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Contents
Foreword, by Martin E. Marty
Editor's Preface
Introduction by Harry J. McSorley
xi
xiii
xv
PART I
PRE- AND NON-CHALCEDONIAN CHURCHES
^l^The Church before Chalcedon
A Formative Period: From the Council of Nicaea (325) to the
Council of Constantinople (381)
The Church of the East and of the Assyrians
^^The Non-Chalcedonian Churches
The Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch in the United States and
Canada
The Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar in the United States
The Armenian Church
The Armenian Diocese of North America Under the Catholicate of
all Armenians at Holy Etchmiadzin
Prelacy of the Armenian Apostolic Church of America
Coptic Orthodox Church, Diocese of North America
Ethiopian Orthodox Church in the United States of America
3
3
4
13
13
16
16
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20
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23
PART II
EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCHES
^3^ Eastern Orthodoxy
The Division between the East and the West
History
Eastern Orthodoxy in Russia
Worldwide Eastern Orthodoxy
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32
34
36
38
v
http://d-nb.info/1074199359
vi
Contents
Eastern Orthodox Theology
The "Mysteries"
Noneucharistic Worship, the Calendar, and Canon Law
Eastern Orthodox Missions
Eastern Orthodoxy and Other Christian Denominations
Eastern Orthodoxy in North America
'
4. Eastern Orthodox Churches in the United States and Canada
The Orthodox Church in America
Patriarchal Parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the United
States and Canada
The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America
Hellenic Traditionalist Orthodox Diocese of Astoria, New York
Holy Greek Orthodox Church of America
The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the United States of America
The Ukrainian Greek-Orthodox Church in Canada
The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of America (Ecumenical
Patriarchate)
La Santa lglesia Catolica Apostolica Ortodoxa de Puerto Rico
The Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in the United
States of America
\Holy\ Ukrainian Autocephalic Orthodox Church in Exile
The Byelorussian Autocephalic Orthodox Church
Byelorussian Orthodox Parishes under the Jurisdiction of the
Ecumenical Patriarch
The American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Diocese
The Holy Orthodox Church in America (Eastern Catholic and
Apostolic)
Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church in America
Estonian Orthodox Church in Exile
American Finnish Orthodox Mission
The Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Church (Diocese of North and
South America and Australia)
The Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Church (Diocese of the United
States of America and Canada)
The Serbian Orthodox Community in America
Serbian Orthodox Church in the United States of America and
Canada
Serbian Orthodox Diocese in the United States of America and
Canada
Macedonian Orthodox Churches, Diocese of America, Canada, and
Australia
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50
50
52
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70
11
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14
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11
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Contents
vii
The Romanian Orthodox Community
The Romanian Orthodox Missionary Episcopate in America
The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America
Western Hemisphere Romanian Orthodox Missionary Episcopate
of Canada
The Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese in America
The Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America
82
82
82
5. Churches Deriving Their Orders from Eastern Orthodox and Other
Eastern Sources
The American Catholic Church (Syro-Antiochian)
The African Orthodox Church
The Church of Antioch, Malabar Rite
The Archdiocese of New York of the American Catholic Church
The Holy Orthodox Catholic Patriarchate of America
The Orthodox-Catholic Church of America
Christ Catholic Church of the Americas and Europe
Byelorussian (White Ruthenian) Patriarchate of St. Andrew the
Apostle, the First-Called
The Diocese of Brooklyn and New Jersey of the Autocephalous
Greek Orthodox Church of America (Newark, New Jersey)
Universal Shrine of Divine Guidance of the Universal Faith
(Apostolic Universal Center)
American Orthodox Catholic Church
The American Synod of the Holy Orthodox Church
Ukrainian Autocephalic Church of North and South America
6. The Russian Old Believers
Priestist Old Ritualists
The Old Orthodox Church (Russian Old Believers, Pomortsi)
Other Bezpopovtsy
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83
84
90
92
92
94
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96
96
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98
99
100
101
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103
108
110
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113
PART in
THE CHURCH IN THE WEST:
THE FIRST FIFTEEN CENTURIES
7. Theological and Ecclesiastical Leadership
Theologians
Councils
The Bishops of Rome
8. Dogma and Doctrine
Creeds
Specific Doctrines
119
119
129
137
148
148
153
VIII
Contents
9. Worship and Church Life
Liturgy and Worship
Religious Life
Missions
Canon Law
Advocates of Reform
165
165
167
170
171
173
PART IV
THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
10. From the Council of Trent to Vatican II
The Council of Trent
The Counter-Reformation
The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
The Nineteenth Century
Into the Twentieth Century
Vatican Council II
Developments since Vatican Council II
11. Movements within Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholic Modernism
The Biblical Movement
The Liturgical Movement
Changing Roman Catholic Attitudes toward the Ecumenical
Movement
The Lay Movement
12. Theology and Doctrine
Roman Catholic Theology Today
Theological Degrees of Certainty
God and the Universe
Creation
Angels and Demons
Predestination
Revelation and Dogma
Human Beings and Sin
Christ and Mary
179
179
182
184
186
190
191
194
203
203
204
205
206
207
211
211
212
213
215
216
217
218
223
226
Contents
13. Nature and Function of the Church
The Church
Bishops, Cardinals, and Priests
The Communion of Saints
Religious Freedom
•Religious Education and Catechetics
The Religious
The Priesthood of the Faithful
The Impact of the Ecumenical Movement on the Roman Catholic
Doctrine of the Church
The Pope
The Roman Catholic Church and Non-Christians
The Roman Catholic Church and Secret Societies
Roman Catholic Missions and Missionary Practice
Roman Catholicism in the United States and Canada
IX
239
239
241
244
247
248
248
250
251
254
256
258
259
263
PART V
CHURCHES DERIVED FROM
POST-TRIDENTINE ROMAN CATHOLICISM
14. The Old Catholic Communion in Europe
Polish National Catholic Church of America
15. Other Churches Claiming Old Catholic Orders
The North American Old Roman Catholic Church (Brooklyn,
New York)
The North American Old Roman Catholic Church (Chicago,
Illinois)
The Old Catholic Church in America
North American Province of the Old Roman Catholic Church
Evangelical Orthodox Church in America (Nonpapal Catholic
Establishment, Diocese of the Western States)
The Old Catholic Church in North America
Old Roman Catholic Church in Europe and North America
(English Rite)
The Ontario Old Roman Catholic Church
The Old Roman Catholic Church (Orthodox Orders)
The Orthodox Old Roman Catholic Church, II
Ultrajectine Ordinariate, Holy Catholic Church (Old Roman
Catholic Church, Incorporated; The [Roman] Catholic Legation
[of Utrecht])
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287
288
288
289
290
290
291
292
293
294
X
Contents
The Brotherhood of the Pleroma and Order of the Pleroma,
Including the Hermetic Brotherhood of Light (Formerly the
Brotherhood and Order of the Illuminati); Pre-Nicene Catholic
(Gnostic) Church
The Liberal Catholic Movement
The Liberal Catholic Church, Province of the United States and
Province of Canada
International Liberal Catholic Church
The Liberal Catholic Church (Miranda, California)
16. The Renovated Church of Jesus Christ
Index
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