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Study Guide – Weather
Your test will be on
Block: _____ Date:____________________
Complete the study guide on this paper and take all four parts online:
 (starting on )
The highest grade you get for each part online counts as a grade in class.
 Take each part as many times as you’d like up until the day of your test to practice.
Turn in this study guide and your 3 pages of notes the day of your test.
This study guide is not meant to replace studying your notes.
Part One: Fronts and Pressure Standards 6-4.4
Online Quiz Grade:________
Air Masses, Fronts, and Pressure Systems (Weather Notes 1 of 3)
1. Where would a cold, dry air mass form? __________________________________________
2. Where would a warm, humid air mass form? _________________________________________
3. This brings warmer temperatures when warm air moves in and rises over cold air: _____________
4. Type of front when a cold front catches a warm front: ________________
5. This brings cooler temperatures when cold air moves in and pushes warm air up: ______________
6. Type of front when warm and cold air masses don’t move: ______________
7. Type of front that is most likely to bring thunderstorms: _______________
8. Three types of fronts that usually have long periods of precipitation:
What type of weather front is each of the following?
9. ____________
10. _________________
11. _____________
12. __________________
13. Type of pressure system with stormy, rainy weather: _______________
14. Type of pressure system with fair weather (clear skies): _______________
15. What causes storms? _____________________________________________________________
16. What is a rapidly whirling funnel shaped cloud that comes down from a storm cloud? __________
17. What is a low pressure tropical storm that forms over warm ocean water? _________________
18. Which city is a warm front headed toward?
19. Which city is a cold front headed toward?
Part Two: Weather Tools Standards 6-4.5
Online Quiz Grade:________
Weather Instruments (Weather Notes 2 of 3)
1. What tools are used to measure wind direction? ________________________________________
2. What does a sling psychrometer measure? _____________ __________________
3. What does a thermometer measure? ___________________________
4. What does a barometer measure? ___________________________
Write the name of each of the following weather tools:
5. _______________________
6. ________________________
7. ____________________
8. _______________________
9. ________________________
10. ____________________
11. What tool measures wind speed? ____________________________
12. Which tool requires a table to interpret the readings? _______________________
13. What tool measures the amount of precipitation? __________________________
Give the current reading on each of the following weather instruments:
Wind is blowing
from the _______
18. Current Reading: _________________ mb
19. Previous Reading: ________________ mb
20. Has pressure increased or decreased?
21. Is weather getting better or worse?
Part Three: Weather Maps Standards 6-4.6
Online Quiz Grade:________
Weather Maps (Weather Notes 3 of 3)
1. What can satellite images show? _______________________________________
2. What’s a hurricane tracking map used for? ____________________________________________
3. What can radar images show?_______________________________________________________
Use the map to the left to answer these questions:
4. Which states only have temperatures between 60
and 70°F? ________________ ______________
5. What’s the temperature in: New York? _______
6. Temperature in South Carolina? ________
7. What are the lines called? __________________
Use the map to the right to answer these questions:
8. What’s the air pressure in: Arkansas? _________
9. Air pressure in South Carolina? _________
10. What are the lines called? __________________
11. Describe the skies in Oregon. ________________
12. Describe the skies in Kentucky? _______________
Use the map to the left to answer the questions below:
13. What are the numbers and symbols at each city called?
14. What is the temperature in Irmo? _______
15. What is the air pressure in Florence? _________
16. Which city has the faster wind, Irmo of Florence?
17. Describe the wind direction and precipitation in
Charleston? ______________________________
18. Describe the wind and precipitation in Greenville: _________________________
19. Which city has no precipitation? _____________________
20. Describe the cloud cover in Florence? __________________
21. Which city has the cloudiest skies? ____________________
22. Which city will probably be getting rain and thunderstorms soon? ______________
Why will it be getting rain and storms? ___________________________________________
23. Which city has most likely had precipitation for several days? _______________________
Why is it likely to have had precipitation for days? ________________________________
24. What type of weather is headed toward Florence? __________________________________
Part Four: Review Standards 6-4.1-3 and 6-1.2
Online Quiz Grade:________
Layers of the Atmosphere (Atmosphere Notes 1 of 3)
1. How are the layers of the atmosphere classified (separated)? ________________________
2. Which layer of the atmosphere has the greatest (highest) air pressure? ______________________
3. Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer? _______________________
4. In which layer of the atmosphere does weather occur? ________________________
5. What are the two most common gases in the atmosphere? ________________________________
Water Cycle (Atmosphere Notes 2 of 3)
6. What is the correct order of the water cycle? Evaporation and _____________________ 
__________________  __________________  ____________________
7. In which stage of the water cycle are the clouds formed? _________________________________
8. In which processes does water turn into water vapor? ____________________________________
9. What are the two types of runoff? ___________________________________________________
10. What are the five types of precipitation? ______________________________________________
Clouds (Atmosphere Notes 3 of 3)
11. How are clouds classified as cirrus, stratus or cumulus? ________________________________
12. What type of cloud produces thunderstorms? ______________________________
13. What is in the name of clouds that produce precipitation? ________________________
14. What weather is associated with white cumulus clouds? _________________________
15. What type of front is associated with cirrus clouds? ___________________________
Ronald heard about greenhouse gases and wanted to see if some gases heat up more than others in a
bottle. He put different gases in three bottles then measured how hot they got under a heat lamp. He
used the same size bottle, the same lamp and kept them the same distance from the lamp.
His data is listed in the table below:
Temperature of Bottle (°F)
Type of Gas in
1 min 2 min 3 min 4 min 5 min
carbon dioxide
16. What was Ronald’s manipulated variable? ____________________________
17. What was Ronald’s responding variable? ____________________________
18. List three controlled variables from this experiment: ____________________________________
Next to each of the following write I for inference, O for observation or N for neither:
Oxygen reached the highest temperature out of all three gases.
___19. Carbon dioxide reached the highest temperature out of all three gases.
___20. Methane would have gotten hotter than all of these gases.
___21. All three gases started out at the same temperature.
___22. All three gases are found in our atmosphere.
___23. Carbon dioxide absorbs light energy and turns it into heat more than ozone or oxygen.
___24. Carbon dioxide reflects light energy more than ozone or oxygen so doesn’t get as warm.