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Transcript
Name: ______________________
Block: ___________
Date: ___________________
Babylonia and Assyria
The Two Empires of Mesopotamia
After the Sumerians were ________________, Mesopotamia had two main _______________:
Babylonia and Assyria. An empire is an area of many territories and people that are controlled by one
_________________________
The Babylonian empire lasted from around ___________________________.
The Assyrian empire lasted from around _____________________________.
Babylon – “Gate of God”
As we recall from earlier, the Sumerians were conquered by the Babylonians. The king of Babylon was
_______________________. Hammurabi united the cities of Sumer and then expanded his empire all
the way to ____________________________.
A Crossroads of Trade
Babylon’s location made it a good place for ____________. Groups of travelers, called ____________,
traveled back and forth from the Sumerian cities in the south to the city of Akkad in the north. Along
the way, they always stopped in Babylon to trade.
Babylon had special markets, called ______________, that people could go to buy ____________ cloth
from India. They could also buy _____________ from Egypt there. Babylon became __________ due to
trade.
Babylonia is Conquered
Hammurabi conquered many of the neighboring _______________, and he kept expanding his empire.
Hammurabi would often go to war against his ______________ as well. Each time that Babylon would
conquer another city, Hammurabi would take the city’s chariots, _______________, tools, and all their
_____________________. Trading helped Babylon get rich, and so did conquest.
Though Hammurabi formed a large and rich empire, the people that ruled after him could not keep it
together. The empire kept getting smaller and smaller until eventually it was __________________.
The Assyrians Rise To Power
Assyria was a __________ kingdom of walled cities that was located ___________ of Babylon. Their city
was located in ___________ land that was easily attacked, and they had to constantly defend
themselves against ______________________. Therefore, they became skilled ___________________.
At around 1365 B.C., the Assyrians decided that the best defense they had was to ______________
other countries first, before they could attack them. By ________ B.C., Assyria had conquered a large
empire. King _______________________ II was a successful and ruthless Assyrian ruler.
Name: ______________________
Block: ___________
Date: ___________________
The Assyrian War Machine
The Assyrians were geniuses at waging ________. They invented the battering ________, which they
used to pound down city walls. They used __________________ to throw rocks at enemies, and the
protected their __________________ (people who use a bow and arrows) with helmets and armor.
Assyrian Learning
The capital of the Assyrian Empire was a city called ________________. Nineveh became a great city of
_________________. It had a famous library that held thousands of clay ________________ with
writings from Sumer and Babylon. These records tell us a lot about __________ in Mesopotamia.
Assyria Overthrown
The people that the Assyrians conquered were constantly ___________________ against Assyrian rule.
Most of the time, the Assyrians ___________ the people who tried to fight them. However, in 612 B.C.,
two groups joined together to smash the Assyrian empire. These groups were the _______________
and the ___________________.
The New Babylonian Empire
The Chaldeans created a new empire, centered at ___________________ after they defeated the
Assyrians in 612 BC. The greatest king of Babylon was Nebuchadnezzar II. He rebuilt Babylon and put
massive ______________ around the city to protect it. He also built a great _________________ with
hanging gardens.
A New Center For Learning
Under the Chaldeans, the New Babylonian empire became a center of learning and _______________.
Chaldean astronomers charted __________________ and measured the correct length of the
_________. Chaldean farmers raised bees for their _________________. Many people came to Babylon
to share ideas and _______________________.
The Fall of the 2nd Babylonian Empire
The second Babylonian empire came under attack and was defeated by the ________________, who
were led by Cyrus, in ________ BC. Though the Chaldeans were defeated, the city of Babylon was
spared from destruction.
HOMEWORK:
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