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Intro to Landscaping
Identify the purpose of landscape design
Describe the scope of landscape construction
Recognize the need for landscape maintenance
 Landscaping is part of the ornamental horticulture
 So what does that mean????
 The ornamental industry – using plants & other
materials for decorative purposes
 It combines 2 aspects
1. Art
2. Science of growing plants
Also this industry is also know as the “Green Industry”
Hardscapes –
They are the physical features
Includes – fences, terraces,
retaining walls, patios, walks,
drives, lighting, irrigation, &
water features
Landscaping –
An industry that focuses on
the beautification of outdoor
terrain with some interior
Landscaping begins with 2
1. Sculpting the soil
2. Natural lay of the land
Landscaping includes trees,
shrubs, vines, ground cover,
& flowers
4 things to achieve an attractive landscape.
1. Planning
2. Proper Construction
3. Techniques
4. Regular Maintenance
The biggest challenge for a landscape designer is
To determine which is the best method to beautify
the land
The climate
The house
Buildings & other physical structures
Intended use of the property
The clients wants
 40.4 billion dollars were spent in the US on
Aesthetic Value –
The beauty of the landscape
Plants in the landscape can convey, warmth,
protection, & comfort
Landscaping can add as much as 15% to the
resale value of a home
Well placed trees can cut cooling cost by
Landscape Design
 Purpose to create a plan to make
the best use of available space in
the most attractive way
2 main purposes when designing
plans for a home or building
1. Show off the home or building to
its best advantage
2. Create both attractive & useful
setting for inhabitants
Professions in Landscape
 Landscape Architect –
Trained in engineering, graphic arts, & architectural technology
Based on interrelationship of humans & their surroundings
Used on large projects – parks, golf courses, buildings etc.
Must have a state license to practice their work
 Landscape designer –
Trained in the art of design & science of growing horticultural
Primarily works with residential homes designs and small
commercial sites
Must have an associates or bachelors degree in horticulture
Professions in Landscaping
Landscape Contractor –
Hired to install the landscape – preforms the construction of
the project
Landscape Construction –
Involves the installation of materials identified in the
landscape design.
Landscape Supervisor The crew chief -Has responsibility for the construction crew – works
with management and crew (the middle guy)
Landscape Maintenance –
Taking the care of landscape materials after installation
Mowing grass, fertilizing land & plants, applying pesticides, planting
and weeding flower beds, removing leaves, applying mulch.