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```Honors Calculus
Summer Assignment 2016
The following packet contains topics and definitions that you will be required to know in order to
succeed in Honors Calculus this year. You are advised to be familiar with each of the concepts and
to complete the included problems by September 1, 2016. All of these topics were discussed in
either Algebra II or Precalculus and will be used frequently throughout the year. All problems are
expected to be completed.
Honors Calculus Summer Assignment
Section 1: Equation of a line.
A) Point-Slope formula:_______________________
B) Slope-intercept form:______________________
C) Standard form:______________________
1) Write the equation of the line through the points (-1,5) and (2,7).
2) Write the equation of the line through the points (-5,6) and (3,6).
3) Write the equation of the line through the points (-4,1) and (-4,16).
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
Write the equation of the line parallel to y = -3x + 1 through the point (2,6).
Write the equation of the line perpendicular to y = 5x – 3 through the point (-1,2).
Write the equation of the line perpendicular to 3x – 2y = 8 through the point (0,4).
Write the equation of the line perpendicular to y = 4 through the point (2,-5).
Write the equation of the line perpendicular to x = -10 through the point (6,7).
Section 2 – Simplifying Expressions
Eliminate compound fractions or combine terms to one single term for the following.
1)
𝑥−3
+
√𝑥−8
√𝑥 − 8
1
1
−
𝑥
+
2
2
2)
𝑥
Section 3 – Trigonometry
Fill in the table. Answers should be exact. No decimals.
Degree
0
30
45
60
90
120
135
150
180
210
225
240
270
300
315
330
360
SINE
COS
TAN
CSC
SEC
COT
Section 4: Trigonometric Functions and their graphs.
1) Graph one period of the six trigonometric functions and identify the following for each.
a. Domain
b. Range
c. Period
2) Graph the six inverse trig functions and identify the following for each.
a. Domian
b. Range
Section 5: Trig identities
1) The following identities will be used quite often this year. Please commit them to
memory.
a. Pythagorean identities
i. sin2x + cos2x = 1
ii. 1 + tan2x = sec2x
iii. 1 + cot2x = csc2x
b. Reciprocal identities
i. sin x = 1/csc x
ii. cos x = 1/sec x
iii. tan x = 1/cot x
iv. csc x = 1/sin x
v. sec x = 1/cos x
vi. cot x = 1/tan x
c. Quotient identities
i. tan x = sin x / cos x
ii. cot x = cos x / sin x
d. Double Angle Formulas
i. sin 2x = 2 sin x cos x
ii. cos 2x = cos2x – sin2x = 2cos2x – 1 = 1 – 2sin2x
e. Power Reducing Formulas
1−cos 2𝑥
i. 𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝑥 =
2
ii. 𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 𝑥 =
1+cos 2𝑥
2
Section 6 – Inverse Functions
Find the inverse function of the following algebraically and graph both the original function and the
inverse.
1) y = 3x-5
2) 𝑦 = √𝑥 − 3
3) 𝑦 =
2𝑥−1
𝑥+3
Section 7 – Properties of Exponents and Logarithms
Properties of Exponents:
1. Whole number exponents:
2. Zero exponents:
𝑥 𝑛 = 𝑥 ∙ 𝑥 ∙ 𝑥 ∙ … ∙ 𝑥 (n factors of x)
𝑥 0 = 1, 𝑥 ≠ 0
3. Negative Exponents:
1
𝑥 −𝑛 = 𝑥 𝑛
𝑛
√𝑥 = 𝑎 → 𝑥 = 𝑎𝑛
5. Rational exponents:
𝑥
1⁄
𝑛
6. Rational exponents:
𝑥
𝑚⁄
𝑛
𝑛
= √𝑥
𝑛
= √𝑥 𝑚
Operations with Exponents:
1. Multiplying like bases:
𝑥 𝑛 𝑥 𝑚 = 𝑥 𝑚+𝑛
2. Dividing like bases:
𝑥𝑚
𝑥𝑛
3. Removing parentheses:
(𝑥𝑦)𝑛 = 𝑥 𝑛 𝑦 𝑛
Simplify the following.
1) 3𝑎−2 𝑏5 (5𝑎6 𝑏−3 𝑐 −4 )
2)
5𝑥 −2 𝑦 5 𝑧
3𝑥𝑦𝑧 −7
3
3𝑥𝑦 −1 𝑧 2
)
3
4
−3
4𝑥 𝑦 𝑧
3) (
4) 93⁄2
2 3
5) (3) − 123⁄2
= 𝑥 𝑚−𝑛
𝑥 𝑛
𝑥𝑛
(𝑦) = 𝑦𝑛
(𝑥 𝑛 )𝑚 = 𝑥 𝑛𝑚
Properties of Logarithms
1.
2.
3.
4.
𝑥𝑦
log𝑒 𝑥 = ln 𝑥
log 𝑎 𝑥 𝑛 = n log 𝑎 𝑥
log 𝑎 (𝑥𝑦) = log 𝑎 𝑥 + log 𝑎 𝑦
𝑥
log 𝑎 (𝑦) = log 𝑎 𝑥 − log 𝑎 𝑦
1) ln 𝑧 2
3
2) ln ℎ √ℎ − 1
𝑥 2 −1
3) ln (
𝑥3
4
)
4
4) ln 𝑒
Write the following as the logarithm of a single quantity.
5) 3 ln 𝑥 + 2 ln 𝑦 − 6 ln 𝑧
6)
1
5
[5 ln(𝑥 + 3) + ln 𝑥 − ln(𝑥 2 + 4)]
7)2 ln 5 −
1
2
ln(𝑦 − 2)
```