Download Species Factsheet New Forest Cicada Cicadetta montana

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Species Factsheet
New Forest Cicada
Cicadetta montana
Red List Status:
Threat of extinction:
Very High
Main threats:
Bracken overgrowth
Number of sites in UK:
Description: A type of true bug, most known for its striking call. It has clear visible gold rings and large transparent
Lifecycle: Adults emerge from late May to early July, breed during this time and feed on sap by making small scars in
the bark of woody vegetation. The females lay their eggs on the stems of various plants which hatch after 50-125
days. The nymphs burrow down into the soil and develop there for 6-10 years. In their last spring before emergence,
the nymphs build a turret like structure from clay and leaf matter on the surface of the soil, which is believed to be
important for male mating calls.
Habitat: Areas between open grass or heathland and woodland with scrub edges in plenty of sunshine.
Distribution: Globally found across the northern hemisphere and in mountainous regions of Europe. In Britain,
where it is native, only found in the New Forest, where it has now not been recorded for over a decade.
Status: Classified as Endangered, and is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
Reasons for decline: Year round over grazing limiting the plant species that eggs are laid on and nymphs feed off.
Also trampling of nymph turrets exposes them to predation from ground beetles. Finally, an increase in bracken
growth means that there is less open ground/surface air being exposed to the warming effects of the sun.
Protection under the Law: Protected under Schedule 5 of Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 which makes it an offence to intentionally (or recklessly) kill, injure or capture this species. It also makes it an offence to have possession
of anything derived from the species.
What we are doing:
Carrying out ongoing surveys of the New Forest, along with our partner organisations.
Carrying out feasibility studies for re-introduction into the wild
What you can do:
If you live locally volunteer to become a site monitor
Become a species supporter and help fund the project
Download the Cicada app, and keep your ears open when in the New Forest!
The Species Recovery Trust
37 Albany Road
[email protected]
Registered Charity 1146387