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Reading Guide Chapter 12
Recovery and Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance
Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance (1350-1550)
I. ID the term Renaissance
II. Explain the urban society of the Italian states and how it helped bring about the Renaissance
in Italy.
III. Describe the recovery that took place.
IV. What were general characteristics of the Italian Renaissance?
The Making of Renaissance Society
I. Economic Changes during the 14th Century
A. Italian city-states
B. Hanseatic League
C. patterns of manufacturing and the textile industry
D. New Industries
E. ID the Medici family and Renaissance Florence
II. Social Change in the Renaissance—Describe the following:
A. Nobility
B. Courtly Society
1. ID Baldassare Castiglione and The Book of the Courtier
C. The Third Estate
1. The Peasantry and the Decline of Manorialism and Serfdom
2. Urban Society
a. Patricians
b. petty burghers, shopkeepers, artisans, guild masters, and guild members
c. lowest levels
D. Describe Slavery during the Renaissance
III. The Family in Renaissance Italy
A. Background
B. Marriage
C. Children
D. Sexual Norms
The Italian States in the Renaissance
I. The Five Major Powers
A. Milan
B. Venice
C. Florence
D. The Papal States
E. Kingdom of Naples
II. Smaller City-States and Leaders
A. Federigo de Montefeltro and Urbino
B. Isabella d’Este and Mantua
III. ID the Peace of Lodi (1454)
IV. ID the Italian Wars (1494-1527)
V. The Birth of Modern Diplomacy
A. Ambassadors
B. Machiavelli and the New Statecraft
1. Background of Niccolo Machiavelli
2. ID The Prince. What are the main points and model? Why did Machiavelli
write it? The Impact?
The Intellectual Renaissance in Italy
I. Italian Renaissance Humanism
A. What is humanism?
B. The Humanists
Fill in the following chart:
Humanist
Petrarch
Leonardo
Bruni
Lorenzo Valla
Poggio
Bracciolini
Marsilio Ficino
Major
Works and
Dates
Summary
of their
Works
Misc.
Information
Giordano
Bruno
Giovanni Pico
della
Mirandola
II. Describe changes in education that occurred during the Renaissance.
III. Describe the relationship between Humanism and History,
IV. Explain the impact of Gutenberg’s Printing Press.
The Artistic Renaissance
I. Describe and explain the new artistic standards that arose during the Renaissance.
II. The Artists of the early Renaissance Period
Fill in the following chart:
Artist
Masaccio
Paolo Uccello
Major
Works and
Dates
Summary
of their
Works
Misc.
Information
Sandro
Botticelli
Donato di
Donatello
Filippo
Brunelleschi
Piero della
Francesca
III. The Artists of the High Renaissance Period
Fill in the following chart:
Artist
Major
Works and
Dates
Summary
of their
Works
Misc.
Information
Leonardo da
Vinci
Raphael
Michelangelo
Donato
Bramante
A. Why would Leonardo da Vinci be considered an all-around Renaissance Man?
IV. Explain the social status and financial gains of the artists.
V. The Northern Artistic Renaissance
A. How did it differ from the Italian Artistic Renaissance?
B. The Artists of the Northern Renaissance
Fill in the following chart:
Artist
Major
Works and
Dates
Jan Van Eyck
Albrecht
Durer
VI. Describe Music during the Renaissance
The European State in the Renaissance
I. ID the New Monarchies
Summary
of their
Works
Misc.
Information
II. The Growth of the French Monarchy
A. Effects of the Hundred Years’ War
B. Charles VII
1. Policies
2. the taille
3. The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
C. Louis XI
1. Background
2. Policies (Domestic and Economic)
3. Foreign Affairs
4. Impact of his reign
III. England
A. ID War of the Roses
B. Henry Tudor (VII)
1. Domestic Policies and Economics
2. Foreign Affairs
IV. Spain
A. Ferdinand and Isabella
1. marriage
2. Domestic Policies
3. religious policies
4. Impact
V. The Holy Roman Empire and the Hapsburgs
A. How was it different than England, France, and Spain?
B. Maximilian I
C. Charles V
VI. Eastern Europe
A. Poland
B. Bohemia
C. Hungary
D. Russia (Muscovy)
VII. The Ottoman Empire
A. The Rise
B. Impact on Europe
The Church in the Renaissance
I. Background—The Council of Constance
II. Heresy
A. What was it?
B. John Wycliffe and the Lollards
C. Jan Hus and the Hussites
III. Reform
A. Reforms at the Council of Constance
B. Papal Resistance to the Conciliar Movement
IV. The Renaissance Papacy
A. Describe
B. Julius II
C. Sixtus IV
D. Alexander VI
E. Leo X