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Hurricane
Large storm
formed over warm
water & must have
winds blowing at at
least 64 knots.
Counterclockwise
Direction that a
hurricane spins
in the northern
hemisphere.
Nor'easter
Winter storm
that brings high
winds &
precipitation.
Sea
Breeze
Local wind that
comes from the
sea, during the
day.
Land
Breeze
Local wind that
blows from land
to the ocean
during the night.
Local
Wind
A wind that
only affects
a small area.
Monsoon
A season-long
local wind which
results in a rainy
season & a dry
season.
Winter
Monsoon
A large-scale
local wind that is
the equivalent of
a land breeze.
Summer
Monsoon
A large-scale
local wind that is
the equivalent of
a sea breeze.
Equator
Place on earth
that receives
the most
sunlight.
23.5
degrees
The latitude at which
the two tropics are
at. Corresponds also
to the tilt of the
earth's axis.
Heat
Budget
The balancing of
heat entering the
atmosphere to
heat escaping the
atmosphere
Air
Pressure
The vertical
movement of air
in a convection
current.
Wind
The horizontal
movement of air
in a convection
current.
Coriolis
Effect
Caused by the rotation
of the earth, this seems
to deflect objects
moving above the
earth's surface to the
left or right.
Clockwise
(or to the
right)
Direction that
objects seem to be
deflected towards
in the northern
hemisphere.
Counterclockwise
(or to the left)
Direction that
objects seem to be
deflected towards
in the southern
hemisphere.
Doldrums
Area of low
pressure & lack
of winds at the
equator.
Horse
Latitudes
Area of high
pressure & lack
of winds at 30
degrees latitude.
Tradewinds
Global winds
that come from
the Northeast
or Southeast.
Westerlies
Global winds that
are located
between 30
degrees & 60
degrees latitude.
Polar
Easterlies
Global winds
that would be
found near the
poles.
Subpolar
Low
Low pressure
located at 60
degrees
latitude.
High
Pressure
Sinking air
located at 30
degrees latitude
and the poles.
Low
Pressure
Rising air
located the
equator & at 60
degrees latitude.