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Chapter 1 What is Psych
Definition of Psych
Principle = Law
Careers in Psych
Difference between Psychologist and Psychiatrist
History of Psych (structuralism, functionalism, associationism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, Gestalt)
Theorists (Pavlov, Skinner, Freud, Watson, James, Wundt)
Contemporary Perspectives (chart on page 25)
Chapter 2 Psych Experiments
Research (psychological constructs, surveys, target population, random sample, stratified sample)
Hawthorne Effect (participant bias, confirmation bias)
Methods of Observation (visuals on p.46-47)
Analysis (positive/negative correlation, limits)
Statistics
Mean, median, mode = central tendency
Standard deviation, range = dispersion
Experimental Method
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Experimental Group
Control Group
Placebo
Single and Double Blind studies (visual p. 53)
Ethics
Conditions of deception
Informed Consent
APA
Chapter 3 BioPsych
Nervous System
CNS, PNS (Flow Chart Worksheet)
Parts of a neuron in order (drawing)
How messages are sent (sensory and motor neurons)
Fight or Flight response
Brain
Function of structures: (Brain Surgery)
Medulla
Pons
Cerebellum
RAS
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Amygdala
Limbic System
Cerebral Cortex
Corpus Collosum
4 Lobes of Brain
Endocrine System
Glands and hormones
How are hormones like neurotransmitters
Pituitary
Thyroid
Adrenal
Ovaries and Testes
Nature (genes) vs. Nurture (environment)
Genes and chromosomes
Twin Studies
Adoptee Studies
Chapter 4 Senstation and Perception
Sensation (def)
Absolute Threshold (chart on page 97)
Difference Threshold
Sensory Adaptation
Signal-detection theory
Vision
Rods and Cones
After images
Lens
ROY G BIV
Optic Nerve
Hearing
Pitch=frequency
Loudness=amplitude
Auditory nerve
Cochlea
Conductive and Sensorineural Deafness
Taste
Gustation
Umami, salt, sweet, bitter, sour
Smell
Olfactory
Chemical sense
Sensory Adaptation dangerous
Skin
Pressure, pain, temperature
Gate Control Theory
Body
Vestibular
Kinesthetic
Perception (definition)
Rules of organization
Movement
Depth Perception (monocular, binocular cues)
Visual Illusions (Muller-Lyer , Ponzo)
Chapter 6 Learning
Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Response
Conditioned Stimulus (Chart on page 160)
Extinction
Spontaneous Recovery
Generalization/Discrimination
Flooding/systematic desensitization
Counterconditioning
Operant Conditioning (Skinner)
Reinforcement
Primary reinforcers
Secondary reinforcers
Positive reinforcers (chart on pg. 166 and worksheet from class)
Negative reinforcers
Rewards (used synonymously with positive reinforcers)
Punishments
Schedules of reinforcement
Continuous
Partial
Fixed interval
Variable interval
Fixed Ratio
Variable Ratio
Extinction
Shaping
Chaining
Cognitive Factors
Latent and observational
PQ4R- Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite, Review (Chart on p. 179)
Chapter 7 Memory
3 3’s of Memory
Kinds
Episodic
Semantic
Implicit
(explicit)
Processess
Encoding
OTTFFSSENT
Visual and Acoustic
Semantic
Storage
Maintenance Rehearsal
Elaborative Rehearsal
Organizational filing system in brain as at home in a file cabinet (filing errors)
Retrieval
Context dependent memories
State dependent memories
Tip of the Tongue Phenomenon
Stages
Sensory Memory
Iconic
Echoic
Short-Term Memory
Primacy effect
Recency effect
Chunking (phone numbers – 7 items)
Interference
Long-Term Memory
Memory Reconstruction
Schemas
Capacity
Forgetting and Improvement
Tasks
Recognition
Recall
Relearning
Kinds
Decay
Repression
Amnesia
Retrograde, Anterograde, Infantile
Strategies
Drill and practice
Relating to existing knowledge
Form unusual associations
Use Mnemonic Devices
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