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Transcript
World War II in the Pacific
1942 (April)
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1942 Battle of Coral Sea
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June 1942 Battle of Midway
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August 1942 Battle of Guadalcanal
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Result? ______________ ____________ ______ _______________.
Tide Turning in World War II in Europe
August 1942 - Feb. 1943 Battle of Stalingrad
_____________________________________________________________
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Suez Canal ___________________________________________________
October 1942 North Africa
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1943 Axis Losing in Europe
1943 Soviets victorious at Stalingrad
_____________________________________________________________
Mid to late 1943 _______________________________________________
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American forces early 1943
_____________________________________________________________
Mid 1943 Battle of Kursk ________________________________________
American Progress in the Pacific 1944
1944 Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands all under American
control.
Goal? ________________________________________________________
B29 Bomber __________________________________________________
Secondary goal?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Summer 1944 (June) Battle of the Philippine Sea
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Mariana Islands ________________________________________________
Battle of Leyte
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Result is the demise of the Japanese Navy.
1944 Allies Advance Further in Europe
June 1944 _____________________________________________________
June 6, 1944
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
V1 & V2 Rockets ______________________________________________
August 1944 Polish Uprising _____________________________________
August 25th, 1944 ______________________________________________
Battle of the Bulge (December 1944)
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
1945 - End of World War II
Allies look like they are going to win. Meet at __________________ in
February of 1945.
Firebomb major cities of Germany ______________________________
April 1945 Allies on the March.
April 30th __________________________________________________
May 8th, 1945 _________________________________________________
THE PACIFIC THEATER
February - March 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Japanese still have not surrendered
April - June 1945 Allied invasion of Okinawa
_____________________________________________________________
MANAHATTAN PROJECT
AUGUST 6th - Hiroshima
AUGUST 9th - Nagasaki
August 14th, 1945 ______________________________________________
SEPTEMBER 2nd. 1945 _________________________________________
The United Nations



The United Nations (UN) was created at the end of World War II as an
international peacekeeping organization and a forum for resolving conflicts
between nations.
The UN replaced the ineffective League of Nations, which had failed to
prevent the outbreak of the Second World War.
The UN was established on October 24, 1945, with headquarters in
Manhattan, New York City, and reflected the rise of the United States to
global leadership in the postwar period.
The United States played an instrumental role in the founding of the United
Nations. The UN Charter, with its emphasis on peace, security, international
law, economic development, and human rights, reflected the influence of US
President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill, who shared a vision for the postwar world.^22start superscript, 2,
end superscript In 1941, the two leaders drafted the Atlantic Charter, which
declared that there would be no territorial aggrandizement as a result of the
war, that postwar international relations would be cooperative, and that
disputes between states would be resolved through peaceful negotiation and
not the use or threat of force. The Atlantic Charter eventually became the
basis for the UN Charter.
The extent of US involvement in the creation of the United Nations,
as well as the location of its main headquarters in New York City,
demonstrates the rise of the United States to global leadership in the
postwar period.^33
The Security Council is composed of five permanent members—the
United States, Great Britain, France, Russia, and China— which were
the five main Allied powers in the Second World War. There are also
ten non-permanent seats on the Security Council that rotate between
different countries every two years. The purpose of the Security
Council is to peacefully resolve international conflicts and prevent the
outbreak of war. UN Security Council resolutions are binding and are
enforced by UN peacekeepers, which are military forces contributed
by member-states.
The United Nations in the Cold War
Because the Soviet Union and the United States both held permanent seats
on the UN Security Council, as the Cold War heated up, disunity between
the two great powers interfered with the international organization’s basic
peacekeeping mission. This was partly due to the dual nature of the UN as a
forum for negotiating disputes among states and a platform for influencing
international opinion. The Soviet Union and the United States both used the
UN as a propaganda platform, to win hearts and minds in the Cold War.
Many of the proposals submitted by US and Soviet officials were aimed
primarily at criticizing each other, and since each superpower had a veto in
the Security Council, disputes could not be resolved unless both Cold War
rivals agreed, which was rare. This had the effect of stalling negotiations and
prolonging conflict.^44