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Split of
Western/Eastern
Church
1054 A.D.
Schism
 Split
between the Western
Church in Rome and the
Eastern Church in
Constantinople
 Still disagreement between
the churches today
Reasons for schism
 Disagreements
over
authority
 Different languages
 Different rituals
 Different beliefs about
Priest
Eastern Church
 Centered
in Constantinople
 Patriarch is key leader
 Greek language during
service
 Use of icons
 Priest are allowed to marry
Patriarch
Western Church
 Centered
in Rome
 Pope is key leader
 Latin during service
 Priest practice celibacy (no
marriage)
 No divorces allowed
The churches become..
 Western
Church-Roman
Catholic Church
 Eastern Church-Greek
Orthodox Church
What Happens
 In
1054, after centuries
of disagreements, Pope
and Patriarch
excommunicate one
another
Understanding #1
 The
cultural and political
differences between the
eastern and western
Roman Empire weakened
the unity of the Christian
Church and led to its
division