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Name:___________________________ Date:___________ Period:_____ Greek Theatre History Worksheet Follow along with the website shown below and fill in the blanks. http://greektheatrehistory101.weebly.com/ Theatre Space -Around _______ - _______. Greeks began acting to celebrate the change of seasons. This event was called ______________ _______________. During this event men dressed up in rough goat skins and would sing songs. Eventually this changed into a competition between different tribes for the best play. In the play there would be 3 men and a chorus (dancers) would fill in the rest of the play. The different plays would have a beginning, middle and end; most of them would be tragic based off of _____________, history, and even the meaning of life and even _____________. During the plays they would start off with a prologue (a brief summary of the story), next would do a paradox (introduced the characters), then the exposition and mood come into play and ends with exodus (where characters and chorus depart). Plays would be performed in ____________ _____________ and everyone would have to attend, it would almost be like a town meeting in a sense. The actors would wear mask and would wear different kinds of togas and jewelry. Events During this Time -In Greece from 500-220 B.C. a lot of things were going on. Greece was not one country it was broken up into city-states. And in this time these city-states fought a lot. Two major city-states were Athens and ___________. They usually fought for land because more land lead to more power. But also during this time some good things happened like in _________ the first bank was founded in Athens. And in 290 BC the _______________ _____ ______________ was built. The Greeks didn't not believe in only one god they were __________________, they believed in many like _____________ and _____________. So religion really had no interruption in the government. Important People -During this time the most famous playwrights were Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes. Aeschylus was a Greek playwright, he is considered to be the ______________ ____ ________________. Sophocles was probably the most popular playwright during Greek times. He won many writing competitions. And he is thought to have written over 100 plays. Name:___________________________ Date:___________ Period:_____ Some are Oedipus the King, Ajax, and Electra. Euripides was the last of the great Greek tragedy writers. Euripides was different in that he used very strong women characters and intelligent slaves in his plays. ____________________ is another Greek playwright. He wrote comedies, he is considered the father of the comedic plays. Some plays he wrote are The Fish, The Birds, _____________ and more... Now ______________ is known as the first person to appear on stage as an actor enacting a character in a play. He sang and danced. He introduced a tragedy style of acting. He introduced masks and multiple person plays. ~Summary: Two men are traveling to get birds to help them to build a city. And they have to try to persuade the birds to help them build the city. The city is supposed to between the gods and the mortals. And they face trouble and problems along the way. ~Excerpt from Aristophanes play The Birds 227-262: Inventions -In this time period they didn't really invent new things for acting but just improved to the stage. Some changes they made were they made the __________ even bigger so the people sitting at the top could see the faces and further understand the play. Also they added a _____________ __________, the theatre only to use it if needed to. Another thing they changed is they added ______ ______________ ____ _______________. This was just a room usually rectangular. It was used for things like _____________ (a ceremony where poets would tell about their plays and actors). And dancers would wait there to come on stage. A nice thing that they did was for people who could not afford the expensive theatre tickets they mad it cheaper Name:___________________________ Date:___________ Period:_____ for them to come and see the plays. The improvements they made were to improve their performances and make them flow a little better. Styles of Acting -The Greeks had two styles of acting. One was tragedy. _____________ were the first kind of acting to appear in Greece .Their costumes were made out of _________ ___________. And they sang songs and danced and also gave burnt offerings at the alter to their gods. The person who kind of started this style was Thespis. The second was _____________ plays. Aristophanes was the person who wrote most of comedy plays.