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Brazil
1.Geographical situation
•
Location: Eastern South
America
- largest country in South
America; is home to the
Amazon Rainforest
•
Bordered by the Atlantic
Ocean and 10 countriesArgentina, Bolivia, Colombia,
French Guiana, Guyana,
Paraguay, Peru, Suriname,
Uruguay, Venezuela
•
Area: 8 511 965 km2
2.Physical environment and
natural resources
•
Climate: mostly tropical,
but temperate in south
•
Terrain: mostly flat to
rolling lowlands in north;
some plains,hills,mountains
and narrow coastal belt
•
Natural resources:bauxite,
gold, iron ore, manganese,
nickel, phosphates,uranium,
platinum, tin, petroleum,
hydropower, timber
2. Physical environment and natural resources
3.Population
•
Population: 198 739 269
•
Population growth rate:
1.06%
- Birth rate: 16.83 births/
1,000 population (2005)
- Death rate: 6.15 deaths/
1,000 population (2005)
•
Age structure:
- 0-14 years: 26.1%
- 15-64 years: 67.9%
- 65 years and over: 6%
3. Population
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%,
Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist
1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other
1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none
7.4%
•
•
Nationality: Brazilian(s)
Ethnic groups: white
48.43%, mulatto (mixed
white and black) 43.80%,
black 6.84%, Amerindian
0.58%, Asian 0.28%
Languages: Portuguese (official),
Spanish, English, French
Sports: football
3. Population
Urbanization: 87% of total population (2010)
The largest metropolitan areas in Brazil are São Paulo,
Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte - all in the
Southeastern Region
4.State organization and government
•
Capital: Brasilia
•
Government type: federative republic
•
Administrative divisions: 26 states and
1 federal district
•
The form of government democratic republic, with a presidential
system. The president is both head of state and head
of government of the Union ; is elected for a 4-year
term
•
Current president- Dilma Rousseff who was
inaugurated on January 1st 2011
5.Economy
•
GDP:
- the largest national economy in Latin
America and the world's 8th largest economy
- real growth rate: 5.1%
- composition by sector: agriculture:10.2%;
industry:37.5%; services: 52.3%
* currency: Real (R$)
Agriculture:
20% of the labour force - products- coffee, soybeans, wheat,
rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
-
5. Economy
•
Energy:
- the world's tenth largest energy
consumer with much of its energy coming from renewable
sources (hydroelectricity and ethanol)
- expected to be producer and exporter, having recently made
huge oil discoveries
•
Transportation:
- large and diverse transport network
- roads (1.98 million km) are the primary
carriers of freight and passenger traffic
•
Tourism:
- a growing sector and key to the economy of several
regions of the country (4.8 million visitors per year)
- business tourism (49th place in the world's ranking;
second among Latin American countries
5. Economy
•
Manufacturing:
- textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber,
iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles
and parts, other machinery and equipment
- technological hubs are the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, the
Butantan Institute, the Air Force's Aerospace Technical
Center, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
and the INPE
•
Foreign trade:
- exports: commodities: transport equipment,
iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos
- imports: commodities: machinery,electrical and
transport equipment, chemical products, oil
6.Problems
•
Poverty- various favelas, slums
in the country's metropolitan areas
and remote regions that suffer with economic
underdevelopment .
•
Crime- muggings, robberies, kidnappings and gang
violence are common. Police brutality and corruption
are widespread.
•
Education- school non-attendance; children from
large poor families start working from the age of 10 in
order to help their parents.
THE END
Димитър Илиев
поток181,група1735