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1
Chapter 6: Religion
Introducing: Languages (p. 181)
• Dali Lama
• place, regions, space, connections
Key Issue 1: Where Are Religions Distributed?
• Tibetan Buddhists
• Lhasa
• China in Tibet
• Distribution of Religions
• Universalizing
• Ethnic
• atheism
• agnosticism
• Figure 6-4
• Figure 6-3
• North America
• Latin America
• Europe
2
Chapter 6: Religion
• Central Asia
• Southwest Asia & North Africa
• South Asia
• East Asia
• South Pacific
• Southeast Asia
• Sub-Saharan Africa
• Table 6.1
• Branches of Universalizing Religions
• Christianity
• Branches of Christianity in Europe
• Branches of Christianity in the Western Hemisphere
• Figure 6-5
• Figure 6-6
• Other Christians Figure 6-7
• Islam
• Branches of Islam
• Sunni
• Shiite
3
• Islam in Europe and North Africa
• Figure 6-8
• Buddhism
• Mahayana
• Theravada
• Vajrayana
• Figure 6-9
• Other Universalizing Religions
• Ethnic Religions
• Hinduism
• Other Asian Ethnic Religions
• Figure 6-10
• Figure 6-11
• Chinese Traditional
• Confucianism
• Taoism
• Primal-Indigenous
• Juchte
• Other Ethnic Religions
Chapter 6: Religion
4
• African Traditional
• Spirtism
• Figure 6-12
• Judaism
• monotheism
• polytheism
Key Issue 2: Why do Religions Have Different Distributions?
• Origins of Religions
• Origin of Buddhism
• Counting Religious Adherents
• Four Noble Truths
• Theravada Buddhism
• Mahayana Buddhism
• Vajrayana Buddhism
• Origin of Christianity
• Roman Catholic Branch
• Orthodox Branch
• Protestant Branch
• Origin of Islam
Chapter 6: Religion
5
• Five Pillars
• Prophet Muhammad
• Shiites versus Sunnis
• Origin of Other Universalizing Religions
• Unknown Origin Hinduism
• Diffusion of Religions
• Diffusion of Christianity
• Figure 6-18
• Hierarchical Diffusion of Christianity
• Relocation Diffusion of Christianity
• Figure 6-19
• Figure 6-20
• Diffusion of Islam
• Diffusion of Buddhism
• Figure 6-21
• Diffusion of Other Universalizing Religions
• Lack of Diffusion of Ethnic Religions
• Mingling of Ethnic and Universalizing Religions
• Ethnic Religions and Migration
Chapter 6: Religion
6
• Diffusion of Judaism
• Figure 6-22
• ghettos
Key Issue 3: Why Do Religions Organize Space in Distinctive Patterns?
• Sacred Space
• Places of Worship in Universalizing Relgions
• Christian Churches
• Mulsim Mosques
• Buddhist Pagodas
• Baha’i Houses of Worship
• Sikhism’s Golden Temple of Amritsar
• Sacred Places in Universalizing Religions
• Buddhist Shrines
• Holy Places of Islam
• The Landscape in Ethnic Religions
• Hindu Landscape
• Hindu Temples
• Cosmogony
• Cosmogony in Ethnic Religions
Chapter 6: Religion
7
• Cosmogony in Universalizing Relgions
• The Solstice
• Disposing of the Dead
• Burial
• Other Methods of Disposing of Bodies
• Religions Settlement and Place Names
• Utopian Settlements
• Religious Place Names
• Figure 6-36
• The Calendar
• The Calendar in Judaism
• The Calendar in Universalizing Religions
• Islam
• Baha’i
• Christianity
• Buddhism
• Sikhism
• Administration of Space
• Hierarchical Religions
Chapter 6: Religion
8
• Latter-Day Saints
• Roman Catholic Hierarchy
• Locally Autonomous Religions
• Local Autonomy in Islam
• Protestant Denominations
• Ethnic Religions
Key Issue 4: Why Do Territorial Conflicts Arise among Religious Groups?
• 20th Century
• fundamentalism
• Religion versus Government Policies
• Religion Versus Social Change
• Taliban Versus Western Values
• Hinduism Versus Social Equality
• Religion Versus Communism
• Christianity and Islam Versus the Former Soviet Union
• Buddhism Versus Southeast Asian Countries
• Religion versus Religion
• Religious Wars in Ireland
• Figure 6-47
Chapter 6: Religion
9
• Figure 6-48
• Religious Wars in the Middle East
• Crusades
• Partition of Palestine
• Figure 6-49
• Wars Between Israel and Neighbors
• 1948-1949
• 1956
• 1967
• 1973
• 1979
• Conflicting Perspectives of the Holy Land
• Israeli Perspectives
• Palestinian Perspectives
• Security Fence or Segregation Wall
• Jerusalem: Contested Geography
• Judaism’s Jerusalem
• Islam’s Jerusalem
Chapter 6: Religion
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