Introduction to Earthquake Engineering and Seismic Codes
... tapial (cast-in-place mud construction, the left of Fig.1.10), unreinforced brick masonry (the
right of Fig.1.10), unreinforced stone masonry, etc.
Even in Japan, many old wooden houses may be classified as non-engineered buildings,
which do not satisfy current seismic regulations, e.g. necessary am ...