* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Download Basic Entomology
Document related concepts
Important Insect Orders •Depending upon which textbook you use, there are 25-30 Insect Orders •A few less common Orders are not listed •A few more common Orders are listed •Those I expect you to know have ** CLASSIFICATION CATEGORIES Kingdom: Animal Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Family: Scolytidae Genus: Dendroctonus Species: frontalis Scientific name: Dendroconus frontalis Common name: Southern pine beetle Collembola Springtails ** Order Ephemeroptera - Mayflies “short-lived wings” ** Order Odonata Dragonflies and Damselflies Order Plecoptera - stoneflies ** Order Dictyoptera: cockroaches, praying mantids and termites Preying Mantid Termite workers and damage to wooden structure Termite queen and workers ** Order Orthoptera: grasshoppers Order Dermaptera: earwigs Order Psocoptera: booklice, barklice Gradual Metamorphosis Psocoptera web covering oak tree ** Order Hemiptera: These are the true bugs, Cicadas, aphids, scales and spittlebugs Gradual Metamorphosis Hemiptera Leaf footed bug Periodical Cicada: 13 yr Asian Woolly Hackberry Aphid Order Thysanoptera: Thrips “fringe wing” Order Phthiraptera: These are the chewing and sucking lice. Tend to be parasites on other animals. Bird louse Head Louse Pubic Louse Order Neuroptera: Lacewings “nerve wing” ** Order Coleoptera: Beetles “sheath wing” Goliath beetles Order Mecoptera: Scorpionflies “long wing” Order Trichoptera: Caddisflies “hair wing” Caddisfly cases ** Order Lepidoptera: Moths & Butterflies “scale wing” ** Order Hymenoptera: Bees, Wasps, Ants & Sawflies “membrane wing” Killer bees are Hymenoptera Sawflies are Hymenoptera adult larva ** Order Diptera: True Flies “two wing” ** Order Siphonaptera: Fleas “tube without wing” Questions to answer for Basic Entomology: 1) What are the major characteristics of the phylum Arthropoda? What are the basic differences that separate the Chelicerata and Mandibulata? 2) Why are arachnids important? 3) What is the most basic type of insect mouthparts? List the other specialized types of mouthparts and give examples of insects that have each type. 4) What morphological characteristics separate the class Insecta from other members of the phylum Arthropoda? 5) What are tagma? 6) How does the insect respiratory system differ from that of humans? 7) What is the primary function of the insect brain? How does that differ from humans? 8) What is metamorphosis? List the four basic types of metamorphosis, with an example of an insect group that has each type. 9) Why do you think entomologists believe the development of complete metamorphosis was so important? 10) Define the terms, Instar and generation. 11) What are the basic characteristics of the orders, Collembola, Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Dictyoptera, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Thysanoptera, Coleoptera, Neuroptera, Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera?