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5th Grade Presentation on
World War II
Mary McCullough
Carrie Reynolds
Goals: This lesson will activate students’
background knowledge about: 1) the causes of
WWII, 2) the key leaders of the Axis and Allied
Powers during WWII, 3) America’s involvement
in WWII, 4) both Japanese Americans and
African Americans fighting in WWII, 5) the
bombing of Pearl Harbor, 6) Japanese
Internment Camps, 7) the main points of the
Yalta Conference, 8) the end of WWII,
9)Germany divided after WWII, and 10) the
total fatalities of WWII.
1) Students will explain how the Treaty of Versailles caused WWII.
2) Students will explain the causes of WWII, the reasons for bombing
Pearl Harbor and America’s involvement in WWII.
3) Students will locate cities: Berlin, London, Moscow, Paris, Pearl
Harbor (military base), Rome, and Tokyo; as well as
countries: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United
Kingdom, on a map.
4) Students will differentiate between Axis leaders – Hirohito, Hitler,
Mussolini, and Stalin, and Allied leaders –Churchill,
FDR, Stalin (switched sides) and Italy (switched sides).
5) Students will listen to “Cult of Personality” Song and analyze how
this song relates to WWII on Post-It Notes.
Objectives (Con’t)
6) Students will listen to FDR’s Pearl Harbor Address – Infamy Speech”,
discuss the significance of this speech, and fill out in groups the Seven W’s
Chart Graphic Organizer.
7) Students will play a laminated game in which they will recall and identify
countries and cities pertaining to WWII.
8) Students will answer the questions, “What Does Propaganda Mean to
You?” “How is propaganda used for both positive and negative
reasons?” “How was Propaganda used in WWII?”, “How is Propaganda
today in the media?” on note cards.
9) Students will watch a color Nazi Propaganda Rally You Tube Video and
explain how the video makes them feel, what type of propaganda this rally
is an example of, who the intended audience is, how the Nazis used
propaganda during WWII, and the video’s point of view.
10) Students will write poems or letters about being one of the following: you
are a soldier, nurse, medic and Pearl Harbor is bombed, or you are a
Japanese American imprisoned in a Japanese Internment Camp.
Historical Understandings of World
War II
• SS5H4:a The student will describe the Impact
of Treaty of Versailles (1919).
• SS5H6: The student will explain the reasons
for America’s involvement in World War II.
• c. The student will describe major events in
the war in both Europe and the Pacific
including Pearl Harbor and the Holocaust.
• d. The student will identify Roosevelt, Stalin,
Churchill, Hirohito, Mussolini, and Hitler.
Geographic Understandings
• SSG1: The student will locate important
places in the United States on a map
including Pearl Harbor.
• The student will locate important
places in Europe on a map including
Berlin, London, Moscow, Paris and
Unit Plan Format
1) Opening – WWII K-W-L Chart Graphic Organizer
2) Causes and Overview of WWII (Opening)– You tube
3) WWII Power Point Presentation
4) What Propaganda is and how it is used both
negatively and positively?”
- Anti-Semitic Slide
- Hitler Color Rally You Tube Video
- Pearl Harbor Slide
- FDR Speech- “Pearl Harbor Address”- You Tube Video
and Activity – Seven W’s Chart Graphic Organizer (20
Unit Plan (Con’t)
5) Collaborative Group Activities (20 min. max)
Activity 1: Students play Map of Europe Laminated Game
Activity 2: Activity 2: Using note cards, students answer the
questions in complete sentences, “What Does Propaganda Mean
to You?”, “How was Propaganda used in WWII?”, “How is
Propaganda used today in the media?”
Activity 3: Activity 3: Students will listen to and analyze “Cult of
Personality” Song.
Activity 4: Activity 4: Students will write letters or poems about
Pearl Harbor and Japanese Internment Camps
6)Review WWII Material
7) Culminating Activity (Ending) Show “American Anthem” Song –
Gene Scheer, sung by Norah Jones
Activity 1,2,3,4
Activity 1: Students play Map of Europe Laminated Game
In groups of 4-5, student 1 will throw a dart magnet at a magnetic, laminated map of Europe during
WWII, on the wall. Student 2 will choose a card associated with the county the dart lands on, and
this person will ask student 1, a question relating to that country.
Activity 2: Using note cards, students answer the questions in complete sentences, “What
Does Propaganda Mean to You?”, “How was Propaganda used in WWII?”, “How is
Propaganda used today in the media?”
Activity 3: Students will listen to and analyze “Cult of Personality” Song.
Students will discuss and answer the questions, “How does this song relate to WWII? “What type
of propaganda is this song displaying? – positive, negative or both, “What does this song
remind you of today?” on Post-it Notes.
Activity 4: Students will write letters or poems about Pearl Harbor and Japanese Internment
Students will imagine they are a soldier, nurse or a medic and Pearl Harbor is bombed, or they
will imagine they are Japanese Americans imprisoned in a Japanese Internment Camp.
Power Point Presentation
1) Causes of WWII – Treaty of Versailles, Flu, Economic Recession in
Germany, German Nationalism
2) Time Line of WWII
3) Map of WWII
4) Leaders of WWII – Axis Powers and Allied Powers
5) Propaganda – Anti-Semitic Propaganda, Pearl Harbor Address – Positive
6) Pearl Harbor – Causes, Bombing, Consequences
7) America’s Involvement in WWII – Japanese Americans, African Americans
8) Japanese Internment Camps – Executive Order 9066, “Relocation Centers”
9) End of WWII Timeline
10) Yalta Conference
11)Map of Germany After WWII
12)Total WWII Fatalities
13) WWII Stats
14) WWII Literature
15) 5th Grade Activities
Causes of WWII
1) Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1919 – Ended WWI between Germany
and Allied Powers
Legal Restrictions:
Germany had to accept sole responsibility for causing WWI
Kaiser Wilhelm II and other Germans tried as War Criminals
Germany had to pay reparations of 132 billion gold marks to United
Kingdom, France and Russia (Soviet Union)
Military Restrictions:
Rhineland (section of Germany) is demilitarized zone, now controlled by
Great Britain and France
Territorial Restrictions: Germany had to give up territorial lands to other
- Alsace Lorraine (France)
Treaty of Versailles (Con’t)
Germany after Treaty of Versailles:
Green – administered by League of Nations
Yellow- territories annexed by neighboring countries
Peach – Weimar Germany
Causes of WWII (Con’t)
2) Economic Recession and inflation hit
Germany hard -1920’s and 1930’s
3) German Nationalism grew – Nazi Party
and Hitler come to power in1920’s and
4)1918 FLU Epidemic – killed ~50 million
people after WWI
World War II Timeline
1) WWII began when Hitler invaded Poland September 1, 1939 – Britain and France
(Allied Side) declare War on Germany
2) Italy joins Germany’s side (Axis Side) – June 1940
3) Russia joins Axis Side
4) Russia joins Allied Side in 1941, when Hitler invades Russia
5) Japan joins Axis Side
6) Fall of Paris – June 14, 1940
Battle of Britain : Summer and Fall 1940
United States joins Allied Side after Japan bombs Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
7) Italy declares War on Germany October 1943
8) D-Day: June 6, 1944
9) May 7, 1945 – Germany surrenders to Western Europe (Western Front)
10) May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders to Russia (Eastern Front) (VE Day)
11) August 6, August 9, 1945 – U.S. drops Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
12) August 15, 1945 – Japan surrenders to Allies (WWII ENDS)
WWII Europe Map
Axis Powers
• Germany, Italy, Soviet Union, Japan
Nazi Flag (1920-1945)
Mussolini and Hitler
Russia’s Flag
Fascist Italian Social Republic Flag
WWII Japanese Navy and Army Flag
Adolf Hitler
1) German Chancellor, Führer (Head of State) 19331945 – autocrat dictator
2) Leader of Nazi Party
3) Leader of the National Socialist German Workers
4) Wasn’t German but Austrian
5) Part Jewish
6) Wrote Mein Kampf (1925) - “My Struggle”
7) Believed in “Aryan” society
8) Killed ~ 17 million people, Exterminated 6.5 million
Jews in Concentration Camps
9) Died: April 30, 1945- Suicide- shot himself
Quotes: “The United States people are timid,
undisciplined scum under the influence of
Negroes and Jews”
“Hence today I believe that I am acting in
accordance with the will of the Almighty
Creator: 'by defending myself against the Jew, I
am fighting for the work of the Lord.'
(Mein Kampf)
“If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently
enough, it will be believed.”
Benito Mussolini
1) “Il
Duce” (1925) – the leader
2) Fascist Dictator of Italy
3) Part of Axis Powers with Hitler
4) Removed from office July 25, 1943
5) Imprisoned
6) Died April 28, 1945 - executed
Joseph Stalin
1) Russian (Soviet Union) Communist
Dictator – “Stalinism”
2) Part of Axis Powers
3) Joined Allied side (1941) when
Germans invaded Russia
4) With “Red Army” and KGB- Stalin
killed during “The Great Terror”
~20 million of his people
5) Paranoid – did NOT trust anyone
6)“Cult of Personality” - Stalin = GOD
7) Died: March 5, 1953 – not sure how
he died
Emperor Hirohito
Flag of the Emperor
Japanese Emperor 1926-1989
Part of Axis Powers
Responsible for blowing up Pearl
Allied Forces
Winston Churchill
1) Prime Minister of Britain
2) “The Lion’s Roar” – held the British
people together
3) Said, “Never, never, never give up!”
and “We will Never surrender”
4) Part of the Big 3 – Yalta Conference
5) After WWII, he was voted out of
6) Died: January 24, 1965 – 90yrs. old
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
U.S. President during WWII
1) Disabled President – Polio, sat
in wheelchair
2) Came to Warm Springs, GA for
Polio treatment
3) Only U.S. President to serve 4
5) “Infamy Speech” – Dec. 8, 1941
6) Declared War on Japan –
7) Signed Executive Order 9066February 19, 1942 (Japanese
Internment Camps)
8) Died in April 12, 1945 – stroke
What Is Propaganda?
Propaganda - Information, ideas, or
rumors deliberately spread widely to
help or harm a person, group,
movement, institution, or nation
Nazi – Anti-Semitic Propaganda
The Poisonous Mushroom – Children’s Book
“When you see a cross, then think of the
“The Jew: The inciter of war, the prolonger of war.”
horrible murder by the Jews on Golgatha.”
Pearl Harbor Address
FDR’s Infamy Speech: Dec. 8, 1941“Yesterday, December 7, 1941 — a date which
will live in infamy — the United States of America
was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval
and air forces of the Empire of Japan […]We will
gain the inevitable triumph so help us God.”
3) Now, U.S. involved in WWII
Ken Burns WWII Documentary Disc 1 (2007)
Causes of Pearl Harbor
Japan dreamed of becoming mighty power country
Japan took resources of China, French, Dutch and British
Colonies in South East Asia
U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii, Guam, Wake Island and
Commonwealth of Philippines was obstacle in Japan’s way
FDR demanded Japanese withdrawal from China
*December 1939 FDR froze Japanese assets in America so
no American oil could be used to fuel further aggression in Asia –
caused Japan to go to war with the United States
Ken Burns WWII Documentary Disc 1 (2007)
Tora! Tora! Tora!
1) 7:55 AM Sunday Dec. 7, 1941 – Japan sneak attack
and bombs Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
2) No other sneak attack had ever happened to the United
States like Pearl Harbor
8 Battle ships- including USS Arizona
3 light cruisers, 3 destroyers and 4 other
naval vessels were sunk or damaged by
164 aircraft destroyed (had not even left
the ground)
U.S. Casualties: 2,403 Americans died
Map of Pearl Harbor
America’s Involvement in WWII
1) (1939-1941) – America was isolated from WWII
2) America was just recovering from “The Great Depression”
3) December 7, 1941- Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor – America
now involved in WWII
African Americans Involvement in
92nd Infantry Division
Executive Order 9066
FDR signed Executive Order 9066 –
February 19, 1942
1) Authorized War Dept. to “designate
military areas and exclude
anyone from them who was
considered a danger”
2) Specific Target: ~120,000
Japanese Americans living
along the West Coast of U.S.
had to leave their homes and
go to internment camps
3) Japanese Americans singled out,
lost their American rights and
declared “unfit for American
military service”
Ken Burns WWII Documentary Disc 1 (2007)
Exclusion and Removal of
Japanese Internment Camps
Japanese Americans Involvement in
WWII- 442nd Regimental Combat Team
Major Points of Yalta Conference- (Ukraine)
February 4-11, 1945
Churchill, FDR and Stalin discussed the reorganization of Europe after
WWII would end:
Nazi Germany would surrender
Germany split up into 4 Occupied Zones: Russia, British,
American and French
- Berlin Wall – divided East (Communist) and West Berlin, and East
(Communist) and West Germany
German War Reparations to the Allies: Germany paid $20 billion
dollars to Allies in machinery and manufacturing plants
German Reparations also in forced labor – ~4,000,000 Germans
were used as forced labor in Russia, France, United Kingdom
(Britain) and in Belgium
Germans paid 450 DM to Israel and 3 billion DM to World Jewish
Congress to compensate Jewish survivors in other countries
Nazi War Criminals brought to justice – “Nuremburg Trials”
End of WWII Timeline
1) April 28, 1945 – Benito Mussolini executed
2) April 30, 1945 – Adolf Hitler committed suicide
3) May 7, 1945 – Germany surrenders to Western Europe
(Western Front)
4) May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders to Russia (Eastern
Front) – (VE Day)
5) Aug.6, Aug.9 1945 – U.S. drops Atomic Bombs on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
6) August 15, 1945 – Japan surrenders to Allies
Map of Germany After WWII
Total WWII Fatalities
~50,000,000 - 60,000,000 died from
Number Served
Total WWII Fatalities (Con’t)
WWII Stats.
• 85,000,000 Men and Women served in Uniform
• WWII Caused U.S. > 3 Billion Dollars
• When WWII ended- U.S most powerful country
in world
• After WWII more than ½ of all world industrial
production occurred in U.S.
• WWII Generation – “The Greatest Generation”
Ken Burns WWII Documentary Disc 1, Disc 2 (2007)
WWII Literature
Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler’s Shadow – Susan Campbell Bartoletti
The Diary of a Young Girl – Anne Frank
Winston Churchill – Martin Gilbert
A Boy At War – Harry Mazer
The Story of Winston Churchill – Earl Miers
Under the Blood Red Sun – Graham Salisbury
Winston Churchill: Soldier, Statesman, Artist – John Severance
Night – Elie Wiesel
Diary of Anne Frank DVD
The Children We Remember - Chana Abells
World War II – Simon Adams
Good Fight: How World War II Was Won – Stephen Ambrose
Parallel Journeys – Eleanor Ayer, with Alfons Heck, with Helen Waterford
London Calling – Edward Bloom
Remember D-Day The Plan, The Invasion, Survivor Stories – Ronald Drez
Fighting Ships: U-Boats – Richard Humble
A Boy No More – Harry Mazer
World War II – Tom McGowen
World War II for Kids: A History with 21 Activities – Richard Panchyk
The Chosen – Chaim Potok
WWII Literature (Con’t)
Pearl Harbor: A Primary Source History – Jacqueline Gorman
Pearl Harbor Is Burning! : A Story of World War II – Kathleen Kudlinski
A Boy At War: A Novel of Pearl Harbor – Harry Mazer
Air Raid- Pearl Harbor!: A Story of December 7, 1941 – Theodore Taylor
Battle of the Atlantic – Wallace Black
Carrier War: Aircraft Carriers in World War II – Tom Mcgowen
Hiroshima and the Atomic Bomb – Wallace Black
Iwo Jima and Okinawa – Wallace Black
Submarine – Neil Mallard, in association with U.S. Navy Submarine Force Museum
Fighting For America – Black Soldiers- The Unsung Heroes of World War II – Christopher Moore
Memories of Anne Frank: Reflections of a Childhood Friend: Alison Gold
Anne Frank: Beyond the Diary – Ruud van der Rol and Rian Verhoeven
Remember Pearl Harbor: American and Japanese Survivors Tell Their Stories – Thomas Allen
Farewell to Manzanar – Jeanne Houston and James Houston
Dear American My Secret War: The World War II Diary of Madeline Beck
Letters Home From World War II: From Foxholes and Flight Decks – Rod Gragg
5th Grade Activities
1) World Map – use push pins to show where you are
talking about on the map
2) Role Play Battles and Wars
3) Make Posters in Groups
4) Make Timelines in Groups – Each group does a section
5) Event Chains of Wars, Events, Key Figures,
Contributions/Accomplishments etc.
6) Write letters or poems about a book’s theme
7) Write newspaper articles or journal entries about specific topics,
situations, concepts or themes
8) Make murals of important concepts or themes
9) Use Persuasion Map, Story Map 2 and Time Order Charts for
Works Cited
Bartoletti, Susan. (2005). Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler’s Shadow. (p.6) New York: Scholastic.
Gilbert, Martin. (1966). Winston Churchill. (pps.91,92) Oxford: Oxford University Press
Layton, Rear Admiral Edwin, with Pineau, Captain Roger and John Costello. (1985). And I Was There: Pearl Harbor
and Midway – Breaking The Secrets. (p.495). New York: William Morrow and Company INC.
Rosenberg, Emily. (2003). A Date Which Will Live: Pearl Harbor In American Memory.(pps.87-88). Durham: Duke
University Press
Severance, John. (1996). Winston Churchill: Soldier Statesman, Artist. (pps.45, 87, 88,95). New York: Clarion Books
Jacqueline Gorman (2009). Pearl Harbor: A Primary Source History: In Their Own Words (pps.23,26). New York:
Gareth Stevens Publishing
Ken Burns WWII Documentary Disc 1, Disc 2 (2007)
Works Cited (Con’t)
Works Cited (Con’t)
Works Cited (Con’t)
Works Cited (Con’t)