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War of independence
By Albert Redžepi , Mihailo Jašarevic , Darko Boldorac,
Sara Milković and Strahinja Stojanović
Reasons for War
The American Revolution (1775-1783) is
also known as the American Revolutionary
War and the U.S. War of Independence.
The conflict arose from growing tensions
between residents of Great Britain’s 13
North American colonies and the colonial
government, which represented the British
While no one event can be pointed to as
the actual cause of the revolution, the war
began as a disagreement over the way in
which Great Britain treated the colonies
versus the way the colonies felt they
should be treated. Americans felt they
deserved all the rights of Englishmen. The
British, on the other hand, felt that the
colonies were created to be used in the
way that best suited the crown and
The Boston Tea Party
In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act, because they wanted to help
British East India Company and to give it trade monopoly on the tea
exported to the American colonies. In many American cities, tea agents
resigned or canceled orders. Governor of Massachusetts decided to
respect this decision- payments should be made for the goods. On the
night of December 16, 1773, while the ships were in the harbor, 60 men
boarded the ships, disguised as Native Americans, and dumped the entire
shipment of tea into the harbor. That event is now famously known as
the Boston Tea Party.
Declaration of Independence
In 1776, leaders of 13 British colonies made the Declaration of
They met in Philadelphia
Thomas Jefferson, later to become a USA president, wrote the
first draft of the Declaration.
Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, Benjamin Franklin and John
Adams were part of the committee to help Jefferson.
On July 4, 1776 the Congress officially adopted the final version
of the Declaration of Independence. This day is still celebrated in
the United States as Independence Day.
Copy of the first printing of the Declaration of Independence done by Philadelphia
printer John Dunlap in the evening of July 4, 1776. This documents is known as "Dunlap
Broadsides" of the Declaration of Independence.
• Lexington and Concord, April
• Bunker Hill, June 1775
• Quebec, December 1775
• Charleston, June 1776
• Trenton, December 1776
• Saratoga, October 1777
• Rhode Island, August 1778
• Kings Mountain, October 1780
• Cowpens, January 1781
• Yorktown, October 1781
Quebec 1775
The Battle of Saratoga
The Battles of Saratoga were a series of battles that culminated in the
Battle of Saratoga and the surrender of British General John Burgoyne.
This decisive victory by the Americans was a turning point of the
Revolutionary War.
The Yorktown Battle
The Battle of Yorktown was the last great battle of the American
Revolutionary War. It is where the British Army surrendered and the British
government began to consider a peace treaty.
Around 8,000 British troops surrendered in Yorktown. Although this wasn't
all of the army, it was a big enough force to cause the British to start
thinking they were going to lose the war. Losing this battle made them start
to think about peace and that it wasn't worth the cost of the war to keep
the colonies. This opened the door for the Treaty of Paris.
Tomas Jefferson
• Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), author of
the Declaration of Independence and the
third U.S. president, was a leading figure
in America’s early development. He was
born on April 13, 1743, in Virginia. He
was a draftsman of the U.S. Declaration
of Independence; the nation's first
secretary of state (1789-94); second
vice president (1797-1801); and, as the
third president (1801-09), the statesman
responsible for the Louisiana Purchase.
George Washington
• George Washington (1732-99) was
commander in chief of the Continental
Army during the American Revolutionary
War (1775-83) and served two terms as
the first U.S. president, from 1789 to
1797. During the American Revolution,
he led the colonial forces to victory over
the British and became a national hero.
In 1789, Washington became America’s
first president.
Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin is best known as one of the Founding Fathers who drafted
the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. In
1776, Franklin helped Thomas Jefferson write the Declaration of
Independence. Two years later, he went to France and convinced the French to
help America in the war against England. Today, Ben Franklin is honored on
the $100 dollar bill.
Franklin was also an inventor. Many of his creations are still in use today.
The Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris of 1783, negotiated between the United States and Great
Britain, ended the revolutionary war and recognized American independence.
After the British Army surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown it still took a long time
for an agreement between Britain and the United States to be signed. It was
around a year and a half later that King George finally ratified the treaty! The
most important thing for the Americans was that Britain recognize the Thirteen
Colonies to be free and independent states and that Britain no longer had any
claim on the land or government.
The second major point was that the boundaries of the United States allowed for
western expansion.
Soldier gear