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Transcript
DIREZIONE DIDATTICA “LUIGI CAPUANA”
ARAGONA
BASIL
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (vascular plants)
Division: Magnoliophyta (formerly Angiospermae)
Class: Magnoliopsida (formerly Dicotyledones)
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genre: Ocimum
The legendary Basil belongs to the genus Ocimum and the family Labiatae.
It 'a plant native to tropical Asia through the Middle East has become widespread in Europe,
particularly Italy and southern France and these countries throughout Europe. America began to spread
with the first shipment because, being considered a medicinal plant, always with the travelers.
Its name derives from the greek "royal plant Basilikos =" name given for his goodness as a herb.
It 'a herbaceous annual plant that has the erect stems that can reach a height of 60 cm.
The leaves of basil are equipped with petiole, oval lanceolate, very variable in size depending on the
species as well as the color varies from deep green to dark green to violet or purple depending on
variety. The leaves are rich in essential oils that give the characteristic aroma.
COURGETTE "SNAKE"
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genre: Cucurbita
Species: Cucurbita maxima Duch. - Cucurbita moschata Duch. - Cucurbita pepo L. - Cucurbita
melanosperma.
The plant is monoecious annual vine. It is native of hot countries and then demanding in terms of
temperature. Several species are cultivated. They are distinguished by some botanical characters,
including the shape and thickness of the fruit and seed.
In botany, they are divided into four species: Cucurbita maxima - Cucurbita moschata - Cucurbita pepo
- Cucurbita melanosperma.
In practice it is distinguished from zucchini and pumpkins pumpkins from winter.
The pumpkin squash belongs to the species Cucurbita pepo L.: has bushy habit and goes under the
common name of "Pumpkin of Italy" or "Cocuzzella of Naples." Consume the fruits of it is very
tender, newly formed. They are also used when the male flowers are still in bud and are excellent
fried.The Gourds from winter to climbing trees belong to the species Cucurbita maxima Duch. and
Cucurbita moschata Duch .. The first has spherical fruits sometimes huge, variously colored skin,
yellow flesh, sweet. To this species belong the gourds features "turban".
Cucurbita maxima differs from nutmeg to have elongated fruit, oblong or cylindrical, more or less
curved at the apex, consisting of yellow orange flesh
PURSLANE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Portulacaceae
Kind: Portulaca
The genus Portulaca (Portulaca, L. 1753) brings together some of the species of the family
Portulacaceae. The estimated number of species belonging to this genus is around 40 for the wild and
up to 100 including the various cultivars. Includes plants that are found in tropical and temperate
regions.
In some areas of its distribution is such that it regarded as pest species.
The Portulaca oleracea is considered a plant used in both edible and lettuce salad, or cooked and
accompanied with fried foods because of its sour taste.
Some species of Portulaca are the food of the larvae of some Lepidoptera species such as Discestra and
Hadula trifolii trifolii.
It is commonly called "Porcelain", but it is also known by a variety of specific vernacular names in
different Italian regions.
JASMINE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom: Plant
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae
Genre Jasminum
Jasminum is a genus of plants (which includes several species of jasmine) belonging to the family
Oleaceae.
It includes about 200 species of shrubs and climbing plants up to 4-6 meters high, including the best
known and cultivated as ornamental plants are the common jasmine (Jasminum officinale), Spanish
Jasmine (Jasminum grandiflorum), J. azoricum and J. polyanthum; species in rustic yellow flower and
bloom in late winter on bare branches, are the J. nudiflorum and J. primulinum.
The flowers are small and usually white, but there are also species whose flowers are shades of pink on
the underside of the petals.
OLIVE TREE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom: Plant
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae
Genre: Olea
The olive tree and olive tree (Olea europaea L.) is a fruit plant. Native to the Near East, is used since
antiquity for food. Its fruits, olives are used for oil extraction and, to a lesser extent, for direct use in
food. Because of the bitter taste due to the polyphenol content, the use of olives as fruit feeding,
however, requires specific treatments aimed at deamaricazione (reduction of the bitter principles),
made with various methods.
ALMOND TREE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae
Subfamily Prunoideae
Genre Pruns
It is a small tree up to 5 meters high; has tap root and stem at first straight and smooth and gray, then
twisted, cracked and dark leaves, up to 12 cm long, are lanceolate and petiolate, flowers, white or rose
slightly and with a diameter up to 5 cm have 5 sepals, 5 petals, 40 stamens (arranged in three whorls)
and a pistil with ovary semi-inferior. The flowers usually bloom in early spring, and where the climate
is mild, even in January and February.
The plant is grown primarily for its seed, almond. Of some almond varieties are also used wood and
endocarp which, reduced to ashes, are exploited in the industry of soap and washing.
CAROB TREE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae
Genre Ceratonia
The genus of the family Fabaceae Ceratoniaappartiene. The only species of the genus is Italian
Ceratonia siliqua L., evergreen tree, with stout crown expanded, branched at the top and known as
carob.
The use of the fruit of Ceratonia in the Mediterranean area is designed especially for animal feed
(especially horses), and sometimes even for humans. In areas of high production, the fruits are used for
the distillation of ethyl alcohol and, in the form of preparation similar to flour, as a basis for
preparation of some sweet specialties.
In countries Iblei, so you may find the taste of carob ice cream, cookies made with carob flour and
carob candies, which are cooked in sugar syrup and carob.
FIG TREE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Urticales
Family Moraceae
Genre Ficus
The common fig (Ficus carica L.) is a plant xerophilous subtropical temperate climates, belonging to
the family Moraceae. It represents the kind of Nordic speciepiù Ficus, produces the fruit commonly
known as fig.
It is a tree that branched from the trunk short and can reach heights of 6 to 10 m. The bark is finely
wrinkled and ashy-gray, the branches are full of sharp bone with terminal buds covered by two scales
green, or brownish.
The leaves are large, rough, oblong, coarsely lobed to 3-5 lobes, dark green on top, lighter and covered
with a light down on the bottom.
What is commonly considered the fruit of the fig is actually a large infructescence fleshy, pear-shaped,
rich in sugars at maturity, that vary in color from green to siconiodi reddish to bluish-purple, hollow,
within which are enclosed in the flowers unisexual, very small, a small apical opening, said ostiolo,
allows the entry of wasps pollinators, the true fruits, which develop within the inflorescence (which
thus becomes an infructescence) are numerous small achenes. The pulp surrounding the small achenes
is succulent and sweet, and is the edible part.
PLUMERIA
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Gentianales
Family Apocjnaceae
Genre Plumeria
PlumeriaFrangipani (Plumeria L.) is kind of Apocynaceae, a native of tropical America, from Mexico
to Venezuela and the Caribbean, spread to most countries in tropical or sub-tropical shrubs or small
trees of considerable size, with leaves deciduous or persistent, fleshy stem that becomes woody
initially with time, not many fleshy branches, leaves large, lanceolate, oblong, pointed, green, more or
less intense depending on the species, similar to oleander flowers and fragrant, large, meeting peaks
terminals, also bearing fifty flowers with 5-7 petals, white, cream, pink, red and yellow, tinged with
various colors in the center.
The various species of plumeria are used as ornamental plants for the full summer bloom, grown in
pots on balconies to tree, in Italy there is a widespread species P. rubra, with its many varieties, which
can be grown in pots in the milder areas of Sicily, Liguria and central and southern regions, commonly
called the Frangipani (in Sicily is known as Pomelia).
PISTACHIO TREE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Sapindales
Family Anarcadiaceae
Genre Pistacia
The pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) is a tree of the family Anacardiaceae. It can reach a height of approx.
12 meters and an age of 300 years.
It is native to the Middle East, where it was already cultivated in prehistoric times, particularly in
Persia. The Arabs introduced it in the West. The word "pistachio" comes through the Arabic (fustuaq),
from the Persian (‫ پ س ته‬pesteh). The Sicilian word frastuca fescue or with which it indicates is that the
fruit of the plant product, is directly derived from the Arabic word.
GERANIUM
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Geraniales
Family Geraniaceae
Genre Pelargonium
Pelargonium, commonly called geranium, is a genus of perennial plants suffrutescenti, a native of
southern Africa, belonging to the family Geraniaceae.
The species best known and most commonly grown are the zonal pelargonium or geranium common
hairy and heart-shaped foliage is characterized by a dark ring, ivy geranium, Pelargonium peltatum,
fleshy leaves, stems drooping; geranium Pelargonium grandiflorum, or the elegant flower with
butterfly five spots in reddish-brown and deeply lobed leaves, scented geranium Pelargonium
odoratissimum or with small jagged leaves and herbs, small white or pink flowers with the
characteristic scent of apple-scented Pelargonium graveolens pink Pelargonium radens scent of lemon.
The zonal geraniums are mostly cultivated and ivy were selected from the many varieties of flowers in
different colors, ranging from red, pink, purple, fuchsia, orange and white.
OREGANO
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Lamiales
Family Laminaceae
Genre Origanum
Oregano (Origanum, L. 1753) is a genus of aromatic plants, herbaceous or sub-shrub, belonging to the
family Lamiaceae and includes about 45-50 species mainly originating in the basin of the
Mediterranean Sea.
Wild oregano, St. John RotondoLe two species are known and used oregano (Origanum vulgare) and
marjoram (Origanum majorana).
Oregano is one of the most widely used herbs in the Mediterranean because of its intense and
stimulating scent. It is used in many preparations of meat and fish, salads and pizza. The kitchens of
Southern Italy make great use.
Oregano is not only important for its use in the kitchen but also for its numerous therapeutic properties.
Its active ingredients are primarily phenols Thymol and Carvacrol addition to fat, protein, minerals,
vitamins and carbohydrates.
Its therapeutic properties are analgesic, antiseptic, analgesic, antispasmodic, expectorant, stomachic
and tonic. Its essential oil is widely used in aromatherapy. His infusions are recommended for coughs,
headaches, digestive disorders and pain of rheumatism performing the role inflammation.
MALLOW
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Malvales
Family Malvaceae
Genre Malva
Annual, biannual or perennial wild herb once grown near houses but quite rare today. In Italy mallow,
with its bright pink flowers, grows spontaneously.
The flowers can be a delicate pink,violet or mauve colour with five petalled flowers, 3 cms. wide.
Summer flowering until autumn, removing dead flowers.
CLEMATIS
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Sapindales
Family Anarcadiaceae
Genre Pistacia
These perennials type shrub, or vine can be fickle high (or long in this case Lianos) up to several
meters (10 and over). The flowers of these plants are characterized by a certain lack of cohesion
among the various floral organs. The colors of various shades are vibrant and eye-catching (yellowishgreen, red, purple or white). They emit a weak slightly honeyed aroma. These flowers do not produce
nectar.
PARSLEY
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Apiales
Family Apiaceae
Genre Petroselium
Biennial plant, native to Mediterranean areas, where it grows spontaneously. The leaves and stems are
the parts used for both fresh consumption and for the preparation of sauces. The plant grows well in
temperate climates, can not stand the cold and that is why you should never make the first sowing of
the months of February to March in the north and south. This plant prefers soil rich in organic matter
to make the right amount of manure is useful to use a ripe at a rate of 3-4 kg per square meter, which
will be buried at a depth ranging from 20 to 30 cm. This will help the plant throughout the growing
season. If the plant has the yellowing may require the addition of iron-based products.