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Transcript
Impact of business on human
rights and environmental
sustainability in ASEAN countries
Sriprapha Petcharamesree
IHRP, Mahidol University, Thailand
Website: http://www.ihrp.mahidol.ac.th
Outlines
• Roadmap towards an ASEAN Integration
• Economic integration – business as usual?
• Ensuring Environmental sustainability –
Strategies and Actions
• Impact of business first on human rights
and environmental sustainability
• ASEAN human rights regime and A rightsbased approach to environmental
preservation in ASEAN?
Roadmap towards an ASEAN
Integration 20009-2015
ASEAN Community based three pillars
- Political and security community
- Economic community
- Socio-cultural community
ASEAN human rights system
- AICHR
- ACWC
- AHRD
Economic Integration-Economic
Community-Business as usual
• Transforming ASEAN into a region with
free movement of goods, services,
investment, skilled labour, and freer flow of
capital
• Human rights, CSR and nvironmental
sustainability were prescribed in the
Political – Security and Socio-Cultural
blueprints
Socio-Cultural Community-Ensuring
Environmental Sustainability
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D1. Global Environmental Issues
D2. Transboundary Environmental Pollution
D3. Environmental Education
D4. Environmentally Sound Technology
D5. Environmentally Sustainable Cities
D6. Harmonisation of Environmental Policies &
Databases
D7. Coastal & Marine Environment
D8. Natural Resources & Biodiversity
D9. Freshwater Resources
D10. Climate Change
D11. Forestry
ASEAN Environmental Framework
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1981 Manila Declaration on ASEAN Environment
1984 Bangkok Declaration on ASEAN Environment
1987 Jakarta Declaration on Sustainable Development
1990 The KL Accord on Environment and Development
issued by the ASEAN Ministers of Environment
• 1992 Singapore Resolution on Environment and
Development
• 1994 Bandar Seri Begawan Resolution on Environment
and Development
• 1997 Jakarta Declaration on Environment and
Development
ASEAN Environmental Framework
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2000 Kota Kinabalu Resolution on Environment
2003 Yangon Resolution on Sustainable Development
2006 Cebu Resolution on Sustainable Development
ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability
2009 Cha-Am Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for
an ASEAN Community
• 2009 Joint Declaration on the Attainment of the MDG in
ASEAN
• 2012 ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (art.28,
35,36,37)
Institutional Framework
(Environment)
ASEAN Summit (ASEAN Heads of State / Government
ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Council
ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Environment (AMME & IAMME) - Secretary-General of
ASEAN
ASEAN Senior Officials on the Environment (ASOEN)
ASEAN Secretariat (Environment Division)
AWGMEA - Multilateral Environmental Agreements
AWCME - Coastal and Marine Environment
AWGNCB - Nature Conservation and Biodiversity
AWGWRM - Water Resources Management
AWGESC - Environmentally Sustainable Cities
AWGEE - Environmental Education
ASEAN State of the Environment Report (started in 1997) Latest 2009 (4th report)
Impact of economic growth on
environment
GROW NOW AND CLEAN UP LATER
- deforestation
- depletion of natural resources
- Increasing pollution
- Health threat
- Fragile ecosystem
- Haze problem
- Environmental degradation
- Loss of wild species
- etc
Impacts of business first on human
rights
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Right to participation
Rights to association and assembly
Right to access to means of subsistence
Right to health
Right to information
Right to self determination- development
Right to life
Right not to be enforced to disappear
etc
Challenges
A Clean and Green ASEAN in Building an environmentally
sustainable clean and green ASEAN Community;
Transforming the “green shoots” of growth in the face of the
2008 financial crisis into an economically resilient
ASEAN anchored upon green growth; and
Nurturing the new ASEAN to be a people centered
organisation respecting and living in harmony with
nature.
ASEAN human rights regime and A rightsbased approach to environmental
preservation in ASEAN?
ASEAN People-oriented? Where is people
participation
ASEAN elitist- Where is accountability?
ASEAN human rights mechanism- where is
monitoring power?
ASEAN human rights framework – where is its
implementation?
A rights-based approach to environmental
preservation in ASEAN?