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SCOTT C. SNYDER
Barbers Hill High School
SSnyder@barbershill.isd.esc4.net
AP World History
Text work, Chapter 3
Classical Civilization: INDIA
Directions; use the information on pages 50-64 to answer the following questions.
1. India’s agricultural regions are located along the _______________________ and
_________________________________.
2. What is Sanskrit?
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
3. India’s epic age was from _________________ to __________________.
4. The characteristic Indian caste system began to take shape during the Vedic and Epic
ages, as a ___________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________.
5. The basic castes are divided into smaller subgroups, called _________________.
6. Identify the term Indra.
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
7. ________________________________ became the first of the Maurya dynasty, and the
first ruler to unify much of the Indian subcontinent.
8. List the three governmental achievements of the Mauryan dynasty.
A) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
B) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
C) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
9. Chandragupta’s style of government was highly ____________________, relying on the
ruler’s personal and military power.
10. Chandragupta’s grandson was ________________________.
11. Why did Ashoka convert to Buddhism?
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
12. Ashoka sent Buddhist missionaries to __________________________________ in the
Middle East.
13. The next great Indian empire was the _________________ beginning in 320 C.E.
14. Gupta rulers maintained political control by _________________ with local princes and
____________________ with their families.
15. The Gupta empire was conquered in 535 C.E. by a new invasion of nomadic warriors, the
________________________.
16. The Mauryan rulers depended heavily on the _______________________ to maintain
political control.
17. Why did Gupta rulers favor Hinduism over Buddhism?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________.
18. Some of the achievements of Gupta Empire were that it did spread a uniform
______________________________, built __________________, and were patrons of
_____________________________.
19. One reason for India’s political disunity was that Indian religion did not generally stress
the importance of _____________________, but rather the preeminence of
_________________________________________ as a source of authority.
20. Another reason for India’s political limitations can be explained partly by the importance
of __________________________ of government, village government, and by the social
relationships under the _____________________.
21. The caste system provided away for India’s various races, the conquerors and the
conquered, to ____________________________________________________.
22. List the two positive aspects of the caste system.
A) _______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
B) _______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
23. List the two political consequences of the caste system.
A) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
B) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
24. _____________________________ was the only cultural cement because it crossed
political and language barriers, and across the castes.
25. Part of Hinduism’s success is due to its ability
_________________________________________________________________.
26. Define the term varuna.
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
27. Explain how a Hindu holy man would live a good life.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________.
28. Explain how a common follower of Hinduism would live a good life.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________.
29. According to Hinduism what are the three obligations of life?
A) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
B) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
C) _______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
30. Explain how Hinduism reinforced the caste system in India.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________.
31. Around 563 B.C.E., an Indian prince named __________________________ was born.
He began to question the fairness of earthly life in which so much poverty and misery
abounded. He became known as ___________________________ or “enlightened one.”
32. Explain the differences between Buddhism and Hinduism?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________.
33. According to Buddhism, a holy life could be achieved through
_________________________________________________________________.
34. Buddhism spread outside of India to China, Korea, and Japan, by
_________________________________________________________________.
35. List the three famous fairytales come from the Indian collections known as
Panchatantra?
A) ______________________________________________________________.
B) ______________________________________________________________.
C) ______________________________________________________________.
36. List the seven scientific discoveries of India.
A) ______________________________________________________________.
B) ______________________________________________________________.
C) ______________________________________________________________.
D) ______________________________________________________________.
E) ______________________________________________________________.
F) ______________________________________________________________.
G) ______________________________________________________________.
37. List the seven mathematical discoveries of India.
A) ______________________________________________________________.
B) ______________________________________________________________.
C) ______________________________________________________________.
D) ______________________________________________________________.
E) ______________________________________________________________.
F) ______________________________________________________________.
G) ______________________________________________________________.
38. According to an Indian code of law, a wife was to _________________________
_________________________________________________________________.
39. Lack of female rights in India was enforced through _______________________.
40. What was the goal or purpose of arranged marries? ________________________
_________________________________________________________________.