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Adenike O. Alaga, MPH student
Walden University
PUBH 6165-1
DR. Eve Clute
Fall, 2011
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General public
Parents of infants and very young children
Elderly and those caring for them
Those who are immunosuppressed due such
diseases as HIV/AIDS.
U.S. department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Bad Bug Book: Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural
Toxins Handbook. Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/food/foodsafety/foodborneillness/foodborneillnessfoodbornepatho... on 9/16/2011
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Motile bacterium
Rod-shaped
Non-sporeforming
Gram negative
Causes Salmonellosis
Over 2,500 types and serotypes
World Health Organization (2005). Drug-resistant Salmonella. Fact sheet 139. Retrieved from
http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs139/en/ on 09/19/2011
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Bad bug book: Pathogenic Microorganisms and natural toxins handbook- Salmonella spp. Retrieved from
http://www.fda.gov/food/foodsafety/foodborneillness/foodborneillnessfoodbornepatho on 09/16/2011
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Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella
Enteriditis are most important serotypes of
salmonella that cause transmission of
salmonellosis from animals to humans.
World Health Organization (2005). Drug-resistant Salmonella, Fact sheet 139. Retrieved from
http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs139/en/ on 9/19/2011
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Warm and cold blooded animals
Chickens
swine
Rodents
Dogs
Humans
Clark, M.(2005-2011). Salmonella Litigation: A Resource for Salmonella outbreak legal cases. Retrieved from
http://www.salmonellalitigation.com/salmonella_vehicles/view/category/person-to-person/
Todar, M.(2009). The Microbial World: Lectures in microbiology: Salmonella and Salmonellosis. Retrieved from
http://textbookofbacteriology.net/themicrobialworld/salmonella.html
Vermont Department of Health: Agency of Human Services. (2005). Salmonella. Retrieved from
http://healthvermont.gov/prevent/salmonella/salmonella.aspx#five
World Health Organization(2005). Drug-resistant Salmonella, Fact sheet 139. Retrieved from Http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs139/en/ on
9/19/2011
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meats
Eggs
Poultry
Swine & frog leg
Unpasteurized milk & milk products
Yeast
Fish and shrimp
Cake mix
Peanut better
Salad dressing & sauces
Desserts with cream fillings & topping
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Soil
Insects
Water
Animal feces
Factory surfaces
Raw poultry
Raw seafood
Raw meat
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Poor food handling
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Contaminated food
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Contaminated water
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Fever
Stomach pain & cramps
Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhea
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More chronic consequences such as arthritic
symptoms can show up 3 to 4 weeks
following the unset of acute symptoms.
Salmonella can cause blood stream infection
known as Sepsis, which is severe and again
life threatening if proper treatment with
antibiotics and fluids are not initiated
promptly.
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Stool culture to identify serology
Followed by treatment with antimicrobials
that can be administered orally or by
intravenous injections.
World Health Organization(2005). Drug-resistant Salmonella, Fact sheet 139. Retrieved from
Http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs139/en/ on 9/19/2011
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For adults:
Fluoroquinolones
For children:
Cephalosporins
Alternative choices:
Chloramphenicol
Ampicillin
Amoxicillin
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
World Health Organization(2005). Drug-resistant Salmonella, Fact sheet 139. Retrieved from
Http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs139/en/ on 9/19/2011
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Eggs/meats/poultry
Keep refrigerated, at less than or equal to 4
degrees Celsius. Only buy from stores that do
the same.
Clean food surface contact areas with soap
and water, then disinfect using sanitizing
agents such as bleach.
Wash hands with soap and water after
handling raw meat, egg, or poultry
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Cook meat, poultry and eggs thoroughly, eat
them in a timely manner, and refrigerate any
uncooked or left over portions promptly.
When dinning out in restaurants, avoid foods
made with eggs that are unpasteurized or
uncooked, and meats that have not been
thoroughly cooked.
Infants, young children, elderly and those with
immunosuppressive illnesses especially should
not eat any kind of raw and uncooked meats or
eggs.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(2011). Tips to reduce your risk of salmonella from eggs. Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/features/salmonellaeggs/ on 9/19/2011
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Cleanse raw vegetables as best as possible,
removing any visible dirt and soil.
When in doubt about water; whether because
of color, taste, odor, or source don’t drink it.
Its always better to be safe than sorry.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(2011). Tips to reduce your risk of salmonella from eggs. Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/features/salmonellaeggs/ on 9/19/2011
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Wash hands
Wash food thoroughly
Wash utensils and surfaces
Cook thoroughly
Eat food in timely fashion
Refrigerate promptly
If it looks or smells suspicious don’t eat it
Alaga, A.(2011). Foodborne illness and pesticide residues. Originally written on 09/22/2011
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Tips to reduce your risk of salmonella from eggs. Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/features/salmonellaeggs/ on 9/19/2011
Clark, M.(2005-2011). Salmonella Litigation: A resource for salmonella outbreak legal cases. Retrieved from
http://www.salmonellalitigation.com/salmonella_vehicles/view/category/person-to-person/
Todar, M.(2009). The microbial world: Lectures in microbiology: Salmonella and Salmonellosis. Retrieved from
http://textbookofbacteriology.net/themicrobialworld/salmonella.html
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (U.S. Food and Drug administration). Bad Bug Book- salmonella spp. Retrieved from
http://www.fda.gov/food/foodsafety/foodborneillness/foodborneillnessfoodbornepatho... on 9/16/2011
Vermont Department of Health: Agency of Human Services.(2005). Salmonella. Retrieved from
http://healthvermont.gov/prevent/salmonella/salmonella.aspx#five
World Health Organization (2005). Drug-resistant Salmonella. Fact sheet 139. Retrieved from
http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs139/en/ on 09/19/2011
For more reading and information on the subject of Salmonella and Salmonellosis please
visit the following websites:
www.cdc.gov
www.fda.gov
www.who.int
Your local health department would also be an excellent source of information on
salmonella and salmonellosis infection.