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Impact of business on human rights and environmental sustainability in ASEAN countries Sriprapha Petcharamesree IHRP, Mahidol University, Thailand Website: http://www.ihrp.mahidol.ac.th Outlines • Roadmap towards an ASEAN Integration • Economic integration – business as usual? • Ensuring Environmental sustainability – Strategies and Actions • Impact of business first on human rights and environmental sustainability • ASEAN human rights regime and A rightsbased approach to environmental preservation in ASEAN? Roadmap towards an ASEAN Integration 20009-2015 ASEAN Community based three pillars - Political and security community - Economic community - Socio-cultural community ASEAN human rights system - AICHR - ACWC - AHRD Economic Integration-Economic Community-Business as usual • Transforming ASEAN into a region with free movement of goods, services, investment, skilled labour, and freer flow of capital • Human rights, CSR and nvironmental sustainability were prescribed in the Political – Security and Socio-Cultural blueprints Socio-Cultural Community-Ensuring Environmental Sustainability • • • • • • • • • • • D1. Global Environmental Issues D2. Transboundary Environmental Pollution D3. Environmental Education D4. Environmentally Sound Technology D5. Environmentally Sustainable Cities D6. Harmonisation of Environmental Policies & Databases D7. Coastal & Marine Environment D8. Natural Resources & Biodiversity D9. Freshwater Resources D10. Climate Change D11. Forestry ASEAN Environmental Framework • • • • 1981 Manila Declaration on ASEAN Environment 1984 Bangkok Declaration on ASEAN Environment 1987 Jakarta Declaration on Sustainable Development 1990 The KL Accord on Environment and Development issued by the ASEAN Ministers of Environment • 1992 Singapore Resolution on Environment and Development • 1994 Bandar Seri Begawan Resolution on Environment and Development • 1997 Jakarta Declaration on Environment and Development ASEAN Environmental Framework • • • • • 2000 Kota Kinabalu Resolution on Environment 2003 Yangon Resolution on Sustainable Development 2006 Cebu Resolution on Sustainable Development ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability 2009 Cha-Am Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community • 2009 Joint Declaration on the Attainment of the MDG in ASEAN • 2012 ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (art.28, 35,36,37) Institutional Framework (Environment) ASEAN Summit (ASEAN Heads of State / Government ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Council ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Environment (AMME & IAMME) - Secretary-General of ASEAN ASEAN Senior Officials on the Environment (ASOEN) ASEAN Secretariat (Environment Division) AWGMEA - Multilateral Environmental Agreements AWCME - Coastal and Marine Environment AWGNCB - Nature Conservation and Biodiversity AWGWRM - Water Resources Management AWGESC - Environmentally Sustainable Cities AWGEE - Environmental Education ASEAN State of the Environment Report (started in 1997) Latest 2009 (4th report) Impact of economic growth on environment GROW NOW AND CLEAN UP LATER - deforestation - depletion of natural resources - Increasing pollution - Health threat - Fragile ecosystem - Haze problem - Environmental degradation - Loss of wild species - etc Impacts of business first on human rights • • • • • • • • • Right to participation Rights to association and assembly Right to access to means of subsistence Right to health Right to information Right to self determination- development Right to life Right not to be enforced to disappear etc Challenges A Clean and Green ASEAN in Building an environmentally sustainable clean and green ASEAN Community; Transforming the “green shoots” of growth in the face of the 2008 financial crisis into an economically resilient ASEAN anchored upon green growth; and Nurturing the new ASEAN to be a people centered organisation respecting and living in harmony with nature. ASEAN human rights regime and A rightsbased approach to environmental preservation in ASEAN? ASEAN People-oriented? Where is people participation ASEAN elitist- Where is accountability? ASEAN human rights mechanism- where is monitoring power? ASEAN human rights framework – where is its implementation? A rights-based approach to environmental preservation in ASEAN?