* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
DIREZIONE DIDATTICA “LUIGI CAPUANA” ARAGONA BASIL BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (vascular plants) Division: Magnoliophyta (formerly Angiospermae) Class: Magnoliopsida (formerly Dicotyledones) Subclass: Asteridae Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Genre: Ocimum The legendary Basil belongs to the genus Ocimum and the family Labiatae. It 'a plant native to tropical Asia through the Middle East has become widespread in Europe, particularly Italy and southern France and these countries throughout Europe. America began to spread with the first shipment because, being considered a medicinal plant, always with the travelers. Its name derives from the greek "royal plant Basilikos =" name given for his goodness as a herb. It 'a herbaceous annual plant that has the erect stems that can reach a height of 60 cm. The leaves of basil are equipped with petiole, oval lanceolate, very variable in size depending on the species as well as the color varies from deep green to dark green to violet or purple depending on variety. The leaves are rich in essential oils that give the characteristic aroma. COURGETTE "SNAKE" BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Family: Cucurbitaceae Genre: Cucurbita Species: Cucurbita maxima Duch. - Cucurbita moschata Duch. - Cucurbita pepo L. - Cucurbita melanosperma. The plant is monoecious annual vine. It is native of hot countries and then demanding in terms of temperature. Several species are cultivated. They are distinguished by some botanical characters, including the shape and thickness of the fruit and seed. In botany, they are divided into four species: Cucurbita maxima - Cucurbita moschata - Cucurbita pepo - Cucurbita melanosperma. In practice it is distinguished from zucchini and pumpkins pumpkins from winter. The pumpkin squash belongs to the species Cucurbita pepo L.: has bushy habit and goes under the common name of "Pumpkin of Italy" or "Cocuzzella of Naples." Consume the fruits of it is very tender, newly formed. They are also used when the male flowers are still in bud and are excellent fried.The Gourds from winter to climbing trees belong to the species Cucurbita maxima Duch. and Cucurbita moschata Duch .. The first has spherical fruits sometimes huge, variously colored skin, yellow flesh, sweet. To this species belong the gourds features "turban". Cucurbita maxima differs from nutmeg to have elongated fruit, oblong or cylindrical, more or less curved at the apex, consisting of yellow orange flesh PURSLANE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae Subkingdom: Tracheobionta Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Caryophyllidae Order: Caryophyllales Family: Portulacaceae Kind: Portulaca The genus Portulaca (Portulaca, L. 1753) brings together some of the species of the family Portulacaceae. The estimated number of species belonging to this genus is around 40 for the wild and up to 100 including the various cultivars. Includes plants that are found in tropical and temperate regions. In some areas of its distribution is such that it regarded as pest species. The Portulaca oleracea is considered a plant used in both edible and lettuce salad, or cooked and accompanied with fried foods because of its sour taste. Some species of Portulaca are the food of the larvae of some Lepidoptera species such as Discestra and Hadula trifolii trifolii. It is commonly called "Porcelain", but it is also known by a variety of specific vernacular names in different Italian regions. JASMINE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plant Division: Magnoliophyta Class : Magnoliopsida Order: Scrophulariales Family: Oleaceae Genre Jasminum Jasminum is a genus of plants (which includes several species of jasmine) belonging to the family Oleaceae. It includes about 200 species of shrubs and climbing plants up to 4-6 meters high, including the best known and cultivated as ornamental plants are the common jasmine (Jasminum officinale), Spanish Jasmine (Jasminum grandiflorum), J. azoricum and J. polyanthum; species in rustic yellow flower and bloom in late winter on bare branches, are the J. nudiflorum and J. primulinum. The flowers are small and usually white, but there are also species whose flowers are shades of pink on the underside of the petals. OLIVE TREE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plant Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Scrophulariales Family: Oleaceae Genre: Olea The olive tree and olive tree (Olea europaea L.) is a fruit plant. Native to the Near East, is used since antiquity for food. Its fruits, olives are used for oil extraction and, to a lesser extent, for direct use in food. Because of the bitter taste due to the polyphenol content, the use of olives as fruit feeding, however, requires specific treatments aimed at deamaricazione (reduction of the bitter principles), made with various methods. ALMOND TREE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Rosales Family Rosaceae Subfamily Prunoideae Genre Pruns It is a small tree up to 5 meters high; has tap root and stem at first straight and smooth and gray, then twisted, cracked and dark leaves, up to 12 cm long, are lanceolate and petiolate, flowers, white or rose slightly and with a diameter up to 5 cm have 5 sepals, 5 petals, 40 stamens (arranged in three whorls) and a pistil with ovary semi-inferior. The flowers usually bloom in early spring, and where the climate is mild, even in January and February. The plant is grown primarily for its seed, almond. Of some almond varieties are also used wood and endocarp which, reduced to ashes, are exploited in the industry of soap and washing. CAROB TREE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Fabales Family Fabaceae Genre Ceratonia The genus of the family Fabaceae Ceratoniaappartiene. The only species of the genus is Italian Ceratonia siliqua L., evergreen tree, with stout crown expanded, branched at the top and known as carob. The use of the fruit of Ceratonia in the Mediterranean area is designed especially for animal feed (especially horses), and sometimes even for humans. In areas of high production, the fruits are used for the distillation of ethyl alcohol and, in the form of preparation similar to flour, as a basis for preparation of some sweet specialties. In countries Iblei, so you may find the taste of carob ice cream, cookies made with carob flour and carob candies, which are cooked in sugar syrup and carob. FIG TREE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Urticales Family Moraceae Genre Ficus The common fig (Ficus carica L.) is a plant xerophilous subtropical temperate climates, belonging to the family Moraceae. It represents the kind of Nordic speciepiù Ficus, produces the fruit commonly known as fig. It is a tree that branched from the trunk short and can reach heights of 6 to 10 m. The bark is finely wrinkled and ashy-gray, the branches are full of sharp bone with terminal buds covered by two scales green, or brownish. The leaves are large, rough, oblong, coarsely lobed to 3-5 lobes, dark green on top, lighter and covered with a light down on the bottom. What is commonly considered the fruit of the fig is actually a large infructescence fleshy, pear-shaped, rich in sugars at maturity, that vary in color from green to siconiodi reddish to bluish-purple, hollow, within which are enclosed in the flowers unisexual, very small, a small apical opening, said ostiolo, allows the entry of wasps pollinators, the true fruits, which develop within the inflorescence (which thus becomes an infructescence) are numerous small achenes. The pulp surrounding the small achenes is succulent and sweet, and is the edible part. PLUMERIA BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Gentianales Family Apocjnaceae Genre Plumeria PlumeriaFrangipani (Plumeria L.) is kind of Apocynaceae, a native of tropical America, from Mexico to Venezuela and the Caribbean, spread to most countries in tropical or sub-tropical shrubs or small trees of considerable size, with leaves deciduous or persistent, fleshy stem that becomes woody initially with time, not many fleshy branches, leaves large, lanceolate, oblong, pointed, green, more or less intense depending on the species, similar to oleander flowers and fragrant, large, meeting peaks terminals, also bearing fifty flowers with 5-7 petals, white, cream, pink, red and yellow, tinged with various colors in the center. The various species of plumeria are used as ornamental plants for the full summer bloom, grown in pots on balconies to tree, in Italy there is a widespread species P. rubra, with its many varieties, which can be grown in pots in the milder areas of Sicily, Liguria and central and southern regions, commonly called the Frangipani (in Sicily is known as Pomelia). PISTACHIO TREE BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Sapindales Family Anarcadiaceae Genre Pistacia The pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) is a tree of the family Anacardiaceae. It can reach a height of approx. 12 meters and an age of 300 years. It is native to the Middle East, where it was already cultivated in prehistoric times, particularly in Persia. The Arabs introduced it in the West. The word "pistachio" comes through the Arabic (fustuaq), from the Persian ( پ س تهpesteh). The Sicilian word frastuca fescue or with which it indicates is that the fruit of the plant product, is directly derived from the Arabic word. GERANIUM BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Geraniales Family Geraniaceae Genre Pelargonium Pelargonium, commonly called geranium, is a genus of perennial plants suffrutescenti, a native of southern Africa, belonging to the family Geraniaceae. The species best known and most commonly grown are the zonal pelargonium or geranium common hairy and heart-shaped foliage is characterized by a dark ring, ivy geranium, Pelargonium peltatum, fleshy leaves, stems drooping; geranium Pelargonium grandiflorum, or the elegant flower with butterfly five spots in reddish-brown and deeply lobed leaves, scented geranium Pelargonium odoratissimum or with small jagged leaves and herbs, small white or pink flowers with the characteristic scent of apple-scented Pelargonium graveolens pink Pelargonium radens scent of lemon. The zonal geraniums are mostly cultivated and ivy were selected from the many varieties of flowers in different colors, ranging from red, pink, purple, fuchsia, orange and white. OREGANO BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Lamiales Family Laminaceae Genre Origanum Oregano (Origanum, L. 1753) is a genus of aromatic plants, herbaceous or sub-shrub, belonging to the family Lamiaceae and includes about 45-50 species mainly originating in the basin of the Mediterranean Sea. Wild oregano, St. John RotondoLe two species are known and used oregano (Origanum vulgare) and marjoram (Origanum majorana). Oregano is one of the most widely used herbs in the Mediterranean because of its intense and stimulating scent. It is used in many preparations of meat and fish, salads and pizza. The kitchens of Southern Italy make great use. Oregano is not only important for its use in the kitchen but also for its numerous therapeutic properties. Its active ingredients are primarily phenols Thymol and Carvacrol addition to fat, protein, minerals, vitamins and carbohydrates. Its therapeutic properties are analgesic, antiseptic, analgesic, antispasmodic, expectorant, stomachic and tonic. Its essential oil is widely used in aromatherapy. His infusions are recommended for coughs, headaches, digestive disorders and pain of rheumatism performing the role inflammation. MALLOW BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Malvales Family Malvaceae Genre Malva Annual, biannual or perennial wild herb once grown near houses but quite rare today. In Italy mallow, with its bright pink flowers, grows spontaneously. The flowers can be a delicate pink,violet or mauve colour with five petalled flowers, 3 cms. wide. Summer flowering until autumn, removing dead flowers. CLEMATIS BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Sapindales Family Anarcadiaceae Genre Pistacia These perennials type shrub, or vine can be fickle high (or long in this case Lianos) up to several meters (10 and over). The flowers of these plants are characterized by a certain lack of cohesion among the various floral organs. The colors of various shades are vibrant and eye-catching (yellowishgreen, red, purple or white). They emit a weak slightly honeyed aroma. These flowers do not produce nectar. PARSLEY BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Apiales Family Apiaceae Genre Petroselium Biennial plant, native to Mediterranean areas, where it grows spontaneously. The leaves and stems are the parts used for both fresh consumption and for the preparation of sauces. The plant grows well in temperate climates, can not stand the cold and that is why you should never make the first sowing of the months of February to March in the north and south. This plant prefers soil rich in organic matter to make the right amount of manure is useful to use a ripe at a rate of 3-4 kg per square meter, which will be buried at a depth ranging from 20 to 30 cm. This will help the plant throughout the growing season. If the plant has the yellowing may require the addition of iron-based products.