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Transcript
BLOCKING DIODE
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Blocking Diodes
Installation Instructions
BLOCKING DIODES
A blocking diode is required in each ‘series string’ of solar modules between the
modules and regulator/battery, to prevent current flowing back through the modules
when the modules are shaded or during darkness. The blocking diode acts like a oneway valve, allowing current to flow only one way, out of the solar module.
If a Solar module is connected directly to a battery, during sunlight hours the module
will charge the battery but during darkness or shading, the module will act as a load
on the battery and discharge it.
In a simple single module and regulator system, a separate blocking diode is not
normally required since one is normally incorporated into the regulator.
Whenever more than one module or a module and another charge source (eg wind
generator) are directly connected in parallel, a blocking diode is required in each
‘series string’ of solar modules.
A ‘series string’ can be one or more solar modules connected in series. Any number
of ‘series strings’ can then be connected in parallel. Modules are connected in series
to increase voltage, and parallel to increase current.
Series String
Blocking Diode
Series String
Blocking Diode
Output to
regulator
Fig 1. Typical 12v Solar Array
Series String
Blocking Diode
Series String
Blocking Diode
Output to
regulator
Fig 2. Typical 24v Solar Array
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Blocking Diodes
Installation Instructions
Fitting Blocking Diodes
Framed Modules
It is usual to fit the blocking diode into the positive output inside the terminal box of
the solar module at the positive end of each series string.
In order to minimise voltage drop and power loss it is recommended that Schottky
diodes are used.
Modules up to 60W
Modules up to 100W
5A Schottky Diode
8A Schottky Diode
Marlec Part No 913-005
Marlec Part No 913-012
Symbol
Direction of Current Flow
Lite Series Modules
Lite series modules do not have terminal boxes fitted, therefore the blocking diode
needs to be fitted externally to the module, usually within a junction box where the
modules are terminated. The diode can be conveniently fitted into a terminal block as
shown in Fig 3. in series with the positive output of the solar module.
The blocking diode kit includes a 2 way terminal block:
Schottky Diode Kit 5A
Marlec Part No CA-11/01
Battery
P.V Module
Fig 3.
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Blocking Diodes
Installation Instructions
SX SERIES & BP 340 MODULES
+
Customer
Output Wires
-
Terminal Box Without Blocking Diode Fitted
Customer
Output Wires
+
-
Terminal Box With Blocking Diode Fitted
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Blocking Diodes
Installation Instructions
BP 350 Module
Bypass Diode
Already fitted
+
Customer
Output Wires
-
Terminal Box Without Blocking Diode Fitted
Customer
Output Wires
+
-
Terminal Box With Blocking Diode Fitted
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Blocking Diodes
Installation Instructions
BP 365 Module
Bypass Diodes
Already fitted
+
Customer
Output Wires
-
Terminal Box Without Blocking Diode Fitted
+
Customer
Output Wires
-
Terminal Box With Blocking Diode Fitted
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Blocking Diodes
Installation Instructions
BP 380 Module
Bypass Diodes
Already fitted
Customer
Output Wires
+
-
Terminal Box Without Blocking Diode Fitted
Customer
Output Wires
+
-
Terminal Box With Blocking Diode Fitted
SM 335 Issue C 03.11.05
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd