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February 23, 2015 • An Advertising Supplement to the San Fernando Valley Business Journal
Heart Disease &
Stroke Awareness
New American Heart Association
Statistics Take Global View
or the first time in the 50 years that the
American Heart Association/American
Stroke Association has released an annual
snapshot of heart disease and stroke statistics in
the U.S., the new report adds a global view.
Health data compiled from more than 190
countries show heart disease remains the No. 1
global cause of death with 17.3 million deaths
each year, according to “Heart Disease and Stroke
Statistics — 2015 Update: A Report From the
American Heart Association.” That number is
expected to rise to more than 23.6 million by
2030, the report found.
Stroke remains the No. 2 cause of death in the
world. The stroke death rate — the number of
deaths per 100,000 people — went down between
1990 and 2010. However, the number of people
having first and recurrent strokes each year went
up, reaching 33 million in 2010.
Here are a few key statistics about heart disease,
stroke, other cardiovascular diseases and their risk
factors, in addition to commonly cited statistics
about the association’s research program:
Heart Disease, Stroke and other
Cardiovascular Diseases
• Cardiovascular disease is the leading global cause
of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per
year, a number that is expected to grow to more
than 23.6 million by 2030.
• In 2008, cardiovascular deaths represented 30
percent of all global deaths, with 80 percent of
those deaths taking place in low- and middleincome countries.
• Nearly 787,000 people in the U.S. died from
heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular
diseases in 2011. That’s about one of every three
deaths in America.
• About 2,150 Americans die each day from these
diseases, one every 40 seconds.
• Cardiovascular diseases claim more lives than all
forms of cancer combined.
• About 85.6 million Americans are living with
some form of cardiovascular disease or the aftereffects of stroke.
• Direct and indirect costs of cardiovascular diseases and stroke total more than $320.1 billion.
That includes health expenditures and lost productivity.
• Nearly half of all African-American adults have
some form of cardiovascular disease, 48 percent
of women and 46 percent of men.
• Heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death in the
world and the leading cause of death in the
United States, killing over 375,000 Americans a
• Heart disease accounts for 1 in 7 deaths in the
• Someone in the U.S. dies from heart disease
about once every 90 seconds.
Heart Disease
• From 2001 to 2011, the death rate from heart
disease has fallen about 39 percent – but the
burden and risk factors remain alarmingly high.
• Heart disease strikes someone in the U.S. about
once every 43 seconds.
• Heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death in the
United States, killing over 375,000 people a year.
• Heart disease is the No. 1 killer of women, taking
more lives than all forms of cancer combined.
• Over 39,000 African-Americans died from heart
disease in 2011.
• Cardiovascular operations and procedures
increased about 28 percent from 2000 to 2010,
according to federal data, totaling about 7.6 million in 2010.
• About 735,000 people in the U.S. have heart
attacks each year. Of those, about 120,000 die.
• About 635,000 people in the U.S. have a firsttime heart attack each year, and about 300,000
have recurrent heart attacks.
• In 2010, worldwide prevalence of stroke was
33 million, with 16.9 million people having a
first stroke. Stroke was the second-leading
global cause of death behind heart disease,
accounting for 11.13% of total deaths worldwide.
• Stroke is the No. 4 cause of death in the United
States, killing nearly 129,000 people a year.
• Stroke kills someone in the U.S. about once
every four minutes.
• African-Americans have nearly twice the
risk for a first-ever stroke than white people, and a much higher death rate from
• Over the past 10 years, the death rate from
stroke has fallen about 35 percent and the number of stroke deaths has dropped about 21 percent.
• About 795,000 people have a stroke every year.
• Someone in the U.S. has a stroke about once
every 40 seconds.
• Stroke causes 1 of every 20 deaths in the U.S.
• Stroke is a leading cause of disability.
• Stroke is the leading preventable cause of
Continued on page 33
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About Those Designations:
All Emergency Rooms are Not Created Equal
oments matter in the event of a
heart attack or stroke. But even
more important than getting
immediate medical attention is receiving
care from a facility with the highly
trained doctors and nurses using the
advanced technology necessary for your
life-threatening emergency.
Fortunately, paramedics in the field
know which hospitals offer the leadingedge specialty care that set them apart
for different types of emergencies. It is
not uncommon for them to bypass the
closest hospital for the best hospital for
that type of emergency, even if it is farther away. Some hospitals have taken
their emergency departments to the next
level by pursuing center of excellence
status for certain medical conditions.
Brain attack, more commonly known as
a stroke, is one example where having
advanced specialty care can literally
make the difference between life or
Patients who receive tPA within four
hours have a better chance of recovering
from a stroke. This four-hour window is
why it is so important to correctly diagnose and treat a stroke appropriately.
Not all hospitals have personnel trained
to deliver tPA.
Endovascular procedures may also be
used to treat certain hemorrhagic strokes
similar to the way the procedure is used
for treating an ischemic stroke. For
strokes caused by a bleed within the
brain, surgical treatment may be required
to stop the bleeding.
Because of the medical competencies
and advanced technology needed to rapidly diagnose and treat stroke, the
nation’s primary accrediting organization, The Joint Commission, created the
Advanced Primary Stroke Center
Certification. To attain this designation, a
medical center must demonstrate that it
has the equipment, infrastructure, staff,
and training programs needed to quickly
diagnose and treat patients presenting
Different Strokes
with acute stroke. The Joint Commission
Stroke impacts the arteries leading to
performs an initial extensive on-site
– and within – the brain. It is the No. 4
review of a facility’s compliance with specause of death and a leading
cific standards and protocols
cause of disability in the
that have been proven to result
United States. According to the
in better outcomes for stroke
Centers for Disease Control,
patients. Follow-up surveys are
nearly 800,000 people have a
conducted every few years to
stroke in the U.S. each year.
ensure continuing compliance.
The treatment for a brain
Only hospitals with Advanced
attack depends on the kind of stroke the
Primary Stroke Center Certification are
patient has suffered. The only FDAequipped to quickly treat stroke victims.
approved treatment for ischemic stroke
For instance, Antelope Valley Hospital
is tissue plasminogen activator (tPA),
(AVH) just recently achieved Advanced
which is administered intravenously in
Primary Stroke Center Certification. The
the arm. tPA dissolves the clot and
Joint Commission surveyors found the
improves blood flow to the brain. In
hospital met or exceeded all requiresome patients, an endovascular procements. AVH averages 45 minutes from
dure performed by specially trained docthe time a stroke patient arrives at the
tors may be used to deliver tPA directly
hospital until the tPA drug is adminisinto the blood clot. In other cases, the
tered, significantly lower than the 60doctor may attempt to remove the clot.
minute goal set by the American Stroke
Fortunately, paramedics in the field know which
hospitals offer the leading-edge specialty care that
set them apart for different types of emergencies. It
is not uncommon for them to bypass the closest
hospital for the best hospital for that type of emergency, even if it is farther away. Some hospitals have
taken their emergency departments to the next level
by pursuing center of excellence status for certain
medical conditions. Brain attack, more commonly
known as a stroke, is one example where having
advanced specialty care can literally make the
difference between life or death.
Association. AVH treats more than 500
cases of stroke a year.
STEMI Designation – What’s That About?
Each year, nearly 400,000 people
experience a severe type of heart attack
known as an ST Elevation Myocardial
Infarction, or STEMI. These attacks carry
a substantial risk of death and disability
because they are caused by a prolonged
period of blocked blood supply that
affects a large area of the heart.
Unfortunately, a significant number of
these people do not receive timely treatment. So the emergency medical community responded several years ago by
creating a designation known as a STEMI
receiving center.
STEMI receiving centers are emergency rooms that offer the equipment,
medical expertise and facilities to administer percutaneous coronary intervention
(PCI), a mechanical means of treating
heart attack patients. Although PCI is the
preferred means of treating STEMI
patients, only 25 percent of hospitals in
the United States are equipped to do so.
These PCI-capable hospitals are called
STEMI-receiving hospitals because they
are well equipped to receive and treat
STEMI patients. An established goal of 90
minutes from “door to balloon time” –
or the point at which patients enter an
emergency room’s doors to their evaluation in the cath lab – is the gold standard of treatment in STEMI receiving
While many people will never need
the services of an Advanced Primary
Stroke Center or STEMI receiving center,
chances are someone they love will. For
many people, it is reassuring to know in
advance which facilities offer the highest
level of care. And that’s when those designations really make a difference.
Information for this article was provided by
Antelope Valley Hospital.
Positive Factors in Youth Linked to
Better Heart Health Later in Life
hildren with favorable psychosocial experiences may
have better cardiovascular
health in adulthood, according to
new research in the American Heart
Association journal Circulation.
Positive psychosocial factors
include growing up in a family that
practices healthy habits, is financially secured, is a stable emotional environment, and where children learn
to control aggressiveness and impulsiveness and fit in socially.
In a Finnish study, participants
with the most psychosocial advantages in youth scored higher on an
ideal cardiovascular health index in
adulthood than those with the least
psychosocial advantages.
To calculate “ideal cardiovascular
health,” researchers used the
American Heart Association’s Life’s
Simple 7: being active, controlling
cholesterol, eating healthy, controlling blood pressure, losing weight,
reducing blood sugar and stopping
Results from the study revealed
those with the most psychosocial
advantages in childhood had:
• 14 percent greater chance of being
at normal weight as an adult;
• 12 percent greater chance of being
a non-smoker as an adult; and
• 11 percent greater chance to have
a healthy glucose level as an adult.
“The choices parents make have a
long-lasting effect on their children’s
future health, and improvement in
any one thing can have measurable
benefits,” said Laura Pulkki-Råback,
Ph.D., study senior author and
research fellow at the University of
Helsinki in Finland. “For instance, if
an unemployed parent gets steady
employment, the effect may be huge.
If he or she also quits smoking, the
benefit is even greater. All efforts to
improve family well-being are beneficial.”
Researchers initiated the project
with 3,577 children ranging in age
from 3-18. They measured six factors: socioeconomic status, emotional
stability, parental health behaviors,
stressful events, self-regulation of
behavioral problems and social
adjustment. Twenty-seven years
later, researchers assessed 1,089 of
the participants 30-45 years old to
determine their level of ideal cardiovascular health.
Favorable socioeconomic status
and self-regulatory behavior, meaning good aggression and impulse
control, in youth were the strongest
predictors of ideal cardiovascular
health in adulthood.
Early experiences appear to have
cardiovascular health benefits for all
people. The results also highlight
the importance of early life stages —
periods during which other studies
have proven cardiovascular diseases
begin to root.
“Scientific evidence supports the
fact that investing in the well-being
of children and families will be cost
effective in the long run because it
decreases healthcare costs at the
other end of life (old age),” she said.
“The knowledge is out there, and
now it is a question of values and
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Cardiac Rehabilitation: An Essential Part of Recovery
ardiac rehabilitation is an important next step in recovery for
those who have experienced a
recent heart attack, heart surgery,
angioplasty, or angina. In fact, it has
been shown to reduce the incidence of
re-hospitalization; decrease the need for
cardiac medications; lessen the chances
for another cardiac event; slow the progression of damage to blood vessels in
the heart; and improve overall health.
Full-service cardiac rehab programs
provide patients a continuum of preventive care, including exercise and
fitness, nutritional services, and education. Facilities are staffed by specially
trained cardiac nurses who monitor
patients, helping them stay on track
with their lifestyle changes and medications.
Eat, Move, Sleep
Eat Healthy: Eat five servings a day of
fruits and vegetables, and avoid foods
high in saturated fat and trans fats.
Get Moving: 13 minutes of moderate
exercise each day can reduce your
heart disease risk by up to 50 percent.
Sleep Well: Try to get eight hours of
good, quality sleep each night.
Cardiac rehab
programs focus on
specialized individual care, providing
guidance and
encouragement as
patients recover. Cardiac rehabilitation
teams maintain close contact with
physicians, who receive regular progress
reports on their patients.
While in the program, a patient’s
cardiac risk factors such as blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, inactivity,
diabetes and stress are assessed. A safe
exercise and risk factor reduction plan
is then put into place, with recommendations given to promote a heart
healthy lifestyle.
Regular participation in a cardiac
rehab program improves stamina and
strength, increases confidence and wellbeing, and lessens the physical and
emotional effects of heart disease. The
ultimate goal is to motivate and
encourage patients to become active
participants in their health care.
The Three Phases of Cardiac
• Phase One: In-patient
Rehabilitation and Education
During hospitalization and prior to
discharge, the patient receives education on identifying and reducing risk
factors for heart disease, and learns how
to make therapeutic lifestyle changes to
Full-service cardiac rehab programs provide
patients a continuum of preventive care,
including exercise and fitness, nutritional
services, and education. Facilities are staffed by
specially trained cardiac nurses who monitor
patients, helping them stay on track with
their lifestyle changes and medications.
improve their health and quality of life.
• Phase Two: Post-discharge
During this time, the patient participates in a monitored, supervised exercise program that is tailored to their
needs and abilities. This phase includes
a more detailed education program that
focuses on blood pressure control, heart
healthy nutrition, safe exercise and
stress management techniques.
Education increases patient awareness
about how to implement lifestyle modifications and promote healthy living.
• Phase Three: Maintenance and
Ongoing Education
This phase can last indefinitely, and
may be the most important phase of
rehabilitation. By phase three, patients
typically regain independence but must
be diligent about maintaining the
lifestyle changes that they have made
during supervised rehabilitation. This
phase is more about supervised maintenance and prevention and gives
patients the opportunity to stay in a
supervised exercise program.
Information provided by Henry Mayo
Newhall Memorial Hospital
Cardiovascular Services located in
Valencia. Henry Mayo is one of very few
hospitals in the Los Angeles area to offer
all three phases of Cardiac Rehabilitation
Services, in addition to a full continuum of
Cardiac Services. For more information or
to make an appointment to visit Henry
Mayo’s new, state-of-the-art Cardiac
Rehabilitation Center, please call
(661) 253-8756 or (661) 253-8000.
We take our patients’
care to heart.
What makes Antelope Valley Hospital the area’s top choice
for heart and vascular care?
• Its newly opened Institute for Heart & Vascular Care
offering complete care for the detection, prevention
and treatment of heart and vascular conditions all in
one convenient location.
• As a STEMI Receiving Center, Antelope Valley Hospital
has the expertise, equipment, and facilities to handle the
most dangerous type of heart attack, which significantly
improves survival rates.
• The most advanced technology to diagnose and treat
heart and vascular conditions.
• A team of cardiologists, radiologists, cardiac surgeons
and nurses who are specially trained and highly
experienced in all aspects of cardiovascular care.
• As an Advanced Primary Stroke Center, Antelope Valley
Hospital is equipped to quickly treat stroke victims.
Celebrating 60 years of quality care
with compassion and respect.
1600 West Avenue J • Lancaster, CA 93534
(661) 949-5000 •
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Bringing Certified Advanced Primary Stroke and
Chest Pain Treatment to the Los Angeles County Region
eart disease is the leading cause of
death in the United States for
both men and women. That’s
why Glendale Adventist Medical Center
(GAMC), makes keeping people’s hearts
healthy one of its top priorities. To fulfill
this mission, GAMC offers the newly
instated, fully equipped, Heart & Vascular
Institute, where some of the area’s top
physicians have come together to bring
the community the most advanced treatment options available in cardiology, cardiovascular disease, electrophysiology,
interventional radiology and much more.
“A heart-healthy lifestyle can reduce
your chances of ever developing heart disease. Losing weight, exercising regularly,
and eating better will improve the health
of your heart,” said Dr. Harry Balian, medical director of cardiovascular interventional procedures and services. “Begin
with an assessment of your heart to find
out if you are at risk. An early diagnosis
can save your life if you do have heart
GAMC strives for excellence every day.
As such, the hospital was recently identified as the “Number One Top Performer”
for its STEMI Receiving Center. GAMC
had the lowest door-to-balloon time out
of 34 L.A. County hospitals – ranging
from 41 to 75 minutes. What this means
for a heart attack patient is that GAMC
has the fastest treatment time from arrival
at the Emergency Department to transfer
to Cardiac Catheterization to restore
blood flow to the heart. The hospital has
had the STEMI program designation from
Emergency Medical Services Agency of
Los Angeles County for the past six years.
“Symptoms of heart attack can include:
chest pain, back pain, nausea, epigastric
pain, fatigue, dizziness and/or vomiting.
Time is muscle. If you or someone you
know are experiencing these symptoms,
call 911 immediately,” said Dr. Balian.
The Heart & Vascular Institute
Outpatient Clinic celebrated a grand opening last year, July 9, 2014. GAMC is home
to one of the most technologically
advanced cardiac centers in the Los
Angeles area. The new state-of-the-art facility features 10 exam rooms, a nuclear
camera, treadmill and echocardiogram
room, all-in-one convenient location. The
institute occupies 4,500 square feet in the
Lee Hughes Medical Building, located
right across from the Emergency
Department. The cardiac care team
includes board–certified cardiolotage of a hospital with specialgists, nurses and staff who are
ized services for stroke treatHEART
dedicated to quality treatments
ment. The American Stroke
for patients. The new clinic is
Association uses the acronym
also designed to connect specialFAST to teach people what to
ists and patients with advanced
look for and how to react if
technology and integrated care. Patients
they think someone is experiencing a
may undergo testing, screening and proce- stroke:
dures-giving the community the opportu• F is for face drooping. Does one side of
nity to receive world-class care in a conthe person’s face droop, or does the pervenient location – right on the hospital
son say his or her face feels numb?
When they smile, is the smile uneven?
• A is for arm weakness. Is one arm is
Heart Attack Symptoms
weak or numb? When you ask him or
If you’re experiencing heart attack
her to raise both arms, does one arm
symptoms, call 911 immediately.
drift downward?
According to the American Heart
• S is for speech difficulty. Is the person’s
Association, common signs of heart attack
speech slurred, or is he or she unable to
speak or hard to understand? Can the
• Chest discomfort—uncomfortable presperson repeat a simple sentence back to
sure, squeezing, fullness or pain, lasting
you, such as “The sky is blue”?
for more than a few minutes or that
• T is for time to call 9-1-1. If someone
goes away and returns.
shows any of these symptoms — even if
• Pain or discomfort in the arms, the
the symptoms go away — call 9-1-1
back, neck, jaw or stomach.
immediately. If possible, note the time
• Shortness of breath, with or without
when the symptoms first appeared. This
chest discomfort.
will help the medical team provide the
• Cold sweat, nausea and/or lightmost appropriate care to the person
experiencing the stroke symptoms.
GAMC is the only Certified Advanced
Stroke Symptoms
Primary Stroke and Chest Pain Center in
GAMC is also a highly accredited
all of Los Angeles County.
Primary Certified Stroke Center. Residents
of Glendale and nearby communities
For more information, call (818) 409-8100
who experience a stroke have the advanor visit
We began as a small neighborhood provider of
personalized medical care in 1958. Today, Valley
Presbyterian Hospital is one of the largest full-service
acute care facilities in the San Fernando Valley.
Our nurses, therapists, technicians and more than
500 physicians represent virtually every specialty.
When specialized care is needed, VPH delivers to our
community with these key services:
 Amputation Prevention Center
 Certified STEMI receiving center
 Certified Stroke Center
 Emergency Department Approved for Pediatrics (EDAP)
 Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Center
 Perinatology Clinic
 Valley Hip and Knee Institute
Serving our community with pride and respect.
Since 1958, our legacy of personalized medical care,
pride and respect
us apart.
A legacy of personalized care.
15107 Vanowen Street
Van Nuys, CA 91405
Excellence in all we do
27 33_SFVBJ_heartdisease&stroke.qxp
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FEBRUARY 23, 2015
Critical Heart and Stroke Care in the Valley Since 1958
ome medical conditions require
immediate treatment, so having
quality health care that is close to
home is crucially important.
As an independent, nonprofit and
community-based provider of health
care services, Valley Presbyterian
Hospital has delivered essential medHEART
ical care to the San
Fernando Valley
since 1958. We
treat more than
60,000 patients each year through our
Emergency Services Department and
hold multiple accreditations for quality
of care in emergency response, including the treatment of serious conditions,
such as heart attack and stroke.
Heart & Vascular Services: Heart Attack
With heart events, acting fast is critical. To save lives and provide patients
with the best possible outcomes, our
heart specialists are ready to treat a
heart attack victim within 90 minutes
of the onset of chest pain.
Based on our equipment, treatment
protocols, expertise, patient outcomes
and many other factors, Los Angeles
County Emergency Medical Services has
designated Valley Presbyterian Hospital
as a STEMI Receiving Center. STEMI
stands for ST-Elevation Myocardial
Infarction, which is a serious heart
attack caused by lack of blood flow to
large areas of the heart.
As a receiving center, paramedics
bring patients experiencing heart
attacks directly to our Emergency
Services unit, where they are rapidly
assessed and triaged. Depending on the
patient’s diagnosis and condition, he or
she may undergo an immediate angiography, angioplasty, or even bypass surgery, if necessary.
Our STEMI designation assures that
we have a highly skilled cardiac
response team ready to treat heart
attack patients 24 hours a day, seven
days a week, 365 days a year. Valley
Presbyterian Hospital is proud to be
among only 25% of hospitals nationwide to meet these rigorous standards
of care.
Emergency Services: Stroke
Also called a “brain attack,” a stroke
is a blockage of blood flow and oxygen
to the brain, which can result in
impaired movement, speech and memory impairment, brain damage and
death. When a stroke occurs, speed of
diagnosis and treatment is critical to
minimize damage to brain cells and loss
of function.
Valley Presbyterian Hospital is designated as a certified Primary Stroke
Center based on our response to critical
patient conditions. This certification is
provided through a partnership
between the American Heart
Association/American Stroke
Association and The Joint Commission,
the nation’s largest independent health
care evaluation body. As a Primary
Stroke Center, we have demonstrated
the ability to meet standards to support
better outcomes for stroke care.
We also have a dedicated strokefocused program that is staffed by
qualified medical professionals who are
specially trained in stroke care and
who use advanced technologies to act
quickly and save lives. Our stroke
patients receive care that meets their
individual needs, and we involve our
patients and their loved ones in the
treatment plan.
Visit for more information
on Valley Presbyterian Hospital’s full range of
medical services and community education
programs. To learn how you can support the
Hospital’s mission to improve the quality of
health in the community, contact the Fund
Development department at (818) 902-7928
or visit
Nomination Deadline:
Wednesday, June 24, 2015
The San Fernando Valley Business Journal is proud to announce the
2015 Trusted Advisors Awards. This event honors the important work
of accountants, bankers, attorneys, insurance professionals and
wealth managers in the greater San Fernando Valley region.
We invite you to nominate an associate, client, colleague or
acquaintance that you believe is an outstanding candidate for our 2015
Trusted Advisors Awards.
Specialty categories include:
• Client Services Award
• Community Service Award
• Innovation Leadership Award
• Trailblazer Award
To nominate someone for this event, please
call us at 323.549.5225 or visit us online at
Gish Seiden
27 33_SFVBJ_heartdisease&stroke.qxp
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FEBRUARY 23, 2015
adults, 20 percent of men and 16 percent of women are smokers.
• Among adults, those most likely to
smoke were American Indian or Alaska
Native men (26 percent), white men
(22 percent), African-American men (21
percent), white women (19 percent),
American Indian or Alaska Native
women (17 percent), Hispanic men (17
percent), African-American women (15
percent), Asian men (15 percent),
Hispanic women (7 percent), Asian
women (5 percent).
• In 2012 there were approximately
6,300 new cigarette smokers every day.
Continued from page 27
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
• In 2011, about 326,200 people experienced out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in
the United States. Of those treated by
emergency medical services, 10.6 percent survived. Of the 19,300 bystanderwitnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrests
in 2011, 31.4 percent survived.
• Each year, about 209,000 people have a
cardiac arrest while in the hospital.
Heart Disease, Stroke and Cardiovascular
Disease Risk Factors
• The American Heart Association gauges
the cardiovascular health of the nation
by tracking seven key health factors
and behaviors that increase risks for
heart dis--ease and stroke. We call these
“Life’s Simple 7” and we measure them
to track progress toward our 2020
• Goal: to improve the cardiovascular
health of all Americans by 20 percent
and reduce deaths from cardiovascular
diseases and stroke by 20 percent, by
the year 2020. Life’s Simple 7 are: not
smoking, physical activity, healthy diet,
body weight, and control of cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar.
Here are key facts related to these factors:
Physical Activity
• About one in every three U.S. adults –
31 percent – reports participating in no
leisure time physical activity.
• Among students in grades 9-12, only
about 27 percent meet the American
Heart Association recommendation of
60 minutes of exercise every day. More
high school boys (36.6%) than girls
(17.7%) self-reported having been physically active at least 60 minutes per day
on all seven days.
Healthy Diet
• Less than 1 percent of U.S. adults
meet the American Heart Association’s
definition for “Ideal Healthy Diet.”
Essentially no children meet the definition. Of the 5 components of a
healthy diet, reducing sodium and
increasing whole grains are the
biggest challenges.
• Eating patterns have changed dramatically in recent decades. Research
from 1971 to 2004 showed that
women consumed an average of 22
• Worldwide, tobacco smoking (including secondhand smoke) was one of the
top three leading risk factors for disease
and contributed to an estimated 6.2
million deaths in 2010.
• 16 percent of students grades 9-12
report being current smokers. Among
percent more calories in that span
and men consumed and average of
10 percent more. The average
woman eats about 1,900 calories a
day and the average man has nearly
2,700, according to the government
• Most Americans older than 20 are overweight or obese. Over 159 million U.S.
adults – or about 69 percent – are overweight or obese.
• About 32 percent children are overweight or obese. About 24 million are
overweight and about 13 million – 17
percent – are obese.
• In 2008, an estimated 1.46 billion
adults worldwide were overweight or
obese. The prevalence of obesity was
estimated at 205 million men and 297
million women.
• About 43 percent of Americans have
total cholesterol higher of 200 mg/dL
or higher. The race and gender breakdown is:
• 46 percent of Hispanic men
• 46 percent of white women
• 43 percent of Hispanic women
• 41 percent of black women
• 40 percent of white men
• 37 percent of black men
• About 13 percent of Americans have
total cholesterol over 240 mg/dL.
• Nearly one of every three Americans
has high levels of LDL cholesterol (the
“bad” kind).
• About 20 percent of Americans have
low levels of HDL cholesterol (the
“good” kind).
High Blood Pressure
• About 80 million U.S. adults have high
blood pressure. That’s about 33 percent.
About 77 percent of those are using
antihypertensive medication, but only
54 of those have their condition controlled.
• About 69 percent of people who have a
first heart attack, 77 percent of people
who have a first stroke and 74 percent
who have congestive heart failure have
blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm
• Nearly half of people with high blood
pressure (46 percent) do not have it
under control.
• Hypertension is projected to increase
about 8 percent between 2013 and
• Rates of high blood pressure among
African-Americans is among the highest of any population in the world.Here
is the U.S. breakdown by race and gender.
• 46 percent of African-American
women have high blood pressure.
• 45 percent of African-American men
have high blood pressure.
• 33 percent of white men have high
blood pressure.
• 30 percent of white women have
high blood pressure.
• 30 percent of Hispanic men have
high blood pressure.
• 30 percent of Hispanic women have
high blood pressure.
• In 2000, it was estimated that 972 million adults worldwide had hypertension.
Information provided by the American Heart
Sanjay Sharma, MD
Edgar Aleman, MD
Eric Lee, MD
Marc Ladenheim, MD
Naveen Sharma, MD
Joseph Lee, MD
Harry Balian, MD
Glendale Adventist Medical Center
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for lowest door-to-balloon time! What this means for a heart attack patient is that GAMC has the fastest treatment time
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