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Hungary
In the heart of Europe
for 1100 years
The facts
 Name in Hungarian: Magyarország (magyar= Hungarian
ország= country)
 Area: 93000km2
 Population: 10 million
 Capital city: Budapest (2 million inhabitants)
 Currency: Hungarian forint (HUF)
 System of government: unitary multiparty republic
 Biggest rivers: The Danube, The Tisza
 Biggest lake: Lake Balaton
 Highest peak: Kékes (1015 m)
The facts
 Name in Hungarian: Magyarország (magyar= Hungarian
ország= country)
 Area: 93000km2
 Population: 10 million
 Capital city: Budapest (2 million inhabitants)
 Currency: Hungarian forint (HUF)
 System of government: unitary multiparty republic
 Biggest rivers: The Danube, The Tisza
 Biggest lake: Lake Balaton
 Highest peak: Kékes (1015 m)
The terrain of Hungary
Our language is Hungarian
 Is it Slavic?
 Maybe German?
 Or Turkish???
The truth:
It’s Finno-Ugric.
.
Our closest relatives are small tribes in Siberia. The
Finns are our relatives too but we don’t understand
each other. Only linguists can find any similarities
between the two languages.
The Hungarian national anthem
 The text of the Hungarian national
anthem was written in 1823 by Ferenc
Kölcsey (1790-1838).
 The music was composed by the
composer and conductor Ferenc Erkel
(1810-1893) in 1844.
 Only the first stanza is normally played or
sung on official occasions.
Ferenc Kölcsey
Ferenc Erkel
Our legendary ancestors, Hunor and Magor coming to today’s territory of
Hungary while hunting a magic deer
The agreement of the 7 chieftains of the Magyar tribes led by Árpád.
It is sealed with their own blood. (896)
The Danube bend
The river Tisza
The vineyards of Tokaj
The rich grainfields of the Great Plain
Our first king, Stephen I, later
saint
converted his people to
Christianity in 1000.
The golden era of
Hungary under the
Renaissance king,
Matthias (1443-1490)
Our first punishment from God, the Mongolian Tatars in 1241.
Although they stayed here only for a year, they ruined our country.
Finding our king’s dead body after the lost battle at Mohács (1526).
It was the beginning of the Ottoman conquest in Hungary.
The fighting women
of Eger (1552)
Captain Zrínyi’s last desperate attack against the huge Turkish army
at the walls of Szigetvár (1566)
The execution of 13
Hungarian commanders
in Arad after the fail of
the revolution and
war of independence
against the Habsburgs
(1848-49)