Download Complex Carbs

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Fiber Bragg grating wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
CARBOHYDRATES
Simple and Complex
Six Essential Nutrients
 Nutrients are substances found
in food that are essential for
growth and energy.
 There are SIX basic essential
nutrients:
Carbohydrates
 Fat
 Protein
 Vitamins
 Minerals
 Water
Types of Carbs
 Carbohydrates can be broken down into three categories:
 Simple Carbs (Sugars)
 Complex Carbs (Starches)
 Fiber (a form of complex carb)
Simple- Sugars
 Simple carbohydrates are also called sugars. These are broken down and digested very quickly.
 Examples include: table sugar, fruit, fruit juice, sugary drinks, milk
Complex- Starches
 Complex carbohydrates are also called starches. These take longer to digest and
provide sustained energy.
 Examples include: whole grains, cereal products, dried beans, rice, pasta
Carbohydrates (Carbs)
 Complex carbohydrates break down into simple
sugars in the digestion process
 The primary function of Carbohydrates is to provide
energy.
 Carbohydrates provide 4 calories per gram.
Types of Sugar
11. Label the Wheat Kernel below:
A.__ENDOSPERM___
Provides:
Starch
Protein
B. __GERM___
Provides:
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
“B” Vitamins
Vitamin E
Iron
Zinc
Other Trace Minerals
C. __Bran___
Provides:
Fiber
Vitamins
Minerals
Fiber
 Fiber is a form of complex carbohydrate
 Fiber, also known as roughage or cellulose, attracts water to our
intestines and moves food through the intestines faster.
Fiber
 Fiber helps to keep bowel movements soft in form and reduces
problems related to constipation.
 Non-digestible fiber is also known as cellulose. It is found in foods
such as wheat bran, whole grains and nuts
 It is important to drink plenty of liquids, otherwise fiber can slow
down or even block normal bowel function.
Fiber and Cancer
 The National Cancer Institute recommends 20-35 grams of daily
fiber.
 Fiber may reduce the risks of diverticulosis, colon and rectal
cancer.
 It is important to drink plenty of liquids, otherwise fiber can slow
down or even block normal bowel function.
Fiber
 Foods high in fiber: fruits and vegetables (especially the
skins or peels), whole grains, legumes, bran cereals, dry
beans, nuts, split peas and lentils
 To increase the bulk in low-fiber foods use whole grains,
ie: brown rice instead of white, whole wheat flour, flax
seed
Types of rice
Brown
Instant
Long grain
Short grain
The whole grain form of
rice
Precooked and then
dehydrated
Stays dry and fluffy
Sticks together and is also
known as “sticky rice”
Rice cooking method
 Method 1: Bring water to a boil, add rice, cover the pan and reduce
heat to a simmer
 Method 2: Place rice and water in pan, bring all ingredients to a
boil, cover pan and reduce heat to simmer
 Do not remove the lid while rice is cooking
 One cup of uncooked rice makes three cups of cooked rice (Ratio is
1:3)
Pasta
 Pasta dishes are usually low cost entrees
 Store dry pasta in a tightly covered container at
room temperature. Fresh or cooked pasta
should be stored in a closed container in the
refrigerator
Pasta cooking method
 Bring water to a boil
 Slowly add pasta so the boiling does not stop
 Cook uncovered until pasta is al dente
(firm to the tooth), stirring occasionally
 One cup of uncooked pasta makes two cups of cooked pasta.
(Ratio is 1:2)
Carbohydrates (Carbs)
 We get most of our carbs from the grains
group.
 Almost all of our carbohydrates come
from plant food sources.