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Importance of Careers Pretest
After studying this section of the chapter, you will be able to:
• Explain the concept of work.
• Discuss the reasons people work
Key Terms
Career Ladder
What is work?
• Work is putting forth an effort to
produce or accomplish something.
• What do you go to school for?
• As you go to school, you work or put
forth an effort to do your homework,
read books, give reports, and study for
• You receive passing grades in return for
the work you do.
• At this point in your life, schoolwork is
very important. You are preparing
yourself for your future work—your
• What is a job? A job is the work
done, usually to earn money while
pursuing an interesting career. For
example, delivering newspapers is
a job.
• You may deliver newspapers while
you study to become a police
• Some jobs are full-time jobs, but
many jobs are part-time or
temporary jobs.
• You may take a job to earn money
for a specific reason, such as to
make a special purchase.
• An occupation is employment that
requires related skills and
• When does a job become an
occupation? A job may involve
one or two tasks.
• An occupation involves multiple
tasks at various levels of difficulty.
However, an occupation is not a
• For someone starting out, like
yourself, a career is a series of jobs
taken to advance in your chosen
field of work.
• Name career your interested in!
Career Ladder
• A career ladder is a sequence of work in a
career field, from entry to advanced
• Each rung of the career ladder is another
step in the progression to a better job.
• Each step in your career may require that
you learn new and more complex
information and skills.
• Reaching your final career objective may
take many years and require considerable
education and training.
Why do people work?
• People expect to receive something
• in return for their efforts. That
something could be personal
satisfaction or personal gain.
• Other reasons for working include a
sense of obligation, commitment to
a goal, or a sense of pride.
• For most people, earning money or
an income is the reason for working.
• What is your main reason for
Work Provides Income!
• Income is the money a person receives for
doing a job or from a return on an investment.
• The desire to make a profit and earn a good
living is called a profit motive.
• With this money, people buy things they need
or want.
• If you work a part-time job while in school, it
will allow you to have spending money and
save money for the future.
• After you graduate from high school or
college, you will probably find that you must
have a full-time job to meet your needs. A
need is something you must have in order to
live, because you have become an adult.
Learning Website—jobs or careers
Who's tools are these?
• Use the Dream starter &
career ladder worksheet
to write about 3 people
and complete the steps
and goals to your career.
• Number the steps as you
go up the ladder.
• You need a place to live, food to eat, and
also medical care when you are ill.
• Eventually, you may need enough income
to support a family.
• Satisfying greater needs usually requires
income from a higher paying job.
• In addition to your needs, you also have
• A want is an item you would like to have
but do not need to survive.
• For example, you may want a mansion,
but only need a small house to live in.
Work Influences Identity
• Look around the community
where you live.
• Do you see successful people in
your community?
• You may find many successful
people in all types of occupations.
• Some people work for others.
Some people work for
• Some of the businesses are big,
while others are medium-size or
Work Influences Identity
• The work you choose to do
becomes part of your identity.
• Your identity is the sum of traits
that distinguish you as an
• Your identity has two aspects. It is
how you see yourself. It also is
how others see you.
• When you describe yourself, you
are talking about your identity.
• For instance, you may say that you
are a student, a member of the
swim team, or a lifeguard.
Work Influences Identity
• A child’s lemonade stand
is an example of the desire
to earn money from work.
• Success in school paves
the way for future success
in your career.
• As an adult, your job will be an
important part of your identity.
• Your work will influence the way
you think of yourself and the way
others see you.
• It is important to choose work
that will allow you to be proud, to
respect yourself, and to develop a
positive identity.
• How do you spend your time?
What activities do you enjoy?
Where do you live? What is
important to you? Your answers to
these questions will help you
describe your lifestyle.
• A lifestyle is a way of life as
characterized by a person’s activities,
attitudes, possessions, and manner
of living.
• The work you choose will affect your
lifestyle. It will affect where you live.
For instance, if you want to be a
flight attendant, you should live near
an airport.
• Your work will also affect the people
you meet and the time you have to
spend with your family and friends.
Some jobs may require working
nights and weekends.
Work Influences Lifestyle
Work Hours
• Others may involve overtime
hours or out-of-town travel.
• Some work schedules are fixed;
they are firmly set. Working
hours and days do not change.
• Other work schedules are
flexible, with work hours and
workdays changing frequently.
• The amount of time you have to
enjoy leisure activities will
depend on your work schedule.
Complete the worksheets
• Needs and Wants
Work provides Satisfaction
• One of the most important reasons
for working is to gain personal
satisfaction from doing a job well.
• Doing a job well helps build your
self-esteem, which gives you
confidence in yourself.
• When you have self-esteem, you
feel good about yourself. You are
proud of who you are and what
you do.
• Work provides a feeling of
accomplishment. When you
complete a job and do it well, you
feel good about it.
Work Provides usefulness
• Another kind of satisfaction from
work comes from being with other
people. Most types of work allow
occasional opportunities to socialize
with others.
• Work also provides the satisfaction
of feeling useful. You can feel useful
by earning money to support
• You can also feel useful by doing
work that you believe is important.
Work that provides a public service
can give you a strong sense of
• Some examples include helping
people in need, enforcing the law,
fighting fires, and cleaning the
Work Provides Personal Satisfaction
• Many people judge their success • Many of the most famous people
in terms of personal satisfaction
in history dedicated their lives to
rather than how much money
helping society without
they make.
expecting financial rewards.
These people are regarded as
• They do not think they have to
society’s heroes.
become wealthy to be successful.
Many successful people have
limited financial resources.
• They receive their rewards by
helping others. They take pride in
their work and in their
Work Keeps The Economy Strong
• When people work, they make
• A strong economy depends on
products and perform services
the balance between the
that others buy. They also earn
production and consumption of
money that allows them to meet
goods and services.
their needs by purchasing a home,
clothes, and food.
• By making these purchases,
people put their earnings back
into the economy.
• A country’s economy is its way of
producing, distributing, and
consuming goods and services.
Kahoot Quiz: chapter 1.1
importance of careers play site