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GRADES 11, 12: Pre-Calculus, CP FIRST NINE WEEKS TARGETED INDICATORS 2015-2016 Text: Blitzer Pre-Calculus – Chapters 4, 5, 6 Unit 1 – Introduction to Trigonometry: Sections 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4 Trigonometry PC.FT.1 Understand that the radian measure of an angle is the length of the arc on the unit circle subtended by the angle. PC.FT.2 Define sine and cosine as functions of the radian measure of an angle in terms of the x- and ycoordinates of the point on the unit circle corresponding to that angle and explain how these definitions are extensions of the right triangle definitions. PC.FT.2a Define the tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant functions as ratios involving sine and cosine. PC.FT.2b Write cotangent, secant, and cosecant functions as the reciprocals of tangent, cosine, and sine, respectively. PC.FT.3 Use special triangles to determine geometrically the values of sine, cosine, tangent for π π π , , and 3 4 6 2π − x in , and use the unit circle to express the values of sine, cosine, and tangent for π − x, π + x, and terms of their values for x, where x is any real number. PC.FT.4 Use the unit circle to explain symmetry (odd and even) and periodicity of trigonometric functions. Circles PC.GCI.5 Derive the formulas for the length of an arc and the area of a sector in a circle, and apply these formulas to solve mathematical and real-world problems. Unit 2 – Applications of Trigonometric Functions on Oblique Triangles: Sections 6.1, 6.2 Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry PC.GSRT.9 Derive the formula 1 A = absinC for the area of a triangle by drawing an auxiliary line from a 2 vertex perpendicular to the opposite side. PC.GSRT.10 Prove the Laws of Sines and Cosines and use them to solve problems. PC.GSRT.11 Use the Law of Sines and Cosines to solve for unknown measures of sides and angles of triangles that arise in mathematical and real-world problems. Unit 3 – Trigonometric Identities: Sections 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 Trigonometry PC.FT.8 Justify the Pythagorean, even/odd, and cofunction identities for sine and cosine using their unit circle definitions and symmetries of the unit circle and use the Pythagorean identity to find sin A, cos A, or tan A, given sin A, cos A, or tan A, and the quadrant of the angle. PC.FT.9 Justify the sum and difference formulas for sine, cosine, and tangent, and use them to solve problems. Unit 4 – Graphing Trigonometric Functions: Sections P.9 (Exs. 1 & 2), 1.3, 4.5, 4.6 Interpreting Functions PC.FIF.7d Graph trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude. Trigonometry PC.FT.4 Use the unit circle to explain symmetry (odd and even) and periodicity of trigonometric functions. PC.FT.5 Choose trigonometric functions to model periodic phenomena with specified amplitude, frequency, and midline.