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Distance Learning Package 9 Teacher: Raquel Burgess January 10- 21, 2022 Student’s name: ____________________________ Parent’s signature: _________________________ Isaiah 40:30-31 Even youths grow tired and weary, and young men stumble and fall; but those who hope in the LORD will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run and not grow weary, they will walk and not be faint. Make an image like you see in the photograph. Write 5 goals that you would like to accomplish this New Year. Make sure you add the correct year, which is 2022. Memorize the bible verse! Introduction to Fractions Content A fraction is a number expressed as a quotient, in which a numerator is divided by a denominator. In a simple fraction, both are integers. A complex fraction has a fraction in the numerator or denominator. In a proper fraction, the numerator is less than the denominator. Fraction Terms A fraction has a numerator and a denominator. The numerator is the top number above the bar. The denominator is the bottom number below the bar. Numerator: The number that shows the parts being counted. Denominator: The number that shows the total parts as a whole. Numerator: A part of the whole number Denominator: The whole number Equivalent Fractions Equivalent fractions are two or more fractions that are all equal. A fraction is a part of a whole: the denominator (bottom number) represents how many equal parts the whole is split into; the numerator (top number) represents the amount of those parts. Simplifying Fractions Writing a fraction in its simplest form means that the top and bottom numbers can no longer be divided by the same whole number exactly or evenly (other than the number 1). For example, the fraction 2/3 is fully reduced. There isn't any whole number, other than 1, that both 2 and 3 can be divided by without having a remainder. Other examples of fully reduced fractions include 7/8, 5/9, and 11/20. An example of a fraction that isn't fully reduced is 2/4. This is because both 2 and 4 can be divided by 2 to equal the fraction ½. You can see from the picture below that these fractions are the same, but ½ is the simpler of the two fractions and is fully reduced. Improper Fractions An improper fraction is a fraction where the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator. Example: An improper fraction isn't wrong, but since the numerator, which represents the parts of the whole, is larger, the fraction actually represents a whole number and a fraction. Identifying Mixed Numbers A mixed number is a whole number, and a proper fraction represented together. It generally represents a number between any two whole numbers. Look at the given image, it represents a fraction that is greater than 1 but less than 2. It is thus, a mixed number. Converting Improper Fraction to Mixed Numbers How to Convert an Improper Fraction to a Mixed Number Divide the numerator by the denominator Write down the whole number result Use the remainder as the new numerator over the denominator. This is the fraction part of the mixed number. Example: Convert the improper fraction 16/3 to a mixed number. Divide 16 by 3: 16 ÷ 3 = 5 with remainder of 1 The whole number result is 5 The remainder is 1. With 1 as the numerator and 3 as the denominator, the fraction part of the mixed number is 1/3. The mixed number is 5 1/3. So 16/3 = 5 1/3. Activities Identifying Fractions Using Blocks Equivalent Fractions Simplify the Fractions Improper Fractions to Mixed Numbers Mixed Numbers to Improper Fractions Adding Fractions Identifying fractions - using blocks Color the fraction. 1. =2. = 3. =4. 5. =6. = 7. =8. = 9. =10. = 11. =12. = 13. =14. 15. =16. 17. =18. 19. =20. = = = = = Equivalent Fractions Complete the Equivalent Fractions Simplify the Fractions Improper Fractions Convert the following improper fractions to mixed numbers. Write your answer on the line next to each problem. Mixed Numbers to Improper Fractions Use the fraction diagrams to work out the improper fractions. The first one has been done for you. Adding Fractions About Bats Bats are mammals so the young are born, then live and feed on their mothers’ milk. A baby bat is called a pup. When it is born, the eyes are closed and it has no fur. At night, the adult female bat flies about catching and eating insects. The pup often goes along too, carried underneath the adult, clinging to its fur with its teeth, thumbs and hind feet. Bats are not blind, but at night a bat uses its ears, not its eyes, to find its way. When a bat flies it makes high-pitched sounds. When the sound hits an object, an echo comes back. The echo gives the bat the information about what is ahead, including the size, shape, and position of tiny insects. During the day, bats rest, upside down, in cool, dark places such as caves, hollow trees or roots. 1. What evidence is there that bats are mammals? _____________________________________________________________________ 2. People often say that bats are blind. a) Are they correct? _________ b) Why do you think people say that? ______________________________________________________________________ 3. How is a bat’s behavior at night different from their behavior during the day? ______________________________________________________________________ 4. Would you find a bat resting on a beach during the day? _______ Why or why not? ______________________________________________________________________ 5. What else did you learn from the passage? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________. Bats A bat is born Naked and blind and pale His mother makes a pocket of her tail. And catches him. He clings to her long fur 6) By his thumbs and toes and teeth And then the mother dances through the night Doubling and looping, soaring, somersaultingHer baby hangs on underneath. All night, in happiness, she hunts and flies. 10) Her high, sharp cries Like shining needlepoints of sound Go out into the night and, echoing back, Tell her what they have touched. She hears how far it is, how big it is 15) Which way it’s going; She lives by hearing…. Her baby drinks the milk she makes him In moonlight or starlight, in mid-air. Their single shadow, printed on the moon 20) Or fluttering across the stars, Whirls on all night; at daybreak The tired mother flaps home to her rafter. The others are all there. They hand themselves up by their toes… 25) All the bright day, as the mother sleeps, She folds her wings about her sleeping child. 1. Which word best describe the new-born bat in the poem? a) Curious b) Helpless c) Independent d) Exhausted 2. In line 19, why does the poet say that the bats have a single shadow? a) b) c) d) Because there is really only one bat Because two bats are very close together Because the bats are near to the moon Because they can’t see very well 3. ‘Like shining needlepoints of sound’ (line 11). What figure of speech is this? 4. The poet writes, “She folds her wings about her sleeping child” (Line 26). Is this an example of a simile or personification? 5. How do you think the poet wants the reader to feel about bats? Prepositions are words which tell us how one thing in a sentence is related to another. They are followed by nouns or pronouns: The pup is carried underneath the adult. He clings to her long fur. preposition The above prepositions describe how things are related in space. Some prepositions describe how things are related in time. Bats go hunting after the sun has set. preposition 1. Find the prepositions in the poem ‘Bats’. 2. Underline the prepositions in the following paragraphs: A bat lives in a roast- not a nest. The roost must be near a good feeding area and it must be easy for the bat to travel between the roost and the feeding area. They like to fly along rivers and hedges but not across busy roads. The vampire bat lives in the Caribbean. During the darkest part of the night, it lands on the ground, near its victim- usually a sleeping cow or horse. Then it moves towards the animal across the ground. Although the bat may drink blood from an animal for thirty minutes, the animal is not harmed. 3. Complete this paragraph with the correct preposition All day, the bats stayed inside/over/through the cave. The adults were hanging above/along/by their feet, one between/next to/away from the other on/in/under a long line. Until/At/For unset they went out of/into/next to the cave to find food. The babies hung around/underneath/on top of their mothers using their claw-like thumbs. They flew under/over/off fields and under/since/down/ bridges, under/off/through the dark night catching insects. Since/During/Until the night each bat caught about 10,000 insect! 4. Imagine that you visited the zoo. Extend the following sentences about what you did using these prepositions of time Before While After Example: I held a snake while mom took my photo. For At Until 1. I held a snake ________________________________________________________. 2. We fed the donkey ____________________________________________________. 3. Mom and auntie sat in the café ____________________________________________. 4. We took photos of the parrots ____________________________________________. 5. The zoo opened ________________________________________________________. 6. It rained _____________________________________________________________. Prepositional Phrases are groups of words which begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun: The pup is carried underneath the adult. The mother dances through the night. 1. Find 15 prepositional phrases between lines 18 and the end of the poem ‘Bats’. 2. Circle the preposition and underline the prepositional phrases in the following sentences. Example: Fruit-eating bats find fallen fruit on the ground. Last month, there were bats roosting under the eaves of our house. Sometimes they hung from the tree next to our house. Mrs. Allen, who lives down the road, said they were fruit-eating bats. They stick their noses into the paw-paws and suck the sweet flesh. 3. Make sentences by matching each sentence starter with a prepositional phrase. An example has been done for you. Bats clean themselves In cold countries, bats sleep Bats return to the roost They poke their tongues Fish-eating bats swoop Flower-feeding bats hover into the flower. on tiny fish. beside flowers. through the cold months. with their toes and tongues. before dawn. Word Work: Using a dictionary Study this extract from a dictionary. 1. Which part of speech is the ‘bat’ in each of these sentences? a) Don’t hold your bat like that. _______ b) Nathan was the first person to bat that day. ________ 2. Use your dictionary to find the meaning of these words. Use EACH word in a sentence. a) Bowl b) Hind c) Modified Social Studies UNICEF works in the world’s toughest places to reach the most disadvantaged children and adolescents – and to protect the rights of every child, everywhere. Across more than 190 countries and territories, we do whatever it takes to help children survive, thrive and fulfill their potential, from early childhood through adolescence. We are the world’s largest provider of vaccines, we support child health and nutrition, safe water and sanitation, quality education and skill building, HIV prevention and treatment for mothers and babies, and the protection of children and adolescents from violence and exploitation. Before, during and after humanitarian emergencies, UNICEF is on the ground, bringing lifesaving help and hope to children and families. Non-political and impartial, we are never neutral when it comes to defending children’s rights and safeguarding their lives and futures. Read the text above. Use this link to find out more about UNICEF organization and what they do for Belize. https://www.unicef.org/about-unicef/frequently-asked-questions 1. What does the acronym UNICEF stand for? _______________________________________________________________________. 2. What does UNICEF do? _________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________. 3. Where does UNICEF work? ________________________________________________________________________. 4. As a young person, what can UNICEF do for you? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________. 5. In what year was UNICEF established? _________________________________________. Science Food webs A food web consists of all the food chains in a single ecosystem. Each living thing in an ecosystem is part of multiple food chains. Each food chain is one possible path that energy and nutrients may take as they move through the ecosystem. A food chain outlines who eats whom. A food web is all of the food chains in an ecosystem. Each organism in an ecosystem occupies a specific trophic level or position in the food chain or web. 1. Which animal preys on the frog? ________________________ 2. Which animal preys on the animal that preys on the squirrel? ________________________ 3. What does the grasshopper eat? ________________________ 4. In which category do the plants fall? _________________________ 5. Which animal is eaten by both of the tertiary consumers in the diagram? __________________________