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The Truth About Drugs
• I will investigate the use of and consequences of illegal drugs.
• 9.ATOD1.1 I will explain the short-term and long term effects of performance enhancing
drugs on health and eligibility to participate in sports
• 9.ATOD 1.2 I will analyze the role of family, community, and cultural norms in deciding to use
alcohol, tobacco and other drugs
• 9.ATOD 1.3 I will contrast prescription medicines, nonprescription medicines, and illegal
substances in terms of their use and abuse
• 9.ATOD 1.4 I will summarize the risks of IV drug use, including blood borne diseases
• 9.ATOD1.5 I will predict the effects of substance abuse on other people as well as society as
a whole.
• I will create an anti-drug campaign, which demonstrates knowledge of the use and effects of
illegal drugs.
Read & Reflect
Why are some teens using drugs? Why do many teens choose to abstain
from drug use?
What are the consequences to drug use?
Compare the drug culture of the past to today and predict the impact on
future generations?
What is a Drug?
A medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect
when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body.
Physiology – the branch of biology dealing with the functions and
activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and
chemical processes.
Examples of physiological effects – increased/decreased heart rate,
increased sweat rate, decreased breathing rate
•Change the way a person perceives the world
•Hallucinogens affect all the senses, altering a person’s
thinking, sense of time, and emotions
•Cause a person to hallucinate—seeing or hearing
things that do not exist or are distorted
LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide)
 small tablets (“microdots”)
capsules or gelatin squares (“window panes”)
small absorbent square paper decorated with designs or cartoon
characters (“loony toons”)
Physical Effects
Dilated Pupils
Higher or lower body temp
Sweating or chills
Loss of appetite
Dry Mouth
Mental Effects
Visuals hallucinations
An artificial sense of euphoria or certainty
Distortion of one’s sense of time and identity
Impaired depth perception
Severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings
Panic attacks
Severe depression or psychosis
Flashbacks of the LSD trip, often without warning long after taking LSD
• Marijuana displays qualities of a
stimulant, depressant, and hallucinogen
Marijuana: Effects on the body
Short Term Effects
•Loss of coordination
•Distortion of vision and hearing
•Redness of the eyes
•Increased appetite
•Increased heart rate
•Impaired school performance
•Lessened ability to solve problems
Marijuana: Effects on the body
Long Term Effects
Psychotic symptoms
Lung damage
Heart damage
Weakened immune system
Reduction of male sex hormones
Reduced sexual capacity
•A class of drugs that elevates mood, increases
feelings of well-being, and increases energy and
Crystal Meth
Cocaine/Crack Cocaine
Cocaine: Effects on the body
Short term Effects
• Loss of appetite
• Increased HR, BP, Body Temp
• Constricted blood vessels
• Disturbed sleep patterns
• Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
• Tactile hallucination that creates the illusion of bugs burrowing
under the skin
• Convulsions
• Anxiety and Paranoia
Cocaine: Effects on the body
Long term effects
Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain
High BP – Heart Attacks, Strokes, Death
Liver, Kidney and Lung Damage
Sexual Problems, Reproductive Damage, Infertility
Severe Depression
Crack Cocaine
Crack Cocaine
The crystal form of cocaine
Heated and smoked
Most potent form of cocaine – 75-100% pure cocaine
Smoking – allows it to reach the brain more quickly
An abuser can become addicted after his or her first time trying crack
Most powerful illegal drug – tolerance & psychological dependence
develop quickly
Ecstasy and Molly
Ecstasy and Molly
Effects similar to hallucinogens and stimulants
Can lead to: Depression, Extreme dehydration, Heart or kidney failure
What is called Ecstasy today can contain a wide mixture of substances –
LSD, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine and methamphetamine, rat poison,
caffeine, dog deworming substances, etc.
Crystal Meth
Main ingredients:
Drano, brake fluid, rubbing
alcohol, lighter fluid, battery
acid, Sudafed, Ammonia,
Paint thinner
Crystal Meth
Short-Term Effects
Loss of appetite
Increased HR, BP, Body Temp
Hallucinations, Hyper-excitability, Irritability
Intense itching – a user can become convinced that bugs are crawling
under his or her skin
Crystal Meth
Long-Term Effects
Brain Damage
High BP – Heart Attacks, Strokes, Death
Liver, Kidney, and Lung Damage
Potential for self-mutilation
•Inhalants are substances that produce chemical vapors
•Inhaled to induce a psychoactive, or mind-altering effect
similar to alcohol use
•“Sniffing” – chemical vapors inhaled directly from open
•“Huffing” – Fumes breathed from rags soaked in
• Can cause damage to the heart,
kidneys, brain, liver, bone marrow,
lungs and immune system
• Starve the body of oxygen and force
the heart to beat irregularly and more
• Users can lose their sense of hearing
and smell
• Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome –
death can occur the first time or the
100th time an inhalant is used
•Reduce pain and create a state of well-being
•Derived naturally from the seedpods of the opium poppy
•Change the chemistry of the brain: they decrease the
perception of pain
Extremely Painful
Aches and pains in the bones, Diarrhea, Vomiting, and
Severe Discomfort
The Harmful Effects of IV Drug Use:
Risk of HIV transmission and other blood borne
diseases (Hep B & Hep C)
Scarred and/or collapsed veins
Infections of the blood vessels
•Synthetic substances made similar to the male hormone,
•Can be swallowed as a pill or injected as a liquid
•Small doses can be prescribed for medical reasons
•Most commonly used by male athletes
Steroids: Effects on the body
Short Term Effects
•High blood pressure
•Swelling of the soft tissue
•Excessive hair growth
•Oily skin/ acne
Long Term Effects
•Stunted growth
•Abnormal sexual development
•Increased risk of cancer, heart disease, and liver
OTC & Prescription Medicine
•Today is the highest percentage ever recorded of teens
abusing over the counter drugs
•Common prescription medicines abused include
OxyContin, Ritalin, and Vicodin
•OTC drugs can be harmful, even deadly, when used in
•OTC and prescription drugs are addictive
•Every day, 6,600 Americans abuse prescription drugs
for the first time…1/3 of these Americans are teenagers
Prescription/ Over the Counter Drugs
Effects on body
Short Term Effects
•Separation from family and friends
•Bleeding in the stomach
Long Term Effects
•Liver damage
•Brain damage
•Death by overdose
Quick Write
Your friend is beginning to experiment with drugs. He told you that drugs are “not that big of a deal”
and make him relax and forget his worries.
Write a letter to him including the following information:
•Name of drug that your friend is using
•3 or more short term effects and 3 or more long term effects
•How the drug can impact aspects of his life
•Other ways he can relax and forget about his worries
Note: Choose drug different than the one you chose for your STEM project.
Topic sentence
Transition words (First, In addition, Lastly)
Facts and Details
Concluding Sentence