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Pharmacology and Laboratory Medicine
WVEIS 0729
Instructional content within this course will focus on the accurate incorporation of pharmacologic and laboratory data
within medical documentation. Additional content will include a history and overview of pharmacology; drug enforcement
agencies responsible for governing the legal and ethical use of controlled substances and legal/safety guidelines, drug
reference materials, measurement and mathematics used in the calculation of drug dosages, interpretation and
documentation of medication orders; drug classification and actions, common pharmacology and laboratory medicine,
basic medical terminology, anatomy and physiology of the human body, and concepts of pathophysiology. Students will
utilize problem-solving techniques and participate in hands-on activities to develop an understanding of course concepts.
Teachers will provide each student with real world learning opportunities and instruction related to the study of medical
information management. The West Virginia Standards for 21st Century Learning include the following components: 21st
Century Content Standards and 21st Century Learning Skills and Technology Tools. All West Virginia teachers are
responsible for classroom instruction that integrates learning skills, technology tools, and content standards and
objectives. Students are encouraged to become active members of Health Occupations Students of America (HOSA), the
Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO) for health science education students.
Grade 11-Adult
Health Science Education: Pharmacology and Laboratory Medicine
Standard: 1
Introduction to Pharmacology
HSE.S.PLM.1
Students will understand the history and source of drugs.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.1.1
examine drugs including their origin and use.
HSE.O.PLM.1.2
compare the three types of drug names.
HSE.O.PLM.1.3
differentiate between four sources of drugs, giving examples.
HSE.O.PLM.1.4
determine forms in which drugs are prepared, giving examples and route of administration for each.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.1)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional and The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
exemplary performance with distinctive
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
and sophisticated application of
thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in introduction to pharmacology. standard in introduction to
omissions in introduction to
The student can evaluate drugs including
pharmacology. The student can
pharmacology. The student can discuss
their origin and use; interpret the three
examine drugs including their origin and drugs including their origin and use; list
types of drug names; critique four sources use; compare the three types of drug
the three types of drug names; state the
of drugs, giving examples; communicate
names; differentiate between four
difference between four sources of
forms in which drugs are prepared, giving
examples and route of administration for
each. The student can independently
solve problems and is self-directed.
sources of drugs, giving examples;
drugs, giving examples; list forms in
determine forms in which drugs are
which drugs are prepared, giving
prepared, giving examples and route of
examples and route of administration for
administration for each. Application of
each. Performance needs further
knowledge and skills is thorough and
development and supervision.
effective, and the student can work
independently.
Standard: 2
Agencies and Safety Guidelines
HSE.S.PLM.2
Students will identify the legal and ethical implication of medication administration.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.2.1
determine the role of the FDA.
HSE.O.PLM.2.2
examine the drug approval process.
HSE.O.PLM.2.3
articulate the “New Drug” list.
HSE.O.PLM.2.4
determine the function of the Drug Enforcement Administration and the purpose of the Controlled
Substance Act.
HSE.O.PLM.2.5
examine controlled substances, listing the five categories and providing five examples of each.
HSE.O.PLM.2.6
recognize proper method for storing and dispensing a controlled substance.
HSE.O.PLM.2.7
examine documentation associated with controlled substances.
HSE.O.PLM.2.8
determine the legal considerations associated with controlled substances and prescription pads.
HSE.O.PLM.2.9
articulate the professions that can legally prescribe medication.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.2)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional and The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
exemplary performance with distinctive
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
and sophisticated application of
thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in agency and safety guidelines. standard in agency and safety
omissions in agency and safety
The student can evaluate the role of the
guidelines. The student can determine
guidelines. The student can understand
FDA; critique the drug approval process;
the role of the FDA; examine the drug
the role of the FDA; describe the drug
assess the “New Drug” list; interpret the
approval process; articulate the “New
approval process; explain the “New
function of the Drug Enforcement
Drug” list; determine the function of the
Drug” list; state the function of the Drug
Administration and the purpose of the
Drug Enforcement Administration and
Enforcement Administration and the
Controlled Substance Act; evaluate
the purpose of the Controlled Substance purpose of the Controlled Substance
controlled substances, listing the five
Act; examine controlled substances,
Act; explain controlled substances,
categories and providing five examples of listing the five categories and providing
listing the five categories and providing
each; communicate proper method for
storing and dispensing a controlled
substance; express documentation
associated with controlled substances;
assess the legal considerations associated
with controlled substances and
prescription pads; and select the
professions that can legally prescribe
medication. The student can
independently solve problems and is selfdirected.
five examples of each; recognize proper
method for storing and dispensing a
controlled substance; examine
documentation associated with
controlled substances; determine the
legal considerations associated with
controlled substances and prescription
pads; and articulate the professions that
can legally prescribe medication.
Application of knowledge and skills is
thorough and effective, and the student
can work independently.
five examples of each; list proper
method for storing and dispensing a
controlled substance; describe
documentation associated with
controlled substances; identify the legal
considerations associated with
controlled substances and prescription
pads; and state the professions that can
legally prescribe medication.
Performance needs further development
and supervision.
Standard: 3
Drug References
HSE.S.PLM.3
Students will demonstrate knowledge in the use of the PDR and other reference sources.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.3.1
compare types of drug reference books.
HSE.O.PLM.3.2
examine the sections in a Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR).
HSE.O.PLM.3.3
characterize the format of the PDR’s product information section.
HSE.O.PLM.3.4
demonstrate the procedure for using a PDR.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.3)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent and The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
proficient performance and shows a
inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application
thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in drug references. The
standard in drug references. The student omissions in drug references. The
student can compare and contrast types can compare types of drug reference
student can identify types of drug
of drug reference books; communicate
books; examine the sections in a
reference books; find the sections in a
the sections in a Physicians’ Desk
Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR);
Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR);
Reference (PDR); interpret the format of characterize the format of the PDR’s
explain the format of the PDR’s product
the PDR’s product information section;
product information section; and
information section; and demonstrate
and demonstrate the procedure for using demonstrate the procedure for using a
the procedure for using a PDR.
a PDR. The student can independently
PDR. Application of knowledge and skills Performance needs further
solve problems and is self-directed.
is thorough and effective, and the student development and supervision.
can work independently.
Standard: 4
HSE.S.PLM.4
Measurement and Mathematics
Students will understand both the apothecary and metric systems of measurement by the calculation of
drug doses requiring the use of decimals, fractions, ratios, and proportions.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.4.1
compare the two systems of measurement commonly used in pharmacology.
HSE.O.PLM.4.2
recognize metric units of measure.
HSE.O.PLM.4.3
correctly read and write metric abbreviations.
HSE.O.PLM.4.4
recognize apothecary units of measure.
HSE.O.PLM.4.5
correctly read and write apothecary abbreviations.
HSE.O.PLM.4.6
convert quantities between the systems of measurement.
HSE.O.PLM.4.7
relate standardized units of measure, giving examples of their use.
HSE.O.PLM.4.8
apply mathematical principles to computations related to healthcare procedures (metric and household,
conversions and measurements).
HSE.O.PLM.4.9
demonstrate the ability to use decimals, fractions, ratios, and proportions.
HSE.O.PLM.4.10
recognize the methods for calculating pediatric drug doses.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.4)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent and The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
proficient performance and shows a
inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in pharmacology
standard in pharmacology
standard in pharmacology measurement.
measurement. The student can identify
measurement. The student can
The student can compare the two systems the two systems of measurement
communicate the two systems of
of measurement commonly used in
commonly used in pharmacology; recall
measurement commonly used in
pharmacology; recognize metric units of
metric units of measure; correctly read
pharmacology; select metric and
measure; correctly read and write metric
and write metric abbreviations with
apothecary units of measure;
abbreviations; recognize apothecary units
assistance; identify apothecary units of
incorporate the use of metric and
of measure; correctly read and write
measure; correctly read and write
apothecary abbreviations; convert
apothecary abbreviations; convert
apothecary abbreviations; convert
quantities between the system of
quantities between the system of
quantities between the system of
measurement; interpret standardized
measurement; relate standardized units of measurement; state standardized units
units of measure, giving examples of
measure, giving examples of their use;
of measure, giving examples of their
their use; select mathematical
apply mathematical principles to
use; apply mathematical principles to
principles for computations related to
computations related to healthcare
computations related to healthcare
healthcare procedures (metric and
procedures (metric and household,
procedures (metric and household,
household, conversions and
measurements); demonstrate the
ability to use decimals, fractions, ratios,
and proportions; and calculate pediatric
drug doses. The student can
independently solve problems and is
self-directed.
Standard: 5
HSE.S.PLM.5
conversions and measurements);
demonstrate the ability to use decimals,
fractions, ratios, and proportions; and
recognize the methods for calculating
pediatric drug doses. Application of
knowledge and skills is thorough and
effective, and the student can work
independently.
conversions and measurements);
demonstrate the ability to use decimals,
fractions, ratios, and proportions; and
describe the methods for calculating
pediatric drug doses. Performance
needs further development and
supervision.
Medication Orders
Students will demonstrate knowledge and skills in the interpretation and documentation of medication
orders.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.5.1
determine the meaning of pharmacology terminology.
HSE.O.PLM.5.2
analyze information found on a prescription.
HSE.O.PLM.5.3
recognize abbreviations used on prescriptions.
HSE.O.PLM.5.4
interpret medication orders.
HSE.O.PLM.5.5
relate the technique to document verbal medication orders.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.5)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent and The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
proficient performance and shows a
inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in medication orders. The
standard in medication orders. The
omissions in medication orders. The
student can interpret pharmacology
student can determine the meaning of
student can define pharmacology
terminology and information found on a pharmacology terminology; analyze
terminology; identify information found
prescription; communicate the meaning information found on a prescription;
on a prescription; state the meaning of
of abbreviation used on prescriptions;
recognize abbreviation used on
abbreviation used on prescriptions;
interpret medication orders; and
prescriptions; interpret medication orders; understand medication orders; and state
incorporate the technique to document
and relate technique to document verbal
technique to document verbal
verbal medication orders into practice.
medication orders. Application of
medication orders. Performance needs
The student can independently solve
knowledge and skills is thorough and
further development and supervision.
problems and is self-directed.
effective, and the student can work
independently.
Standard: 6
Drug Classification and Actions
HSE.S.PLM.6
Students will demonstrate knowledge to identify classification of drugs, factors that affect drug action, and
the undesirable side effects of specific drugs.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.6.1
determine the classification of specific drugs using reference books.
HSE.O.PLM.6.2
recognize the therapeutic action of specific classifications of drugs.
HSE.O.PLM.6.3
compare the therapeutic action and side effects of specific drugs.
HSE.O.PLM.6.4
recognize common contraindications.
HSE.O.PLM.6.5
relate precautions and adverse reactions of specific drugs.
HSE.O.PLM.6.6
determine the classification, action, and side effects of OTC drugs.
HSE.O.PLM.6.7
debate alternative medications and the action of each.
HSE.O.PLM.6.8
differentiate drug interactions and their consequences.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.6)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application
thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in drug
standard in drug classification and
standard in drug classification and
classification and actions. The student
actions. The student can interpret the
actions. The student can determine the can find the classification of specific
classification of specific drugs using
classification of specific drugs using
drugs using reference books. The
reference books; assess the therapeutic
reference books; recognize the
student can use the reference books to
action of specific classifications of drugs; therapeutic action of specific
list the therapeutic action of specific
compare the therapeutic action and side
classifications of drugs; compare the
classifications of drugs; find the
effects of specific drugs; communicate
therapeutic action and side effects of
therapeutic action and side effects of
common contraindications, precautions
specific drugs; recognize common
specific drugs; list common
and adverse reactions of specific drugs;
contraindications; relate precautions and contraindications, precautions, and
evaluate the classifications, action, and
adverse reactions of specific drugs;
adverse reactions of specific drugs;
side effects of OTC drugs; judge
determine the classifications, action, and identify the classifications, action, and
alternative medications and the action of side effects of OTC drugs; debate
side effects of OTC drugs; name
each; and anticipate drug interactions and alternative medications and the action of alternative medications and the action of
their consequences. The student can
each; and differentiate drug interactions each; and discuss drug interactions and
independently solve problems and is self- and their consequences. Application of
their consequences. Performance
directed.
knowledge and skills is thorough and
needs further development and
effective, and the student can work
supervision.
independently.
Standard: 7
HSE.S.PLM.7
Objectives
HSE.O.PLM.7.1
HSE.O.PLM.7.2
HSE.O.PLM.7.3
HSE.O.PLM.7.4
HSE.O.PLM.7.5
Pharmacology and Laboratory Medicine
Students will understand drug nomenclature, routes of administration, and classifications.
Students will
examine pharmacological nomenclature and principles.
recognize nine forms in which drugs are manufactured.
classify eight routes of administration.
correlate the relationships of drug classes with disease processes and medical specialties.
recognize commonly prescribed medications, including indications, actions, dosages, and routes of
administration.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.7)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional and The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
exemplary performance with distinctive
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
and sophisticated application of
thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in pharmacology and laboratory
standard in pharmacology and
omissions in pharmacology and
medicine. The student can interpret
laboratory medicine. The student can
laboratory medicine. The student can
pharmacological nomenclature and
examine pharmacological nomenclature understand pharmacological
principles; compile the nine forms in which and principles; recognize nine forms in
nomenclature and principles; list nine
drugs are manufactured; categorize eight which drugs are manufactured; classify
forms in which drugs are manufactured;
routes of administration; communicate the eight routes of administration; correlate
name eight routes of administration;
relationships of drug classes with disease the relationships of drug classes with
identify the relationships of drug classes
processes and medical specialties; and
disease processes and medical
with disease processes and medical
assess commonly prescribed medications, specialties; and recognize commonly
specialties; and discuss commonly
including indications, actions, dosages,
prescribed medications, including
prescribed medications, including
and routes of administration. The student indications, actions, dosages, and
indications, actions, dosages, and
can independently solve problems and is
routes of administration. Application of
routes of administration. Performance
self-directed.
knowledge and skills is thorough and
needs further development and
effective, and the student can work
supervision.
independently.
Standard: 8
HSE.S.PLM.8
Objectives
HSE.O.PLM.8.1
Medical Terminology
Students will understand medical language related to pharmacology and laboratory medicine.
Students will
examine medical language and its structure (i.e. prefixes, suffixes, combining forms, root words, plurals,
abbreviations, acronyms, eponyms, homonyms, antonyms, synonyms, and commonly used foreign words
and phrases).
HSE.O.PLM.8.2
determine, pronounce, spell, define, and understand medical terminology related to anatomy, physiology,
general medicine, general surgery, medical specialties, surgical specialties, diagnostic and interventional
procedures, pathology and laboratory medicine, health and wellness, imaging techniques, medications, and
alternative or complementary medicine.
HSE.O.PLM.8.3
examine and apply terms and concepts of gross and microscopic human anatomical structure and
physiologic functioning.
HSE.O.PLM.8.4
examine terms related to surgical procedures and other diagnostic and interventional treatment modalities
(i.e. anesthesia types and techniques, surgical techniques, equipment, instruments and accessories), as
well as typical findings and related diagnoses.
HSE.O.PLM.8.5
recognize procedures, techniques, and findings in diagnostic and interventional imaging.
HSE.O.PLM.8.6
differentiate among common tests used in pathology and laboratory medicine, including diagnostic
indications, techniques, expression of values, and significance of findings.
HSE.O.PLM.8.7
use appropriate medical reference materials (i.e. word books, dictionaries, Internet, and electronic
resources).
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.8)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application
thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in medical
standard in medical terminology. The
standard in medical terminology. The
terminology. The student can define
student can interpret medical language
student can examine medical language
medical language and its structure (i.e.
and its structure (i.e. prefixes, suffixes,
and its structure (i.e. prefixes, suffixes,
prefixes, suffixes, combining forms, root
combining forms, root words, plurals,
combining forms, root words, plurals,
words, plurals, abbreviations, acronyms,
abbreviations, acronyms, eponyms,
abbreviations, acronyms, eponyms,
eponyms, homonyms, antonyms,
homonyms, antonyms, synonyms, and
homonyms, antonyms, synonyms, and
synonyms, and commonly used foreign
commonly used foreign words and
commonly used foreign words and
words and phrases); identify, pronounce,
phrases); choose, pronounce, spell,
phrases); determine, pronounce, spell,
spell, define, and understand medical
define, and understand medical
terminology related to anatomy,
physiology, general medicine, general
surgery, medical specialties, surgical
specialties, diagnostic and interventional
procedures, pathology and laboratory
medicine, health and wellness, imaging
techniques, medications, and alternative
or complementary medicine; interpret and
apply terms and concepts of gross and
microscopic human anatomical structure
and physiologic functioning; interpret
terms related to surgical procedures and
other diagnostic and interventional
treatment modalities, (i.e. anesthesia
types and techniques, surgical
techniques, equipment, instruments, and
accessories), as well as typical findings
and related diagnoses; select procedures,
techniques, and findings in diagnostic and
interventional imaging; differentiate
among common tests used in pathology
and laboratory medicine, including
diagnostic indications, techniques,
expression of values, and significance of
findings; and evaluate appropriate
medical reference materials (i.e. word
books, dictionaries, Internet and
electronic resources). The student can
independently solve problems and is selfdirected.
define, and understand medical
terminology related to anatomy,
physiology, general medicine, general
surgery, medical specialties, surgical
specialties, diagnostic and interventional
procedures, pathology and laboratory
medicine, health and wellness, imaging
techniques, medications, and alternative
or complementary medicine; examine
and apply terms and concepts of gross
and microscopic human anatomical
structure and physiologic functioning;
examine terms related to surgical
procedures and other diagnostic and
interventional treatment modalities, (i.e.
anesthesia types and techniques,
surgical techniques, equipment,
instruments, and accessories), as well
as typical findings and related
diagnoses; recognize procedures,
techniques, and findings in diagnostic
and interventional imaging; differentiate
among common tests used in pathology
and laboratory medicine, including
diagnostic indications, techniques,
expression of values, and significance of
findings; and use appropriate medical
reference materials (i.e. word books,
dictionaries, Internet and electronic
resources). Application of knowledge
and skills is thorough and effective, and
the student can work independently.
terminology related to anatomy,
physiology, general medicine, general
surgery, medical specialties, surgical
specialties, diagnostic and interventional
procedures, pathology and laboratory
medicine, health and wellness, imaging
techniques, medications, and alternative
or complementary medicine; identify and
apply terms and concepts of gross and
microscopic human anatomical structure
and physiologic functioning; define terms
related to surgical procedures and other
diagnostic and interventional treatment
modalities, (i.e. anesthesia types and
techniques, surgical techniques,
equipment, instruments and
accessories), as well as typical findings
and related diagnoses; identify
procedures, techniques, and findings in
diagnostic and interventional imaging;
understand among common tests used
in pathology and laboratory medicine,
including diagnostic indications,
techniques, expression of values, and
significance of findings; and locate
appropriate medical reference materials
(i.e. word books, dictionaries, Internet
and electronic resources). Performance
needs further development and
supervision.
Standard: 9
HSE.S.PLM.9
Objectives
HSE.O.PLM.9.1
HSE.O.PLM.9.2
Anatomy and Physiology
Students will demonstrate knowledge and skills in human anatomy and physiology.
Students will
examine the anatomy and physiology of the human body.
characterize the basic structural and functional organization of the human body including chemical, cellular,
tissues, organs, and systems.
HSE.O.PLM.9.3
analyze body cavities and the organs they contain.
HSE.O.PLM.9.4
use anatomical terminology to describe the location of areas of the body and the relation of one part to
another.
HSE.O.PLM.9.5
compare the immune system and defense mechanisms.
HSE.O.PLM.9.6
identify and use appropriate medical references and other resources to research and stay current with
trends and developments in medicine.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.9)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application
thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in anatomy and
standard in anatomy and physiology. The standard in anatomy and physiology.
physiology. Performance needs further
student can interpret the anatomy and
The student can examine the anatomy
development and supervision. The
physiology of the human body; assess
and physiology of the human body;
student can identify the anatomy and
the basic structural and functional
characterize the basic structural and
physiology of the human body; recall the
organization of the human body including functional organization of the human
basic structural and functional
chemical, cellular, tissues, organs, and
body including chemical, cellular,
organization of the human body
systems; compare body cavities and the
tissues, organs, and systems; analyze
including chemical, cellular, tissues,
organs they contain; select anatomical
body cavities and the organs they
organs, and systems; name body
terminology to describe the location of
contain; use anatomical terminology to
cavities and the organs they contain;
areas of the body and the relation of one describe the location of areas of the
define anatomical terminology to
part to another; compare and contrast the body and the relation of one part to
describe the location of areas of the
immune system and defense
another; compare the immune system
body and the relation of one part to
mechanisms; and integrate the use
and defense mechanisms; and identify
another; discuss the immune system
appropriate medical references and other and use appropriate medical references and defense mechanisms; and locate
resources to research and stay current
and other resources to research and
and use appropriate medical references
with trends and developments in
stay current with trends and
and other resources to research and
medicine. The student can independently developments in medicine. Application
stay current with trends and
solve problems and is self-directed.
of knowledge and skills is thorough and
developments in medicine. Performance
effective, and the student can work
needs further development and
independently.
supervision.
Standard: 10
Concepts of Disease
HSE.S.PLM.10
Students will have an understanding of disease concepts related to specific body systems, identifying
current trends and development.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.10.1
recognize the fundamental nature of disease, including injury and repair, inflammation, immunopathology,
infectious disease, cancer, hemodynamic disorders, and pathologies of selected systems.
HSE.O.PLM.10.2
compare common diseases and disorders of each body system (i.e. etiology, signs and symptoms,
prevention, pathogenesis, diagnoses, treatment, prognoses).
HSE.O.PLM.10.3
distinguish the predisposing factors and direct causes of diseases that relate to the human body.
HSE.O.PLM.10.4
examine the general morphology of organisms and their role in the disease process.
HSE.O.PLM.10.5
examine signs and symptoms of the diseases of each of the body systems.
HSE.O.PLM.10.6
recognize diagnostic procedures for common diseases of each body system.
HSE.O.PLM.10.7
recognize treatment modalities for diseases of each body systems.
HSE.O.PLM.10.8
discuss principles of infection.
HSE.O.PLM.10.9
recognize infection control measures.
HSE.O.PLM.10.10
determine blood-borne diseases, including their transmission.
HSE.O.PLM.10.11
recognize emerging diseases and disorders.
HSE.O.PLM.10.12
differentiate appropriate medical references and other resources to research and study common diseases
and conditions and to stay current with trends and developments in medicine.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.10)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows a
inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application of thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in concepts of disease. The
standard in concepts of disease. The
omissions in concepts of disease. The
student can communicate the
student can recognize the fundamental
student can identify the fundamental
fundamental nature of disease, including
nature of disease, including injury and
nature of disease, including injury and
injury and repair, inflammation,
repair, inflammation, immunopathology,
repair, inflammation, immunopathology,
immunopathology, infectious disease,
infectious disease, cancer, hemodynamic infectious disease, cancer,
cancer, hemodynamic disorders, and
disorders, and pathologies of selected
hemodynamic disorders, and
pathologies of selected systems;
compare and contrast common diseases
and disorders of each body system (i.e.
etiology, signs and symptoms,
prevention, pathogenesis, diagnoses,
treatment, prognoses); interpret the
predisposing factors and direct causes of
diseases that relate to the human body;
evaluate the general morphology of
organisms and their role in the disease
process; examine signs and symptoms of
the diseases of each of the body
systems; critique diagnostic procedures
for common diseases of each body
system; anticipate treatment modalities
for diseases of each body systems;
interpret principles of infection; choose
infection control measures; compare and
contrast blood-borne diseases, including
their transmission; evaluate emerging
diseases and disorders; and select
appropriate medical references and other
resources to research and study common
diseases and conditions and to stay
current with trends and developments in
medicine. The student can independently
solve problems and is self-directed.
Standard: 11
HSE.S.PLM.11
Objectives
HSE.O.PLM.11.1
HSE.O.PLM.11.2
systems; compare common diseases
and disorders of each body system (i.e.
etiology, signs and symptoms,
prevention, pathogenesis, diagnoses,
treatment, prognoses); distinguish the
predisposing factors and direct causes of
diseases that relate to the human body;
examine the general morphology of
organisms and their role in the disease
process; examine signs and symptoms of
the diseases of each of the body
systems; recognize diagnostic
procedures for common diseases of each
body system; recognize treatment
modalities for diseases of each body
systems; discuss principles of infection;
recognize infection control measures;
determine blood-borne diseases,
including their transmission; recognize
emerging diseases and disorders; and
differentiate appropriate medical
references and other resources to
research and study common diseases
and conditions and to stay current with
trends and developments in medicine.
Application of knowledge and skills is
thorough and effective, and the student
can work independently.
Information Technology Applications
Students will:
 use information technology applications.
 demonstrate use as appropriate to healthcare applications.
Students will
implement the use of software and hardware.
utilize the Internet as a resource/research tool.
pathologies of selected systems;
discuss common diseases and
disorders of each body system (i.e.
etiology, signs and symptoms,
prevention, pathogenesis, diagnoses,
treatment, prognoses); understand the
predisposing factors and direct causes
of diseases that relate to the human
body; review the general morphology of
organisms and their role in the disease
process; explain signs and symptoms of
the diseases of each of the body
systems; identify diagnostic procedures
for common diseases of each body
system; state treatment modalities for
diseases of each body systems; explain
principles of infection; identify infection
control measures; select blood-borne
diseases, including their transmission;
locate information on emerging
diseases and disorders; and find
appropriate medical references and
other resources to research and study
common diseases and conditions and
to stay current with trends and
developments in medicine.
Performance needs further
development and supervision.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.11)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional and The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
exemplary performance with distinctive and and proficient performance and shows a
inconsistent performance of
sophisticated application of knowledge and thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
skills that exceed the standard in
knowledge and skills that meet the
characterized by errors and/or
information technology applications. The
standard in information technology
omissions in information technology
student can incorporate software and
applications. The student can use
application. The student can use
hardware to master standards within this
software and hardware to master
software and hardware to partially
course and interpret data. The student can standards within this course. The
master standards within this course.
utilize the Internet as a resource/research
student can utilize the Internet as a
The student can use the Internet as
tool, consistently evaluating validity. The
resource/research tool, while
a resource/research tool.
student can independently solve problems
understanding the importance of validity. Performance needs further
and is self-directed.
Application of knowledge and skills is
development and supervision.
thorough and effective, and the student
can work independently.
Standard: 12
Career and Technical Student Organization
HSE.S.PLM.12
Students will participate in the local chapter of the Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.12.1
participate in the appropriate Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).
HSE.O.PLM.12.2
use parliamentary procedures in chapter meetings.
HSE.O.PLM.12.3
demonstrate team membership/leadership and problem solving skills.
HSE.O.PLM.12.4
participate in local, state or national projects impacting healthcare and healthcare education.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.12)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of
distinctive and sophisticated application
thorough and effective application of
fundamental knowledge and skills
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that exceeds the
characterized by errors and/or
standard in career and technical student
standard in career and technical student omissions in career and technical
organization. The student can
organization. The student can
student organization. The student is
incorporate team membership/ leadership demonstrate team membership/
aware of the CTSO and active
and problem solving skills into
leadership and problem solving skills
participation is haphazard. The student
participation in the CTSO; implement
through participation in the CTSO; use
is inconsistent in the application of
parliamentary procedure during chapter
meetings; and facilitate the participation
of self and others in projects impacting
health care and health care education.
The student can independently solve
problems and is self-directed.
parliamentary procedures during chapter team membership/leadership and
meetings; and participate in various
problem solving skills, as well as
projects impacting health care and
participation in projects impacting
health care education. Application of
health care and health care education.
knowledge and skills is thorough and
Performance needs further
effective, and the student can work
development and supervision.
independently.
Standard: 13
Literacy and Numeracy
HSE.S.PLM.13
Students will demonstrate the literacy and numeracy skills required to solve complex, real-world problems
associated with their career/technical content area and improve their thinking and reasoning skills.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.13.1
utilize a variety of technical sources (e.g., Internet, manuals, journals, directions, reports, etc.) to complete
career/technical assignments and projects.
HSE.O.PLM.13.2
demonstrate writing skills required to complete career/technical assignments and projects.
HSE.O.PLM.13.3
demonstrate accuracy in calculating and measuring graphical work required to complete career/technical
assignments and projects.
HSE.O.PLM.13.4
analyze tables, charts, graphs and multiple data sources to complete career/technical assignments and
projects.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.13)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows
inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application
a thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in literacy and
standard in literacy and numeracy. The
standard in literacy and numeracy. The numeracy. The student selects a variety
student chooses a variety of technical
student utilizes a variety of technical
of technical sources (e.g., Internet,
sources (e.g., Internet, manuals,
sources (e.g., Internet, manuals,
manuals, journals, directions, reports,
journals, directions, reports, etc.) to
journals, directions, reports, etc.) to
etc.) to complete career/technical
complete career/technical assignments
complete career/technical assignments assignments and projects; reproduces
and projects; performs writing skills
and projects; demonstrates writing
writing skills required to complete
required to complete career/technical
skills required to complete
career/technical assignments and
assignments and projects;
career/technical assignments and
projects; illustrates accuracy in
communicates accuracy in calculating
projects; demonstrates accuracy in
calculating and measuring graphical work
and measuring graphical work required
calculating and measuring graphical
required to complete career/technical
to complete career/technical
work required to complete
assignments and projects; and explains
assignments and projects; and evaluates
tables, charts, graphs and multiple data
sources to complete career/technical
assignments and projects. The student
can independently solve problems and is
self-directed.
career/technical assignments and
tables, charts, graphs and multiple data
projects; and analyzes tables, charts,
sources to complete career/technical
graphs and multiple data sources to
assignments and projects. Performance
complete career/technical assignments needs further development and
and projects. Application of knowledge supervision.
and skills is thorough and effective and
the student can work independently.
st
Standard: 14
21 Century Learning Skills
HSE.S.PLM.14
Students will
 access and manipulate information for use in oral, written, or multimedia format using
appropriate technology skills.
 apply sound reasoning processes to solve complex real-world problems and develop new ideas.
 exhibit leadership and ethical behavior in planning and executing tasks, as an individual or a
group member.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.14.1
search online using a range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for
problem solving.
HSE.O.PLM.14.2
create information for oral, written, and multimedia communications, adhering to copyright laws.
HSE.O.PLM.14.3
engage in problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in
order to independently solve problems.
HSE.O.PLM.14.4
adapt to new situations by considering multiple perspectives and a commitment to continued learning.
HSE.O.PLM.14.5
exhibit ethical behavior and positive leadership while working collaboratively in the school and/or
community.
HSE.O.PLM.14.6
model legal and ethical behaviors in the use of technology.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.14)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows
inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application
a thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in 21st century
st
st
standard in 21 century learning skills.
standard in 21 century learning skills.
learning skills. The student explains
The student assesses online technology The student searches online using a
online technology tools and media to
tools and media to access relevant
range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for
information needed for problem solving;
access relevant information needed for problem solving; identifies information for
critiques information for oral, written, and problem solving; creates information for oral, written, and multimedia
multimedia communications, adhering to
copyright laws; integrates problem
solving and critical thinking processes to
create and evaluate complex strategies
in order to independently solve
problems; interprets new situations by
considering multiple perspectives and a
commitment to continued learning;
incorporates ethical behavior and
positive leadership while working
collaboratively in the school and/or
community; and reinforces legal and
ethical behaviors in the use of
technology. The student can
independently solve problems and is
self-directed.
oral, written, and multimedia
communications, adhering to copyright
communications, adhering to copyright laws; discusses problem solving and
laws; engages in problem solving and
critical thinking processes to create and
critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to
evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems; discusses
independently solve problems; adapts
new situations by considering multiple
to new situations by considering
perspectives and a commitment to
multiple perspectives and a
continued learning; reviews ethical
commitment to continued learning;
behavior and positive leadership while
exhibits ethical behavior and positive
working collaboratively in the school
leadership while working collaboratively and/or community; and describes legal
in the school and/or community; and
and ethical behaviors in the use of
models legal and ethical behaviors in
technology. Performance needs further
the use of technology. Application of
development and supervision.
knowledge and skills is thorough and
effective and the student can work
independently.
Standard: 15
Entrepreneurship Skills
HSE.S.PLM.15
Students will access the opportunities, concepts, processes, and personal traits/behaviors associated with
successful entrepreneurial performance.
Objectives
Students will
HSE.O.PLM.15.1 assess global trends in entrepreneurship that are related to their career/technical program.
HSE.O.PLM.15.2 determine entrepreneurial opportunities in venture creation related to their career/technical program.
HSE.O.PLM.15.3 examine desirable entrepreneurial personality traits.
Performance Descriptors (HSE.PD.PLM.15)
Above Mastery
Mastery
Partial Mastery
The student demonstrates exceptional
The student demonstrates competent
The student demonstrates basic but
and exemplary performance with
and proficient performance and shows
inconsistent performance of fundamental
distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of
knowledge and skills characterized by
of knowledge and skills that exceed the
knowledge and skills that meet the
errors and/or omissions in
standard in entrepreneurship skills. The standard in entrepreneurship skills. The entrepreneurship skills. The student lists
student critiques global trends in
student assesses global trends in
global trends in entrepreneurship that are
entrepreneurship that are related to their entrepreneurship that are related to
related to their career/technical program;
career/technical program; evaluates
their career/technical program;
describes entrepreneurial opportunities in
entrepreneurial opportunities in venture
determines entrepreneurial
venture creation related to their
creation related to their career/technical
program; and assesses desirable
entrepreneurial personality traits. The
student can independently solve
problems and is self-directed.
opportunities in venture creation related
to their career/technical program; and
examines desirable entrepreneurial
personality traits. Application of
knowledge and skills is thorough and
effective and the student can work
independently.
career/technical program; and identifies
desirable entrepreneurial personality
traits. Performance needs further
development and supervision.