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Study Guide
Circulation/Blood Test
 Be able to answer questions about the 4 blood types:
o With what antigen do they react?
o list order of commonality
o Which type is the universal donor/recipient?
 Be able to answer blood type questions from the sim. blood lab
 What is the problem for a child who is Rh+ being born to an RH- mother?
 Be able to answer questions about the 3 types of vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries)
 Be able to trace the path of blood through the heart, and CO2 from the blood to the outside of the
 Know the 4 components of blood and some of their functions.
 Know which part of the heart controls heart rate and be familiar with the “pulse lab”.
 Be able to describe cardiovascular diseases.
 Be able to answer questions regarding the cardiac cycle.
 Draw and Label 3 heartbeats on a telemetry strip. Locate or identify and arrhythmia.
 Be able to recognize the structures and function of the valves, chambers and great vessels of the heart
(identification portion of the test)…but you may have questions on the multiple choice/matching
section of the test.
 Understand the difference between systolic and diastolic and be able to answer general questions
regarding blood pressure.
 What is a heart murmur?
 Be able to note the order of structures in the heart’s intrinsic conduction system:
 Trace the cardiac cycle from mid-late diastole through early diastole…what goes on?
Cause and Effect of the following conditions
Myocardial infarction:
Congestive Heart Failure:
Be able to discuss the influence of selected factors on cardiac output (ex. High blood pressure, low blood
pressure, epinephrine, emotional stress) and be able to distinguish between the sympathetic and
parasympathetic nervous system’s response to these stimuli (ex. do they reduce the stimulate or inhibit?).