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Floriculture Plant Identification
G-L
152-174
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152
Gardenia jasminoides ‘Fortuniana’
Gardenia
Other names: cape jasmine, gandharaj
Colors: white, cream, tan
Characteristics: shrub w/ waxy white flwr
Type of plant: cut flower; flowering
houseplant
• Size: 6-8’ tall, flower 3-5” wide
• Growth requirements: sensitive to temp;
moist atmosphere desirable
• Other: fragrant flowers; native to tropics
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Gardenia jasminoides ‘Fortuniana’
Gardenia
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Gardenia jasminoides ‘Fortuniana’
Gardenia
153
Gladiolus x hortulanus cv.
Garden Gladiolus
• Other names: glads
• Colors: various
• Characteristics: showy, irregular funnelshaped flowers; sword- shaped leaves
• Type of plant: annual; cut flower
• Size: 36-48” tall
• Growth requirements: full sun
• Other: 180 different species; native to
southern Africa and Mediterranean area
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Gladiolus x hortulanus cv.
Garden Gladiolus
153
Gladiolus x hortulanus cv.
Garden Gladiolus
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Gladiolus x hortulanus cv.
Garden Gladiolus
154
Gerbera jamesonii
Transvaal Daisy
• Other names: gerbera daisy; gerb
• Colors: various
• Characteristics: dark green leaves with
tall stems
• Type of plant: cut flower; flowering
houseplant
• Size: 18-24” tall
• Growth requirements: full sun light; moist
Acid well-drained soil
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Gerbera jamesonii
Transvaal Daisy
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Gerbera jamesonii
Transvaal Daisy
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Gerbera jamesonii
Transvaal Daisy
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Gerbera jamesonii
Transvaal Daisy
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Gynura aurantiaca ‘Sarmentosa’
“Purple Passion”, Velvet Plant
• Other names:
• Colors: orange flowers
• Characteristics: fuzzy textured leaves,
purple veins
• Type of plant: houseplant
• Size: 24-36” tall
• Growth requirements: moist soil; sun to
partial shade
• Other: poisonous
155
Gynura aurantiaca ‘Sarmentosa’
“Purple Passion”, Velvet Plant
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156
Gypsophila elegans cv.
Baby’s Breath
Other names: Covent garden
Colors: white or pink
Characteristics:
Type of plant: cut flower
Size: 12-18” tall
Growth requirements: full sun, don’t
overwater
• Other: early summer to late Autumn
bloom; excellent background in
156
Gypsophila elegans cv.
Baby’s Breath
156
Gypsophila elegans cv.
Baby’s Breath
156
Gypsophila elegans cv.
Baby’s Breath
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157
Hedra helix cv.
English Ivy
Other names: common ivy
Colors: green, white, yellow, or cream
Characteristics: 3 or 5 lobed green leaves
Type of plant: climbing vines; houseplant
Size: 30-40’ if allowed to grow
Growth requirements: sun to partial shade
Other: cling to upright surfaces
157
Hedra helix cv.
English Ivy
157
Hedra helix cv.
English Ivy
157
Hedra helix cv.
English Ivy
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158
Heptapleurum arboricola
Dwarf Schefflera, Dwarf Octopus
Plant
Other names: parasol plant; umbrella tree
Colors: green with yellow varigation
Characteristics: palmate leaf
Type of plant: tropical houseplant
Size: 3-4’ tall
Growth requirements: low light, moist
Other:
158
Heptapleurum arboricola
Dwarf Schefflera, Dwarf Octopus Plant
158
Heptapleurum arboricola
Dwarf Schefflera, Dwarf Octopus Plant
158
Heptapleurum arboricola
Dwarf Schefflera, Dwarf Octopus Plant
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159
Hemerocallis cv.
Daylily
Other names:
Colors: various
Characteristics: lance shaped foliage
Type of plant: perennial
Size: 10-40” tall
Growth requirements: full sun
Other: flowers last only a day; multiply
quick; used in Chinese cuisine
159
Hemerocallis cv.
Daylily
159
Hemerocallis cv.
Daylily
160
Hippeastrum hybrid cv.
Amaryllis
• Other names: apple blossom
• Colors: red, orange, pink, salmon, white,
& multicolored varieties
• Characteristics: shiny, glossy texture
• Type of plant: bulb
• Size: 18-24” tall
• Growth requirements: sun to partial shade
• Other: fragrant; popular around the
holiday season
160
Hippeastrum hybrid cv.
Amaryllis
160
Hippeastrum hybrid cv.
Amaryllis
160
Hippeastrum hybrid cv.
Amaryllis
161
Hosta undulata
Plantain Lily
• Other names:
• Colors: from blue to green or gold
• Characteristics: large clumps of green
foliage and spikes of lily shaped flowers
• Type of plant: perennial
• Size: 15-22” tall
• Growth requirements: filtered sunlight;
drier soil
• Other:
161
Hosta undulata
Plantain Lily
161
Hosta undulata
Plantain Lily
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Hosta undulata
Plantain Lily
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Hosta undulata
Plantain Lily
162
Hoya carnosa
Wax Plant
• Other names: porcelain flower
• Colors: green
• Characteristics: waxy leaves and wax-like
clusters of flowers; flower in the cluster
has a star-shaped crown in its center
• Type of plant: houseplant
• Size: 12-15” tall
• Growth requirements: don’t over water;
filtered sunlight; dry soil
162
Hoya carnosa
Wax Plant
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Hoya carnosa
Wax Plant
163
Hyacinthus orientalis cv.
Hyacinth
• Other names: Roman hyacinth, french
hyacinth
• Colors: blue, white, yellow, pink, and red
• Characteristics: shiny, medium green
leaves which appear slightly folded;
blooms are trumpet-shaped and arranged
tightly on leafless stalk
• Type of plant: bulb
• Size: 12-18” tall
163
Hyacinthus orientalis cv.
Hyacinth
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Hyacinthus orientalis cv.
Hyacinth
164
Hydrangea macrophylla cv.
French (Florist’s) Hydrangea
• Other names:
• Colors: acid soil blooms-blue, in alkaline
soil-pink flowers, neutral-white
• Characteristics: medium to dark green
leaves
• Type of plant: perennial; flowering
houseplant; cut flower
• Size: 6’
• Growth requirements: abundance of water;
164
Hydrangea macrophylla cv.
French (Florist’s) Hydrangea
164
Hydrangea macrophylla cv.
French (Florist’s) Hydrangea
164
Hydrangea macrophylla cv.
French (Florist’s) Hydrangea
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165
Impatiens hybrid cv.
Impatiens
Other names:
Colors: various
Characteristics: waxy green leaves
Type of plant: annual bedding plant
Size: 8-12” tall
Growth requirements: shade
Other: very showy
165
Impatiens hybrid cv.
Impatiens
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Impatiens hybrid cv.
Impatiens
166
Iris x germanica florentina cv.
Flag (Bearded) Iris
• Other names:
• Colors: Blues to whites to reds almost any
color
• Characteristics: Big blooms
• Type of plant: Perennial
• Size: 4-6’ tall
• Growth requirements:
• Other: Can grow in Desert, swamps, cold,
an d Temperate climates
166
Iris x germanica florentina cv.
Flag (Bearded) Iris
166
Iris x germanica florentina cv.
Flag (Bearded) Iris
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167
Iris x xiphium cv.
Dutch Iris
Other names:
Colors: various
Characteristics:
Type of plant: perennial
Size:Grows up to three feet tall
Growth requirements:
Other: native to Russia
167
Iris x xiphium cv.
Dutch Iris
167
Iris x xiphium cv.
Dutch Iris
167
Iris x xiphium cv.
Dutch Iris
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168
Justicia brandegeana
Shrimp Plant
Other names:
Colors: pink, white
Characteristics:
Type of plant: perennial; houseplant
Size: 24-36” tall
Growth requirements:
Other:
168
Justicia brandegeana
Shrimp Plant
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169
Kalanchoe x blossfeldiana cv.
Kalanchoe
Other names:
Colors: various
Characteristics:
Type of plant: succulent houseplant
Size: 6-14” tall
Growth requirements: only water when
soil feels dry
• Other:
169
Kalanchoe x blossfeldiana cv.
Kalanchoe
169
Kalanchoe x blossfeldiana cv.
Kalanchoe
169
Kalanchoe x blossfeldiana cv.
Kalanchoe
170
Liatris spicata
Liatris
• Other names:
• Colors: purple
• Characteristics: round-headed blazing
Star
• Type of plant: perennial; cut flower
• Size: 2-4’ tall
• Growth requirements:
• Other: native wild flower of North Dakota
– used for medicine and food for Indians
170
Liatris spicata
Liatris
170
Liatris spicata
Liatris
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Liatris spicata
Liatris
171
Lilium longiflorum cv.
Trumpet (Easter) Lily
• Other names:
• Colors: white
• Characteristics: petals are a trumpet like
formation that are long & white; leaves are
green slender and layer upwards
• Type of plant: flowering houseplant
• Size: 2-3’ tall
• Growth requirements:
• Other:
171
Lilium longiflorum cv.
Trumpet (Easter) Lily
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Lilium x hybridum cv.
Hybrid (Garden) Lily
• Other names:
• Colors: various
• Characteristics: petals are long and have a
variety of colors with some colored spots;
leaves are green, narrow, long, & layered
upwards
• Type of plant: perennial; cut flower
• Size: 18-24” tall
• Growth requirements: water reg.
172
Lilium x hybridum cv.
Hybrid (Garden) Lily
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Lilium x hybridum cv.
Hybrid (Garden) Lily
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Lilium x hybridum cv.
Hybrid (Garden) Lily
173
Limonium sinuatum
Statice
• Other names:
• Colors: golden, lemon-yellow, white,
cream, salmon-pink purple, & blue
• Characteristics: leaf structure is oblong &
deeply waved
• Type of plant: perennial; cut flower
• Size: 18-24” tall
• Growth requirements: average water
• Other: small flowers used in dried arranging
173
Limonium sinuatum
Statice
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Limonium sinuatum
Statice
174
Lobularia maritima
Sweet Alyssum
• Other names:
• Colors: white, lilac, pink, and violet
• Characteristics: leaf like structure is low,
rounded, compact habit with lance shaped
grayish green leaves; ball of flowers
• Type of plant: self seeding annual
• Size: under 6” tall
• Growth requirements: full sun; average
water
174
Lobularia maritima
Sweet Alyssum
174
Lobularia maritima
Sweet Alyssum
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