Intro to World Geography What is geography? • The study of spatial variation • How – and why – things differ from place to place on the surface of the earth • The study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time Spatial variation: predominant religion Why spatial variation exists: earthquakes Changes over time: deforestation What is geography? • • • • Geography is a spatial science Spatial behavior of people Spatial relationships between places Spatial processes that create or maintain those behaviors and relationships Spatial behavior of people: population Spatial relationships between places: trade Spatial processes: commuting and urban form The Five Themes of Geography A Framework for Studying the World North Carolina Geographic Alliance PowerPoint Presentations 2007 Theme 1: Location • Where is It? • Why is It There? Two Types of Location •Absolute •Relative Absolute Location • • • • A specific place on the Earth’s surface Uses a grid system Latitude and longitude A global address North Carolina Absolute Location • North Carolina 36° N Latitude 79° W longitude • Chapel Hill 35° 55' N Latitude 79° 05' W Longitude Relative Location • Where a place is in relation to another place • Uses directional words to describe – Cardinal and intermediate directions North Carolina • North Carolina is bordered by Virginia on the north, South Carolina and Georgia on the south, and Tennessee on the west. • The Atlantic Ocean forms North Carolina's east coast. • North Carolina is one of the Southeastern States Theme 2: Place Physical Characteristics • Land Features • Mountains, plains, and plateaus • Climate • Bodies of Water North Carolina: Physical Characteristics Photos above: Steve Pierce http://www.wetmaap.org/Cape_Hatteras/ch_tm_2.html Theme 2: Place Human Characteristics • • • • • People Culture Language Religion Buildings and Landmarks • Cities North Carolina: Human Characteristics http://www.rivinus.com/camerastuff/charlotte_nc.htm National Geographic Magazine Top right:http://graphics.fansonly.com/photos/schools/unc/nonsport/school-bio/unc-oldwell2-lg.jpg Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction How People Interact With Their Environment People . . . • Adapt to Their Environment • Modify Their Environment • Depend on Their Environment http://www.fotosearch.com/comp/corbis/DGT119/BAG0017.jpg North Carolina: Human Environment Interaction http://aam.wcu.edu/grant/images/Fontana%20Dam%20Shirley.jpg http://www.dukemagazine.duke.edu/dukemag/issues/091002/images/mallc.jpg http://www.ee.duke.edu/~sag8/Duke/02-03/PiKA/Fall%20Break/Fall_Break_02.htm Theme 4: Movement The Mobility of • People • Goods • Ideas How Places are linked to one another and the world North Carolina: Movement http://www.marad.dot.gov/Gallery/MoreheadCity/pages/Ming%20Europe.htm http://www.evertize.com/land/images/I-40-64%20interchange.JPG Theme 5: Regions What Places Have in Common • Political Regions • Landform Regions • Agricultural Regions • Cultural Regions North Carolina: Regions Steve Pierce http://home.neo.rr.com/rodsphotogallery/NaturalWonders/SeaSand/Images/JockeysRidge.jpg http://www.ncbbi.org/images/piedmont-images/piedmont-nc-heartland-golf.jpg http://www.homestead.com/pncfa/files/piedmontmap.jpg http://www.shorebirdworld.org/fromthefield/Images/Hatteras%20Light.JPG Remembering the 5 themes • If you can’t remembering what they are just ask MR. HELP!!! • M – Movement • R – Regions • HE – Human Environment interaction • L – Location • P - Place Your assignment • Describe you and your family using the 5 Themes of Geography. • Make sure you use every theme. • Type your biography, double space.