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Participation in the Process of
Brownfield Regeneration
Dagmar Petríková, Matej Jaššo
„This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only
of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.“
What is public participation
Who is the public
What international documents are supporting it
What are the rights of the public guaranteed by
these documents
• What are the levels of public participation
Goals of the teaching unit
• Role and importance of public participation in
brownfield regeneration
• Understanding of the rights of public participation in
decision-making in environmental matters
• Participation and the quality of life for local
• Involvement of the public and stakeholders
Participative planning culture
Public participation process – duration and focus
Public concerned
International documents supporting public
• Good practice of public participation in brownfield
Participative planning culture
• Participative planning culture, based on the involvement
of all relevant actors, stakeholders and target groups
proved to be most successful in the process of
sustainable brownfield redevelopment.
• Participative planning is able to overcome the lack of
vision and certain fragmentation and disconnection
among the actors and stakeholders, stressing the
common goals and targets and facilitating the process
of visioning and searching common identity.
Public Participation
• Process in which the opinions, attitudes and standpoints
of all stakeholders – citizens, civic associations and
initiatives, NGOs, business units, regional and local
governments, professionals - are all integrated in the
decision-making process.
• They all can get involved in community planning and
actively take a part in the process of brownfield
Public Participation Process - duration
• Public participation process starts with the involvement
of the stakeholders from the beginning of brownfield
redevelopment plan making and can extend to
implementation and at the same time focus on all
aspects of brownfield redevelopment:
environmental issues,
social issues,
transport and others.
Public Participation Process - focus
• The process of public participation is focused on
meeting the visions, needs and requirements of the
stakeholders and as such contributes to fulfilling of social
needs and social dimension of sustainable brownfield
• In the process of public participation various interests
are confronted and consensus for acceptable solution is
• Stakeholders are people or organisations who have a
real interest in the particular issue being considered,
either because they could be directly affected by a
planning decision or because they, (organisations), have
been created for the purpose of influencing these types
of decisions. The former are clearly the local residents,
workers businesses etc., while the later includes
organisations, which want to protect the environment, or
associations of house-builders, or retailers.
Who is Public
• The whole population can be considered as the public
and when national planning issued are being considered,
it could be true.
• A person or a group of people who are interested to
give the views, get involved and affect the decision.
• Most planning issues are of a much more local nature
and public participation works most effectively when
applied at smaller scale.
The public concerned
• It is a group of the public affected or likely to be
affected or having an interest in the environmental
decision-making procedures
• The concept of the concerned public varies in
quantity and quality and depends on the
plan/proposal under consideration.
International documents supporting
public participation
• Aarhus Convention – European Convention on Human
Rights (1998)
• EC Directive No. 35/2003 on Public Participation in
respect of drawing up of certain plans and programmes
relating to the environment – in effect since June 2005
for the EU member states
• These documents support the responsibility and
transparency of decision-making processes at all levels as
well as strengthen public participation in the
environmental and social decision-making.
Three rights of public participation
These documents grant three rights of the public for
• The right to information - the access and right of the
public to obtain information on the environment
• The right to participate - the right to participate in
decisions that affect the environment
• The right to justice in environmental matters
The right to information
• Member States will ensure that relevant information
about the preparation and modification or review of
the plans and programmes is given to the public,
including the information about the right to participate
in decision-making and about the competent authority
to which comments or questions may be submitted.
The right to participate
• Member States will ensure that the public is given early
and effective opportunities to participate in the
preparation and modification or review of the plans and
programmes. The public is entitled to express comments
and opinions when all options are open before
• In making the decisions due account shall be taken of the
results of public participation and of information of the
public on the reasons the decisions are based, including
info about the public participation process.
The right to justice
• Member States will ensure the rights of appeal
against decisions to refuse requests for information
on the environment, against failures of law in
decision-making processes, or against actions which
are illegal under a country’s environmental laws.
Three levels of public involvement (OECD 2001)
Good Practice in Public Participation
• Good practice in public participation process would
usually involve a detailed mapping of stakeholders to
identify whom to include.
• Information as prerequisite of the process, inform as
early as possible, inform truly and introduce a full and
unbiased picture of the planned brownfield
• The basis for successful public participation is
information of the citizens and other stakeholders,
consultations and communication with the public, which
leads to motivating, and involving the public.
Planning for Brownfield Regeneration
Photos by: Michaela Bruehl, Copenhagen, Denmark
Photos by Michaela Bruehl, Copenhagen, Denmark
• Public participation is about the “public” becoming
involved in the whole planning process, actively taking
part in the process by which plans and redevelopment
proposals are created.
• It is supported by the EU documents which are binding in
the EU member states.
• Public participation is already an important part of
planning, based on formal and informal approaches.
Thank you for your attention
„This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only
of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.“