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Intro to Landscaping OBJECTIVES Identify the purpose of landscape design Describe the scope of landscape construction Recognize the need for landscape maintenance LandscapingTerminology Landscaping is part of the ornamental horticulture industry. So what does that mean???? The ornamental industry – using plants & other materials for decorative purposes It combines 2 aspects 1. Art 2. Science of growing plants Also this industry is also know as the “Green Industry” Terminology Hardscapes – They are the physical features Includes – fences, terraces, retaining walls, patios, walks, drives, lighting, irrigation, & water features Terminology Landscaping – An industry that focuses on the beautification of outdoor terrain with some interior settings. Landscaping begins with 2 things. 1. Sculpting the soil 2. Natural lay of the land Landscaping includes trees, shrubs, vines, ground cover, & flowers LANDSCAPING 4 things to achieve an attractive landscape. 1. Planning 2. Proper Construction 3. Techniques 4. Regular Maintenance The biggest challenge for a landscape designer is To determine which is the best method to beautify the land 6 FACTORS THAT INFLUENCES LANDSCAPING 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Terrain The climate The house Buildings & other physical structures Intended use of the property The clients wants 40.4 billion dollars were spent in the US on landscaping Aesthetic Value – The beauty of the landscape Plants in the landscape can convey, warmth, protection, & comfort Landscaping can add as much as 15% to the resale value of a home Well placed trees can cut cooling cost by 20% Landscape Design Purpose to create a plan to make the best use of available space in the most attractive way 2 main purposes when designing plans for a home or building 1. Show off the home or building to its best advantage 2. Create both attractive & useful setting for inhabitants Professions in Landscape Landscape Architect – Trained in engineering, graphic arts, & architectural technology Based on interrelationship of humans & their surroundings Used on large projects – parks, golf courses, buildings etc. Must have a state license to practice their work Landscape designer – Trained in the art of design & science of growing horticultural plants. Primarily works with residential homes designs and small commercial sites Must have an associates or bachelors degree in horticulture Professions in Landscaping Landscape Contractor – Hired to install the landscape – preforms the construction of the project Landscape Construction – Involves the installation of materials identified in the landscape design. Landscape Supervisor The crew chief -Has responsibility for the construction crew – works with management and crew (the middle guy) Landscape Maintenance – Taking the care of landscape materials after installation Mowing grass, fertilizing land & plants, applying pesticides, planting and weeding flower beds, removing leaves, applying mulch.