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8th GRADE FUNCTIONS OF ART IN AMERICA What purpose does art serve? FUNCTIONS OF ART LIST AS MANY AS POSSIBLE There are many purposes or function of art… THE FOLLOWING ARE 3 GENERAL FUNCTIONS What Are the Functions of Art in America? By Daniel Ketchum, eHow Contributor updated: August 23, 2010 aesthetically pleasing commercially profitable culturally enlightening What Are the Functions of Art in America? By Daniel Ketchum, eHow Contributor updated: August 23, 2010 • Art is aesthetically pleasing, giving simple enjoyment to many people. • Art is commercially profitable, providing a way for businesses to relate to their customers and market their goods. • Art is culturally enlightening, reflecting the times of the people who created it. Aesthetic Value • Pure aesthetic value is one of the most significant functions of art in American society. • Artists like Gilbert Stuart, Ansel Adams, Andy Warhol and Jackson Pollock created works that have brought pleasure to millions. • Art can profoundly affect people, with each person bringing his own experiences and point of view. • Art makes people think, considering concepts they may not have thought about before. Art can cause the viewer to ask questions about all kinds of things – life, death, love, etc. Crack the Whip, Winslow Homer 1800s - REALISM Lord, Heal the Child, Thomas Hart Benton (1934) REGIONALISM Andy Warhol POP ART Reflecting Culture • Art in America has often been a reflection of the times in which the artists lived. • Great American art is often born out of the struggles of Americans during times of transition, as well as the crises and social changes of society. • Specifically, artistic influences in the United States can be seen through the movements that were born out of uniquely American experiences. – The horrors of the Civil War as reflected in the work of Mathew Brady was one of the first attempts to use the photographic arts to influence public opinion. – The artists of the Depression-era Works Progress Administration created art across America designed to bring hope to the masses. American Civil War, 1860-1865 Work of Mathew Brady was one of the first attempts to use the photographic arts to influence public opinion Dorothea Lange Migrant Mother; Nipomo, California 1936 Commercial and Political Art Art has been used in political and commercial campaigns • Consider the Uncle Sam artwork used in propaganda in WWI, or the WWII work of Norman Rockwell encouraging Americans to buy war bonds. • There was also the iconic image of Rosy the Riveter that showcased the changing roles of women during WWII. • In commercial applications, artwork has been used to sell products or promote services. • Even people who don't visit art galleries or museums often are exposed to American masters and movements through commercial campaigns. Functions of Art in America • Aesthetically pleasing, giving simple enjoyment to many people. • Commercially profitable, providing a way for businesses to relate to their customers and market their goods. • Culturally enlightening, reflecting the times of the people who created it. Blizzard Bag #3 Quiz & Reflection On a piece of paper (lined or blank) do the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. List the 3 general functions of art in America Define each function of art Give an example of each function Write a short response (at least 2 sentences) to these questions: Why do I make art? What purpose does art serve in my life?