhism

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Buddhism and violence wikipedia, lookup

Buddhist influences on print technology wikipedia, lookup

Catuṣkoṭi wikipedia, lookup

Gautama Buddha wikipedia, lookup

Mahayana wikipedia, lookup

Persecution of Buddhists wikipedia, lookup

Triratna Buddhist Community wikipedia, lookup

Geyi wikipedia, lookup

Noble Eightfold Path wikipedia, lookup

Nondualism wikipedia, lookup

Buddhist art wikipedia, lookup

Zen wikipedia, lookup

Early Buddhist schools wikipedia, lookup

Bhikkhuni wikipedia, lookup

Theravada wikipedia, lookup

Greco-Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Buddha-nature wikipedia, lookup

Tara (Buddhism) wikipedia, lookup

Buddhist texts wikipedia, lookup

Four Noble Truths wikipedia, lookup

Skandha wikipedia, lookup

Buddhist philosophy wikipedia, lookup

Śūnyatā wikipedia, lookup

Pratītyasamutpāda wikipedia, lookup

Buddhist ethics wikipedia, lookup

Sanghyang Adi Buddha wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism and Hinduism wikipedia, lookup

Dalit Buddhist movement wikipedia, lookup

Chinese Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Korean Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism and psychology wikipedia, lookup

Dhyāna in Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Anatta wikipedia, lookup

Buddhist meditation wikipedia, lookup

Yin Shun wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism in Thailand wikipedia, lookup

History of Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism and Western philosophy wikipedia, lookup

History of Buddhism in Cambodia wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

History of Buddhism in India wikipedia, lookup

Nirvana (Buddhism) wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism and sexual orientation wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism in Japan wikipedia, lookup

Vajrayana wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism in Vietnam wikipedia, lookup

Silk Road transmission of Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Seongcheol wikipedia, lookup

Decline of Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent wikipedia, lookup

Enlightenment in Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Women in Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Pre-sectarian Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Ms. Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley Hs Chappaqua, NY
Religions of South Asia
Buddhism in the Subcontinent
The essence of Buddhism
 The “middle way of wisdom
and compassion.”
 2,500 year old tradition.
 The 3 jewels of Buddhism:
 Buddha, the teacher.
 Dharma, the teachings.
 Sangha, the community.
Siddhartha Gautama






(563-483 BCE)
Born in NE India
(Nepal).
Raised in great luxury
to be a king.
At 29 he rejected
his luxurious life to
seek enlightenment
and the source of
suffering.
Lived a strict,
ascetic life for 6 yrs.
Rejecting this extreme, sat in
meditation, and found nirvana.
Became “The Enlightened One,” at 35.
What is the fundamental
cause of all suffering?
Desire!
 Therefore, extinguish the self,
don’t obsess about oneself.
Four Noble Truths
1. There is suffering in the
world. To live is to
suffer. (Dukkha)
 The Buddha found this
out when he was young
and experienced
suffering and death in
others.
Four Noble Truths
2. The cause of
suffering is selfcentered desire and
attachments. (Tanha)
Four Noble Truths
3. The solution is to
eliminate desire and
attachments.
(Nirvana = “extinction”)
Four Noble Truths
4. To reach nirvana, one
must follow the Eightfold
Path.
Eightfold Path
Nirvana
 The union with the ultimate
spiritual reality.
 Escape from the cycle of
rebirth.
Buddha – 19c Thailand
Buddha’s
head :
2c
Pakistan
Mandala: Wheel of Life Motif
Mandala: Wheel of Life Motif
Buddhist Altar
Types of Buddhism
 Therevada Buddhism
 Mahayana Buddhism
 Tibetan Buddhism
 Zen Buddhism
Theravada Buddhism
 The oldest school of Buddhism.
 The “Way of the Elders” or the
“Small Vehicle.”
 Found in southern Asia.
 The monastic life is the best way
to achieve nirvana.
 Focus on wisdom and meditation.
 Goal is to become a “Buddha,” or
“Enlightened One.”
 Over 100,000,000 followers today.
Theravada Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism
 The “Great Vehicle.”
 Founded in northern Asia (China,
Japan).
 Buddhism “for the masses.”
 Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas,
wise beings.
 Goal: Not just individual escape
from the wheel, but the salvation
of all humanity through selfsacrifice of those enlightened few.
Mahayana Buddhism
Seated Boddhisatva – 16c
Bhutan
boddhisatva
Tibetan Buddhism
 The “Diamond Vehicle.” [Vajrayana]
 Developed in Tibet in the
7c CE.
 A mix of Theravada and Mahayana.
 Boddhisatvas include
Lamas, like the
Dalai Lama.
 The Tibetan Book
of the Dead
[Bardo Thodol].
The
Dalai
Lama
zen Buddhism
 The “Meditation School.”
 Seeks sudden enlightenment [satori]
through meditation, arriving at
emptiness [sunyata].
 Use of meditation masters [Roshi].
 Beauty, art, and aesthetics:
 Gardens.
 Archery.
 Tea ceremony.
 Calligraphy.
Buddhism in America (1999)
Distribution of Buddhism
Centers in the US, 2001
th
10
Annual western buddhist
monastic conference
California, 2004
Relieve Stress & Meditate:
Get a Mantra !
Ohm...mani...padme...hung...
Hail to the jewel in the lotus!