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Ethics and Copyright Issues CTMU 7560 Digital Media Production for Music Education Kimberly C. Walls 1.29.2001 Ethics and Copyright Issues • • • • • • • What’s copyrighted? What if I give credit? What about Fair Use? What about entertainment? What about the Web? What about different media? Printed music? What’s Copyrighted? • Assume that everything is copyrighted! • Obtain permission before use. • Keep records of permission and sources. What if I give credit? • You’ve avoided plagiarism…but not prosecution! What about Fair Use? • Fair Use has 4 components: – Nonprofit educational uses – Nature of the copyrighted work – Amount or substantiality of the portion used – Effect on potential market or value What about entertainment? • If it’s on your computer for your use only, you are probably OK • Personal use…one copy only… • ..but don’t copy rental videotapes What about the Web? • As soon as you put it on the Web, it is published! • Don’t put anybody’s stuff on the Web without their permission. • Clearly state which materials are copyrighted. • Post a statement about permissions. • Post guidelines for use of the Web pages. What about different media? • • • • • Text Images Video Representations of music Web pages Text • If it is published in any media it is copyrighted. • Words are copyrighted, ideas are not. • State ideas in your own words if possible. • Cite the sources of ideas as well as quotations. • Don’t use personal communications or student work without written permission from the author and legal guardian. Images • The law is clear that an image is copyrighted upon its creation. • Using any portion of an image or an edited image without permission is a violation. • Some museums and performing groups prohibit photography…get permission. • Get written permission before using a photograph of a person. Video • If your video/film is based on a book, etc., permission from the copyright holder • If any portion of a music composition is used, need synchronization license. • If a recording is used, need master use license • Need Work for Hire agreements for writers, composers, actors, etc. • Props, photos, etc., are covered too. Representations of music • Lyrics • Melodies, compositions, and arrangements • Recordings • MIDI files • Music notation • Web casting • May make one copy for “aural exercises or examinations” Web pages • If it’s on the Web, it is copyrighted • Can’t show to large groups except for Fair Use • May link • Avoid framing other’s work Multimedia Projects • Anything you don’t create yourself is copyrighted • Need student and parent permission to share their ORIGINAL work • You may use copyrighted material for only two years in a project • Student may keep their projects indefinitely • Quantity limits Quantity limits per term • 10% or 3 minutes of video • 10% or 1000 words text, only 3 poems by an author, 5 poems from an anthology • 10% or 30 sec. of music or music video • No more than 5 graphics from an artist and 10% or 15 of a collection • 10% or 2500 cells of data set Copying printed music and Fair Use • Emergency due to slow delivery • 10% of work for non-performance, one copy per student, not a movement • May edit if character remains • May not substitute for purchasing a collection Copying printed music No-Nos • May not reproduce consumables • May not copy for performance • May not copy with intention to not purchase • May not copy without including the copyright notice Student Recordings • One recording for evaluation or rehearsal kept by teacher Song Copyrights • Check to see if a song is in publicdomain before distributing copies of it or its lyrics! Requesting Permission • The simplest way to request permission is to use e-mail. • Make sure you keep a copy of the message and the reply. • Contact the publisher first, who may also put you in contact with the composer. Religious Services • Fair Use does not apply to religious services • Even more complications when service is broadcasted • There is more! • Check links for guides.