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Transcript
History and Culture of China
西安
Xi'an is located 34 degrees north
latitude, which is the geographical
north-south border in China. The north,
the Loess Plateau, south of the Qinling
Mountains, sitting off in the plain,
Xi’an has its strategic location. In Xi’an,
one step north is the Yellow River, one
step south further is the Yangtze River
Basin, the unique geographical location,
is only in the national metropolis.
Topographical features
North of Xi‘an, Shaanxi and Gansu Loess Plateau edge Kitayama
mountain consisting of Liangshan, Huanglong Mountain, Chakpori,
Gansu Hill, with the Qinling Mountains away constitute a natural barrier
of the plain. It is the largest tributary of the Yellow River, Weihe River
Trans Guanzhong Plain. Guanzhong Plain by the Weihe River and its
many tributaries, alluvial formation, which is also called Weihe Plain,
west of Baoji, east to the Yellow River, known as “Qinchuan.
Climate
Xi'an has a mild climate, in the semi-humid monsoon climate zone with
moderate rainfall, four distinct seasons. January is the coldest and July
the hottest. The annual precipitation average of 507.7 mm to 719.8 mm.
Mineral Resources
Xi'an has complex geologic history, constructed of various types.
Qinling mountain tracts of igneous, metamorphic, and thick Cenozoic
sedimentary layer of the Weihe River basin, the foundation for a variety
of metals, non-metallic, and the gathering of energy resources. A total of
47 kinds of various minerals have been identified, including 21 kinds of
metal ores, 22 kinds of non-metallic mineral, energy and minerals of two
kinds, two kinds of other minerals.
Xi'an, in ancient times known as Chang'an, the first of China's
eight ancient capitals, one of the four ancient cities in the world, was
founded in the 16th century BC. Xi'an, formerly known as: Daxing
City, Jing Zhao, Feng Yuan, Atlantis.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, one of the 15 subprovincial cities in China, one of the cities of China's seven regional
centers, industrial and commercial center of Northwest China, one of
the national health city. It is the world-famous historical and cultural
city, an international tourist city.
Xi'an is the largest and most important base of scientific research,
higher education, defense technology industry and high-tech industry
in the central and western regions of China. With a strong industrial
base, it is one of the largest central cities of western China which
has strongest science and technology, the most complete industry
categories.
Xi'an dates back to the Western Zhou Dynasty(841BC). "Fenggao,
collectively known as built by King Wen of Zhou and King Wu of
Zhou Feng Jing and Gao Jing. To the Western Han Dynasty, Liu Bang
capital off, take the implications of local Changan Township, Li-Ming
"Chang'an" means “long-term stability.”
After the opening of the Silk Road, Chang'an became the center of
Eastern civilization. Known as the "West Rome, East Chang'an.
During the Tang dynasty, it was renamed Chang’an. In Yuan Dynasty,
it was renamed “Feng Yuan City.”
Hongwu 2002 (1369), the Ming government reform Feng Yuan
Road, Xi'an government, justice and stability Northwest. The name of
Xi'an came into being.
Xi'an, Athens, Rome, Cairo and called the world's four ancient
capitals, from the 11th century BC to the 10th century or so, there
have been 13 dynasties or regimes in Xi'an, capital and the
establishment of the regime, which lasted 1100 years.
From the 11th century BC to 9th century, Xi'an
was a political, economic and cultural center in
ancient China, and the local administrative
authorities - state, county, government, roads,
provincial and Chang’an, Xianning counties
governance. In 1928, the first time Xi'an, was a
provincial city. In 1948, it changed to the National
Government city.
After the founding of the People's Republic of
China, Xi'an was once the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia
Border Region municipality, Northwest Territories
municipality, the central municipalities, separately
listed cities. Since 1954, it has been the capital of
Shanxi Province, now in the case of sub-provincial
cities, the jurisdiction of nine area, four counties.
In 1981, UNESCO identified Xi'an as the
historical city of the world.

Ci'en Temple

Ci'en Temple was
founded in nine years of
Kaihuang (AD 589), the
beginning of seamless
Temple. Tang Zhenguan
22 years (648 AD), Tang
Emperor Li Zhi, Prince ,
whose mother
Bonaventure Queen died.
For the motherly
kindness, the temple was
rebuilt, named Ci'en
Temple.
Mount Huashan
Huashan is a complete and huge
granite structure. Its history can be
traced back to the 2.7 billion years:
"Shan Hai Jing" contains: "Taihua the
mountain, whittled the Quartet, its
height-five thousand peaks, its widthten miles." Huashan ranking the first
of the Five Sacred Mountains, the
mountain road twists and turns, up to
12 km, full of cliffs, "
。

From the picture,
we can see the
slope of nearly
90 degrees.

Forest of Steles is the collection
of ancient steles, earliest
monuments up to a treasure trove
of arts and culture. Not only is it
one of the focal point of the
Chinese Classical Carved Stones,
and cultural resources of the
ancient masters the art of
calligraphy.
——大家之作
碑
林
赏
析

The Great Mosque in Xi'an Drum
Tower Street, Bei Yu of Abbey lane.
Learn Lane mosque things distant
relative, and large-scale, it is also
known as Todai-ji, or mosque.
According to the existing monument
records, the mosque was built in
Emperor Li Longji Tianbao first year
(Year 7 in 2042), dating back to over
1,200 years ago. After renovation and
expansion, it gradually formed the
large-scale of Song, Yuan, Ming,
tower, pavilion. The temple layout is
compact and harmonious.
Xi'an Bell and Drum Tower
钟
鼓
楼
简
介
Located in the center of Xi'an, Shaanxi
Province, China. The beginning of the Bell
Tower was in Ming Dynasty (1384). The
upstairs of the original suspended a large bell,
as the strike bell chime. The Drum Tower is the
existence of China's largest Drum Tower in
Xi'an city of West Main Street Beiyuanmen the
southern tip of the east bell tower across. The
Drum Tower was built in the Ming Taizu
Hongwu 13 years, the Qing Emperor Kangxi
and Qing Emperor Qianlong five years in thirtyeight years, twice rebuilt. Upstairs the original
giant drum side, daily drumming timekeeping, it
is called the "Drum".
西安钟鼓楼
钟鼓
楼夜
景

秦
始
皇
陵
简
介
Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum
Located at the foot of Lishan Mountain, more than 30
kilometers away from Xi'an. According to historical
records: Qin Shi Huang Zheng Zhao who came to the
throne at the age of 13, began construction cemetery
planning and design, chaired by the prime minister Li Si,
the general Zhang Han supervision, construction time up
to 38 years, engineering vast breadth of the magnificent
record of the feudal rulers luxury the precedent of the
burial. The first unified Chinese emperor, who died in
210 BC, was buried in the center of the tomb. Around in
his tomb surrounded by the famous figurines. Those
slightly less than the humanoid figurines of various
shapes, along with their horses, chariots and weapons, a
perfect masterpiece of realism, while retaining a high
historical value.
秦
始
皇
陵
-骊山
兵马俑
Ancient buildings
历
史
的
痕
迹
`
西安
古村
落文
化
据传
是屋
顶
Pomegranate flower
Ash
又
大雁塔是西安市的标志性建筑和
著名古迹,是古城西安的象征。因此,
西安市徽中央所绘制的便是这座著名
古塔。
Greater Wild Goose Pagoda
Lesser Wild Goose Pagoda
肉
丸
胡
辣
汤
西安饺子宴
羊肉泡馍、凉皮、肉夹馍
饮
食
文
化
Ten strange views
面条像腰带 锅盔像锅盖
辣子是道菜 泡馍大碗卖
碗盆难分开 帕帕头上戴
房子半边盖 姑娘不对外
不坐蹲起来 唱戏吼起来
Noodles like belts; daguokui like the lid
Spice is a dish; steamed bread sold in big bowls
Bowls and basins are difficult to tell apart;
Towels on heads; Half houses.
Do not sit but take the squatting; singing like roar.
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