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Problems of learning and teaching language: innovations and
perspectives
Nurmatova Farangiz,
student of Navoi State Pedagogical Institute,
faculty of foreign languages
Learning a new language is one of the basic principles that can promote
education and to build capacity in educational institutes . In order to bring
comprehensive changes in all aspects of education such as administration,
curriculum, content, and instructional design, it is important that educators have
access to up-to-date resources, computers, the internet, and other technologies that
can aid in the educational process. Faced with the reality English is the language of
science and technologies that we need an education that will prepare them for the
globalized world. In this respect, teachers, students, and educators all need to know
English. Moreover, knowing English increases the opportunities for students and
educators to participate in international exchange programs which will help and
facilitate the process of bringing new ideas and perspectives back to their country.
Learning and teaching language is not easy, so we have some difficulties
that we can come across in many cases. Each learner has his own issues but the
most common that we can feel in students are lack of vocabulary, grammar,
incorrect pronunciation and hesitation in speaking.
Basically, Teaching must include two major components sending and
receiving information. Ultimately, a teacher tries his best to impart knowledge as
the way he understood it. The use of innovative methods in educational institutions
has the potential not only to improve education, but also to empower people,
strengthen governance and galvanize the effort to achieve the human development
goal for the country with a number of educational options available before the
present generation learners, the newer trends seem to have emerged in the field of
education that have entirely changed the face of traditional system of education.
When teaching a foreign language, it is important for teachers to encourage
students. Motivation is one of the most important factors in learning a new
language. Films and TV shows are an integral part of students’ lives so it makes
perfect sense to bring them into the language classroom. Film, as a motivator, also
makes the language learning process more entertaining and enjoyable. So we can
use films and videos in teaching as a power tool. Film can bring variety and
flexibility to the language classroom by extending the range of teaching techniques
and resources, helping students to develop all four communicative skills. For
example, a whole film or sequence can be used to practice listening and reading,
and as a model for speaking and writing. Film can also act as a springboard for
follow-up tasks such as discussions, debates on social issues, role plays,
reconstructing a dialogue or summarizing. It is also possible to bring further
variety to the language learning classroom by screening different types of film:
feature-length films, short sequences of films, short films, and adverts.
Watching films with music is the perfect starting point. Listening to music
allows to hear the clear pronunciation of words as the phrases are more drown out.
Also watching movies helps you to improve your imagination. The biggest benefit
of language learning through movies is that students can master any language of
their choice without anyone’s help. They can learn the target language even though
they don’t live in the country where people speak their target language. Moviebased learning makes people an incredible listener. They develop an ear for
pronunciations, dictions, dialects, etc. People also pick up cool phrases and slangs
by watching movies which wouldn’t be possible if they went to a formal tutor to
learn a language. What I really like about learning a foreign tongue through movies
is that students can control the pace of their learning. They can pause, rewind, fast
forward or slow down the movie at will to grasp the language at their own
convenience.
While watching films students can get used to sounds and rhythms of the
language, and certain cultural idiosyncrasies as well. They might notice certain
words and phrases that crop up often. It helps to consolidate language that they
have been learning elsewhere. For example, if students have learnt a word in a
textbook and hear it later in a movie, that might help it to stick. And also we should
the same movie over and over, rather than a new one each time. The repetition will
help notice language and help words and phrases to sink in.
Literature
1. www.elsevier.com/locate/tate
2. Dörnyei, Z., (2001), Motivational Strategies in the Language Classroom,
Cambridge University Press
3. N.G. Mathew, Reflective classroom practice for effective classroom
instruction, in «International Education Studies», 5(3), 2012, pp. 205-222.
4. Cazden, C.B., 1988. Classroom discourse: The language of teaching and
learning. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.