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Transcript
E951 POWER SUPPLY
SAFETY REVIEW
9/06/02
IOANNIS MARNERIS
Brookhaven National Labs.
Project Goals
• The project goal is to pulse a magnet with 15 cm
diameter bore, capable of a peak field near 15 T
and a repetition rate of about 30 minutes.
• Provisions are made to pulse first to 5 T, then 10 T
and then 15 T.
• To do this we will use 4 existing SCR type dc
power supplies from the experimental area in
series-parallel connection.
• Each power supply is rated at 3600 Adc, +/- 150 V
Parameters of the Pulse Magnet
System with 1 sec flat top
Units
Outer radius
(cm)
Copper mass
(kg)
Voltage
(V)
Peak current
(A)
Field
(T)
Inductance
(mH)
Initial temperature
(K)
Time t1, to end of flat tap (s)
Pulse length, tp
(s)
Initial Resistance (mOhms)
Resistance at t1, (mOhms)
Resistance at tp, (mOhms)
Dissipation at tp,
(MJ)
Case 1
30.0
1943
150
3600
5.0
138
84
8.2
11.1
30.2
34.1
34.1
2.70
Case 2
30.0
1943
300
7200
10.0
138
74
7.3
10.1
23.5
35.3
37.2
9.1
Case 3
40.0
3644
300
7200
14.5
436
30
16.3
24.1
11.0
33.0
38.2
15.2
Performance of the 5T magnet
with case 1 power supply
84 K Magnet Pulsed at 150 V to 3.6 kA, 5 T with 1-sec. Flat Top
40
200
36
160
Voltage
120
28
80
24
40
20
0
16
-40
12
-80
8
-120
4
0
-160
Current
0
2
4
6
Time from start of pulse [s]
8
10
-200
Power-supply voltage [V]
Current [kA] and Resistance [m]
Resistance
32
Performance of the 10T magnet
with case 2,3 power supply
74 K Magnet Pulsed at 300 V to 7.2 kA, 10 T with 1-sec. Flat Top
40
500
36
400
Resistance
32
300
28
200
24
100
20
0
16
-100
12
-200
8
-300
Current
4
0
-400
0
2
4
6
Time from start of pulse [s]
8
-500
10
Power-supply voltage [V]
Current [kA] and Resistance [m]
Voltage
Performance of the 15T magnet
with case 2,3 power supply
30 K Magnet Pulsed at 300 V to 7.2 kA, 14.5 T with 1-sec. Flat Top
40
500
36
400
Voltage
300
28
200
24
100
Resistance
20
0
16
-100
12
-200
8
-300
Current
4
0
-400
0
4
8
12
16
Time from start of pulse [s]
20
-500
24
Power-supply voltage [V]
Current [kA] and Resistance [m]
32
Case 1 power supply
• 540 KVA power supply rated at 3600 A, +/-150 V
• Thyristor-control six-pulse rectifier, available at Brookhaven Labs
from previous experiments. (Model Meeker #431)
• The power supply is presently configured as DC power supply
• We need a new regulator to be able to pulse it, based on the existing
design for the AGS Main magnet power supply.
• The controls and interlocks of the power supply must be updated.
• New direct current potential transformer (DCPT).
• New crowbar circuit to absorb magnet stored energy.
• Similar upgrades have been made during the Booster project with great
success.
Case 1 power supply
regulator
CURRENT REF.
1V=750A
+
VOLTAGE REF.
1V=20 V
+
-
+
-
+
MAGNET CURRENT
FC
MOD. 1
3600 A,
150 V
-
PT
L=0.138 Henries
Rm ax=0.038 Ohm s
DCCT
Case 2,3 power supply
• Four series-parallel, 540 KVA power supplies rated at 3600 A, +/-150
V each, Total rating 7200A, +/-300V.
• Thyristor-control six-pulse rectifiers, available at Brookhaven Labs
from previous experiments. (Model Meeker #431, in parallel with #
433, and #429, in parallel with # 432, )
• The power supplies are presently configured as DC power supplies.
• We need a new regulator to be able to pulse it,based on the existing
design for the AGS Main magnet power supply.
• The controls and interlocks of the power supply must be updated.
• New direct current potential transformer (DCPT).
• New direct current current transformer (DCCT).
• New crowbar circuit to absorb magnet stored energy.
• Similar upgrades have been made during the Booster project with great
success.
Case 2,3 power supply
regulator
1V=20V
-
FC
MOD. 3
3600 A,
150 V
P
T
MOD. 1
3600 A,
150 V
FC
+
1V=20V
+
+
MOD. 2
3600 A,
150 V
+
+
+
-
+
-
FC
DCCT
VOLTAGE
REF.1V=40V
+
L=0.45 Henries
P
T
CURRENT REF.
1V=750A
-
MAGNET
CURRENT
FC
+
Rmax=0.038 Ohms
MOD. 4
3600 A,
150 V
More power supply
details
• The 3-phase, 480-V input power to each supply will be fed from new,
lockable disconnect switches.
• Each switch will be fed from an existing AC circuit breakers in an
existing substation.
• Two parallel power supplies (MOD 1 and MOD 2) will be fed from the
same existing substation and the other two (MOD 3 and MOD 4) from
a different existing substation.
• The power supply will be fully programmable from 0 to 7200A. It will
have two voltage regulators as the inner loops and a current regulator
as the outer loop.
• The anticipated overall bus resistance should not exceed 1 m. 1 1/4
water cooled buss will be used we already have.
• All the old interlocks will be updated using an Allen Bradley
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC).
• Minimum repetition rate for case1 magnet is 5 minutes, for case 2
magnet is 20 minutes, for case 3 magnet 30 minutes.
AC one line diagrams
Controls rack layout
PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLER
SLC 504 AND I/O MODULES
BY ALLEN BRADLEY
READY PANEL TERMINAL
600 TO MONITOR
INTERLOCKS
BY ALEN BRADLEY
BNC SIGNALS
OFF STBY ON LOCAL CONTROLS
2 VOLTAGE REGULATORS (1 BOARD)
1 CURRENT REGULATOR BOARD
1 DRIVER/LINEARIZATION BOARD
1 BUFFER BOARD
1 POWER SUPPLY BOARD
PSI, VREF. MOD1,2
VREF. MOD3,4
PSI, IREF.
CPU V108
V102
T
I
M
I
N
G
WFG
VREF.
M OD
1,2,
3,4
WFG
IREF.
Power supply interlocks
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
DC overcurrent
RMS magnet current interlock
AC overcurrent
Blower failure
Ground Fault
Magnet faults
Magnet resistance interlock.
Cryo interlocks
Doors are open
SCR overtemperature
SCR failure
Power supply cubicle overtemperature
Soft start overload
Bus water flow and overtemperature
Power supply layout
Power supplies picture 1
Power supplies picture 2
Power supplies picture 3
Power supplies picture 4