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Transcript
Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona Memorial 1,177 crewmen lost their lives during the attack
• December 7th 1941
• “A date that shall live in Infamy”
• Empire of Japan Attacked the US Navy trying to destroy the whole
pacific fleet
• In little more than 2 hours Japanese military destroyed or damaged
• 18 American war ships
• Damaged or destroyed 300 military aircraft
• 2,400 Americans died and 1,200 wounded
• Crippled our Pacific Fleet
Pearl Harbor
United States and the
European Theater
WWII Heroes and Horrors
USA and WWII
The European Theater
• FDR
• United States
• Winston Churchill
• Great Britain
• Josef Stalin
• USSR/Russia
• Alliance between two
democracies and one
communist leader
• Uneasy alliance
• Meet several times
• FDR and Churchill
become friends
• Unconditional
surrender
The Big 3
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
United States of America
Britain
Australia
France
USSR/ Russia/ Soviet Union
Plus several others
Total 26 Nations
Allied Forces
• First take Europe
and then Japan
• Military Plan
• Economic blockades
on Germany and Italy
• Air Attacks on
Germany
• Peripheral strikes in
the Mediterranean
• Direct assault on
Germany
Plan of Attack
• Might be the most important
battle of the war
• First major loss for the
Germans on land
• Destroys the German 6th
army
• Germany is in retreat from
the east until the reach Berlin
• Stalin is angered because
Allies did not help and the
Russian took the brunt of
this attack
• Lasts 5months 1 week and 3
days
Stalingrad
• 100,000 Allied troops
enter into take North
Africa
• Brits had been there
since 1941
• Gen. Eisenhower
leader
• Turning point of the
war
• First Front
Operation Torch
• D-Day June 6, 1944
• 120,000 troops
stormed 5 beachheads
at Normandy coast
• 800,000 more men
within 3 weeks; 3
million
• Causalities: 2,245
Allies killed 1,670
wounded
• Significance
• Established a strong
second front ( Russia
VERY happy)
• August 1st 1944 Allies
enter into Paris
• End of the summer
• Belgium, France and
Lux. are liberated
Operation Overlord
D-Day
• December 16, 1944
• Germans last major
offensive move
•
•
•
•
Move against US positions
General George Patton
101st Airborne Div.
80,000 US Troops killed
• Stopped Hitler’s Last
gasp counter offensive
Battle of the Bulge
• January advancing
toward Germany
• Attack Dresden with fire
bombs killing 100,000
and destroying factories
and rail lines
• April 1945
• US approached Berlin
from the west while
Soviets come from the
East
• Italian resistance
collapsing
• Mussolini caught by
Italian resistance and
killed
• Hitler goes into a
bunker and commits
suicide
• Germany surrenders
unconditionally May 7th
1945
Victory over Europe
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Band Of Brothers
Saving Private Ryan
Fury
We were soldiers
The Monuments Men
King’s Speech
Valkyrie
•
•
•
•
The Pianist
Red Tails
Saints and Soldiers
The Imitation Game
Movies On (Europe) WWII