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Identify A – Semilunar lines Identify B – Linea Alba What muscle originates from the inferior attachment of B? – Pyramidalis What is the innervation of the rectus abdominis? Anterior rami of T6T12 spinal nerves Identify 1 – Genitofemoral nerve Identify 2 – Left crus of diaphragm What are the nerve roots of 1? – L1-L2 Name two functions of psoas major – Flexion at hip joint, stabilises thigh, bilateral contraction raises trunk from supine position. Identify A – Spinous process Identify B – Pedicle At which vertebral level does the most inferior intervertebral; disc lie at? – Between L5 and S1 What structure forms the central part of an intervertebral disc? – Nucleus pulposus Identify A – Perineal body Specifically Identify B – Glans clitoris Name 2 muscles that attach to A - External anal sphincter, Bulbospongiosus muscle, superficial transverse perineal muscle, Anterior fibers of the levator ani, external urinary sphincter, deep transverse perineal muscle What nerve innervates B? – Dorsal nerve to clitoris Specifically identify 1 – Left internal iliac artery Identify 2 – Round ligament of uterus What embryological structure is 2 derived from? Gubernaculum What are the three branches of the pudendal nerve? – Inferior rectal, perineal and dorsal nerves Identify A – Ischiopubic/inferior pubic ramus Identify B – Anterior superior iliac spine Which part of the pelvis does the head of the femur articulate with? – Acetabulum What bony landmark is used for a pudendal nerve block? – Ischial spine Identify A – Posterior median furrow Identify B – Latissimus dorsi What is the innervation of B with root values? – Thoracodorsal nerve, C6,C7,C8 At what vertebral level do the posterior superior iliac spines lie at? - S2 Identify 1 – Facial artery Identify 2 – Masseter Name 3 branches of the facial nerve.-Temporal, zygomatic, buccal, marginal mandibular or cervical Specifically, what type of joint is the temporomandibular joint? – Modified synovial, hinge joint Identify A – Dens of axis Identify B – Superior articular process of axis What 2 parts of the vertebral column show a lordosis? Cervical and Lumbar What 2 structures pass through the transverse foramina of cervical vertebra? Vertebral arteries + vertebral veins Identify A – Glabella Identify B – Ala of Nose What are the four branches of the facial artery? – Inferior labial, superior labial, lateral nasal, angular What lymph nodes do lymph from the chin drain into? – Submental lymph nodes Identify 1 – Lateral rectus Identify 2 – Superior oblique muscle In ophthalmoscopy, where is the area of most acute vision? – Fovea centralis What cranial nerves are responsible for the afferent and efferent limbs of the corneal reflex? Afferent : CN V1 , Efferent: CN VII Identify A - Pterion Identify B – Zygomatic arch What artery runs underneath A? – Middle meningeal artery What two bones form B? – Zygomatic and temporal bones Identify A - Liver Identify B – Abdominal aorta What region does the superior mesenteric artery supply? Midgut What three structures form the portal triad? Hepatic portal vein, Hepatic artery, Common bile duct Identify A – Obturator foramen Identify B – Ischial tuberosity What pelvic measurement shows the narrowest part of the birth canal? – Interspinous What vertebral level is the origin of the ovarian vessels? L2 Identify A – Larynx Identify B – Thyroid cartilage What is the specific innervation of the platysma? Cervical branch of facial nerve What pharyngeal muscle does CNIX supply? Stylopharyngeus Identify A – Maxillary sinus Identify B – Ethmoidal sinus What part of the nasal cavity does the frontal sinus drain into? Middle nasal meatus What meningeal structure is attached to the crista galli? Falx cerebri Remember to revise but make sure you enjoy your Christmas! Email me at [email protected] if you’ve any questions! Good luck in your January exams!