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Jefferson County Science Scope and Sequence
Courses: Physical Science
Course Codes: 2003310
Quarter: 2C ~2 weeks
Topic(s) of Study: Electrostatics and Circuits
Bodies of Knowledge: Nature of Science; Physical Science
Standard(s): 1: The Practice of Science, 2: The Characteristics of Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, and
Models, 10: Energy
Essential Questions: How do the use of conductors, semiconductors, and insulators affect our daily
lives? What would be the consequences of a solar flare or eruption? How do scientists design an
investigation to answer a scientific question and communicate their findings?
SC.912.P.10.14 Differentiate
among conductors,
semiconductors, and insulators
Cognitive Complexity: Moderate
SC.912.P.10.15 Investigate and
explain the relationships among
current, voltage, resistance, and
power. Cognitive Complexity:
SC.912.N.1.1 Define a problem
based on a specific body of
knowledge, for example: biology,
chemistry, physics, and
earth/space science, and do the
Cognitive Complexity: High:
1. pose questions about the
natural world,
2. conduct systematic
3. examine books and other
sources of information to
see what is already
4. review what is known in
light of empirical
5. plan investigations,
I. Conductors, Semiconductors,
and Insulators:
A. Conductors – materials
through which electrical charges
can flow.
B. Insulators – materials that are
poor conductors of electricity.
C. Semiconductors – Materials
that can behave as a conductor
or insulator depending on
II. Current – The rate at which
charge flows past a point in a
III. Voltage – Defined as the
electric potential difference
between two points.
IV. Resistance – The resistance of a
material is the slope of a
voltage vs. current graph.
V. Power – Power is the rate at
which work is done or energy is
used. In electrical circuits,
VI. Ohm’s Law is used to relate
Voltage, Current, and
Resistance in a circuit: V=IR
 Classify materials as
conductors, insulators, and
semiconductors (I)
 Explain the relationship
between current, voltage,
resistance and power using
data from an investigation (IIVI)
 Analyze graphs to calculate
resistance (II-VI)
 Apply Ohm’s Law to simple
circuits (II-VI)
 Calculate energy used and
power in circuits (II-VI)
Objectives below are from
Quarter 1A and should be
embedded in this topic of
Define a scientific problem or
question based on the
specific body of knowledge
correlated to the Physical
Science course
Use appropriate reference
materials to support scientific
investigations of various
types, such as systematic
Jefferson County Science Scope and Sequence
6. use tools to gather,
analyze, and interpret
data (this includes the
use of measurement in
metric and other
systems, and also the
generation and
interpretation of
graphical representations
of data, including data
tables and graphs),
7. pose answers,
explanations, or
descriptions of events,
8. generate explanations
that explicate or describe
natural phenomena
9. use appropriate evidence
and reasoning to justify
these explanations to
10. communicate results of
scientific investigations,
11. evaluate the merits of the
explanations produced by
SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how
scientific inferences are drawn
from scientific observations and
provide examples from the
content being studied
Cognitive Complexity: Moderate
SC.912.N.1.7 Recognize the role
of creativity in constructing
scientific questions, methods
and explanations.
Cognitive Complexity: Low
SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the
function of models in science,
and identify the wide range of
observation or experiments
Explain that science is based
on evidence based facts
Determine tools and methods
that should be used to collect
valid data
Compare and contrast
scientific inferences and
scientific observations
Recognize that scientists who
make contributions to
scientific knowledge come
from all kinds of backgrounds
and possess varied talents,
interests, and goals
Compare and contrast the
terms that describe examples
of scientific knowledge such
as: theory, law, hypothesis,
and model
Distinguish science from
other activities involving
thought (
Explain why models are used
in science to observe
processes that happen too
slowly, too quickly, or are too
small or vast for direct
Give examples of
mathematical, and
conceptual models as used in
Jefferson County Science Scope and Sequence
models used in science.
Cognitive Complexity: Moderate